Archive for March, 2011

Le Collectif Homoboulot vous invite…

Wednesday, March 30th, 2011

10 ans de lutte contre l’homophobie au travail
En 2011 le Collectif Homoboulot se dote d’une nouvelle Charte
et accueille les personnes physiques comme membres.
Le Collectif vous invite :
Samedi 2 avril : Atelier inter-associatif et débat

3/4 des lesbiennes et des gays se cachent encore au travail !

16 h 00 / 18 h 15 – Salle 1 : AUTOCENSURE : PASSAGE OBLIGE DES LGBT AU TRAVAIL ?

Présentation du Collectif Homoboulot, de ses actions et de la problématique de l’homophobie au travail. Pourquoi ? Comment ? Perspectives ?

Espace des Blancs-Manteaux, 48, rue Vieille du Temple, Paris 4e, métro Hôtel de Ville ou Rambuteau

Contact / réservation conseillée: [email protected]

Dimanche 3 avril : 12ème PRINTEMPS DES ASSOCES

13 h 30 / 20 h 00 le Collectif Homoboulot tient un stand au « Printemps des Assoces » parmi la centaine d’associations présentes, et près de 2000 visiteurs attendus
Espace des Blancs-Manteaux, 48, rue Vieille du Temple, Paris 4e, métro Hôtel de Ville ou Rambuteau
Cordialement
Philippe Chauliaguet
Porte-Parole
Contact : 06 07 23 80 75

Évènements organisés par l’Inter-LGBT
Le Collectif Homoboulot fédère des associations créées dans des grandes entreprises et des administrations afin de lutter contre l’homophobie et les tabous, pour démonter les stéréotypes et les préjugés sur les lesbiennes, les gays, les bi et les personnes trans (LGBT).
ALGO au Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et Européennes
COMIN-G pour les Ministères Économique et Financiers,
GARE ! pour le groupe SNCF,
HOMOBUS pour le groupe RATP,
HOMOSFERE, pour le groupe SFR,
MOBILISNOO pour le groupe FranceTelecom/Orange
Contactez-nous sans tarder [email protected] si vous voulez intégrer le Collectif en tant que membre physique.
La Charte du Collectif Homoboulot est consultable sur http://www.homoboulot.org

Affaire Steve Biron – Nouvelles du 26 mars 2011

Saturday, March 26th, 2011

Par: Gay Globe Média

Les lecteurs de Gay Globe Média suivent avidement l’affaire Steve Biron depuis ses débuts puisqu’elle implique une question d’intérêt public pour la communauté soit, la criminalisation du VIH et le débat scientifique sur l’intention criminelle d’une personne traitée par trithérapie dont la charge virale est indétectable.

Bref, dans le cadre de notre suivi du dossier, il nous fait plaisir de vous informer que Steve va relativement bien dans les circonstances, que les procédures prévues visant à obtenir sa libération conditionnelle le temps de la suite des procédures sont pratiquement prêtes mais retardées par des examens médicaux mal effectués par le personnel médical de la prison de Québec, où il est actuellement toujours incarcéré depuis plus de 5 mois.

En effet, afin de prouver que la trithérapie fait actuellement son travail et qu’il est indétectable, remplissant ainsi un des critères établis par la Cour d’Appel du Québec dans un cas similaire, Steve a besoin d’analyses sanguines et doit attendre les résultats de ces analyses avant de produire les nouvelles pièces à son dossier. Or, le médecin de la prison, informé que Steve avait besoin d’un suivi médical a commandé les mauvais tests sanguins, se contentant de vérifier s’il était séropositif, ce que tout le monde sait déjà, sans demander un décompte de la charge virale, qui était en fait la seule question pertinente.

Tout cela cause donc un ralentissement imprévu des procédures de Steve et il se retrouve théoriquement encore une fois retenu en prison pour des raisons hors de son contrôle qui n’ont rien à voir non plus avec l’administration de la justice. De nouveaux tests sanguins sont prévus, ainsi que les nouveaux délais pour les résultats. Steve tente de garder le moral malgré les événements.

DOCUMENTAIRE

Gay Globe Média profite de l’occasion de cette mise à jour pour annoncer le tournage d’un documentaire sur l’Affaire Steve Biron dès sa sortie de prison avec pour objectif de mieux faire comprendre le débat tournant autour de la criminalisation du VIH et les avancées de la science en matière de charge virale indétectable. Steve Biron a accepter de participer au tournage et il s’agira d’un document exceptionnel proposant des entrevues-capsules avec des spécialistes du droit civil, criminel, des médecins et des scientifiques.

Le documentaire dans sa version finale ne pourra toutefois pas être diffusé avant la fin des procédures de manière à ne pas nuire à l’administration de la justice. À suivre.

Participez immédiatement au sondage GGTV sur les élections fédérales 2011

Friday, March 25th, 2011

Gay Globe Média sonde à chaque élection ses lecteurs et les résultats sont toujours spectaculaires. À chaque veille des élections, Gay Globe publie ses résultats et l’élection est pratiquement similaire ce qui prouve que les lecteurs de Gay Globe sont représentatifs de l’opinion globale.

Participez encore une fois en 2011 et dès maintenant au sondage de GGTV et voyez les résultats en direct, dès le vote enregistré sur notre page web au http://www.gayglobe.us

Gay Globe Média appuie André Arthur

Thursday, March 24th, 2011

Le Groupe Gay Globe, responsable de la publication du magazine québécois Gay Globe, d’une WebTV et d’une Web Radio de même que de nombreuses autres divisions dont Disques A Tempo prend position et appuie le député et personnalité média André Arthur dans sa candidature au poste de député de Portneuf pour l’élection fédérale 2011 au Canada.

André Arthur est candidat indépendant et a fait la démonstration au fil des dernières années que malgré les limites qui lui sont imposées par les règles du parlement canadien, il arrive à imposer sa vision tout à fait unique de la politique en la rendant conviviale et en lui donnant un visage humain.

Gay Globe Média appuie donc André Arthur dans son comté et se réserve la possibilité de varier ses appuis selon les candidatures ailleurs.

Source: Roger-Luc Chayer

Spécial Elizabeth Taylor à Gay Globe Média

Wednesday, March 23rd, 2011

Suite à l’annonce du décès de la grande dame du cinéma Elizabeth Taylor, peu de gens au Québec connaissaient son implication auprès du SIDA et son appui pour Gay Globe Magazine (Le Point).

Afin de souligner et de célébrer son passage dans nos vies, Gay Globe Média a décidé de lui consacrer un spécial à volets multiples en commençant par la diffusion intégrale du film Cléopâtre (1963) d’ici quelques jours sur GGTV, suivi d’une édition spéciale de Gay Globe Magazine avec superbe couverture qui lui est consacrée de même qu’un dossier spécial sur sa vie, son implication dans la lutte contre le SIDA et un éditorial plus personnel.

Découvrez avant tout le monde la couverture spéciale de Gay Globe Magazine consacrée à Elizabeth Taylor: Pour télécharger la couverture exclusive Elizabeth Taylor cliquez sur ce lien

Couverture Elizabeth Taylor #74

Couverture Elizabeth Taylor #74

Daniel Draws condamné en appel

Thursday, March 17th, 2011

Draws c. Avocats (Ordre professionnel des)

2011 QCTP 18

TRIBUNAL DES PROFESSIONS

CANADA

PROVINCE DE QUÉBEC

DISTRICT DE

LONGUEUIL

N° :

505-07-000045-107

DATE :

4 mars 2011

______________________________________________________________________

CORAM : LES HONORABLES MARTIN HÉBERT, J.C.Q.

DENIS LAVERGNE, J.C.Q.

RENÉ DE LA SABLONNIÈRE, J.C.Q.

______________________________________________________________________

DANIEL DRAWS

APPELANT-intimé

c.

MARIE-CLAUDE THIBAULT, en qualité de syndique adjointe du Barreau du Québec

INTIMÉE-plaignante

NANCY J. TRUDEL, en qualité de secrétaire du

Conseil de discipline du Barreau du Québec

MISE EN CAUSE

______________________________________________________________________

JUGEMENT

______________________________________________________________________

JH 5215

JL 1755

JS 0741

[1] Daniel Draws (l’appelant) appelle de la décision sur sanction rendue par le Conseil de discipline (le Conseil) le 2 mars 2010, lui imposant une radiation de cinq ans sur les chefs numéros 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 et 10. Il conteste également l’ordonnance de remboursement des sommes appropriées illégalement au motif que cela constitue une double sanction.

[2] La syndique adjointe du Barreau du Québec (l’intimée) allègue que les sanctions sont justifiées en considérant les critères applicables et la preuve présentée à l’audience. Selon elle, l’ordonnance de remboursement ne constitue pas une double sanction puisqu’elle est prévue à l’article 156 du Code des professions[1] (le Code).

LE CONTEXTE FACTUEL

[3] Le 5 février 2009, l’intimée dépose une plainte comportant 11 chefs d’infraction :

Ø aux chefs 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 et 10, s’être illégalement approprié des sommes reçues à titre d’avances d’honoraires de son client;

Ø aux chefs 1, 2 et 7, ne pas avoir déposé dans son compte en fidéicommis des sommes d’argent remises par son client;

Ø au chef 9, avoir fait de fausses déclarations à son client.

[4] Le jour prévu pour l’audition, le 28 mai 2009, le Conseil constate l’absence de l’appelant malgré un avis dûment signifié. L’audience sur le fond se tient en son absence. Une preuve testimoniale et documentaire est présentée. L’audition se termine le jour même et le dossier est mis en délibéré.

[5] Le 21 juillet 2009, le Conseil dépose sa décision sur la culpabilité de l’appelant le déclarant coupable sur les 11 chefs d’infraction.

[6] Le Conseil entend la preuve et les observations sur sanction de l’intimée le 17 février 2010, toujours en l’absence de l’appelant bien que la décision sur culpabilité et l’avis d’audition sur sanction lui aient été dûment signifiés.

[7] Le 2 mars 2010, le Conseil dépose sa décision sur sanction. Sur les chefs 1, 2, 7, et en regard de l’article 59.2 invoqué au chef 9, le Conseil suspend conditionnellement les procédures. Il aurait été plus convenable de prononcer la suspension conditionnelle des procédures lors du jugement sur la culpabilité. Le Tribunal a répété à plusieurs reprises que c’est une règle de droit que de se prononcer sur cette règle au stade de la culpabilité. Même si le conseil commet une erreur, dans les circonstances il n’y a pas lieu de nous prononcer puisqu’il n’y a pas d’appel de la culpabilité.

[8] Le Conseil impose une radiation temporaire de cinq ans pour les chefs 3, 4, 6, 8 et 10; une radiation temporaire de deux ans sur le chef 9 et de six mois pour le chef 11. Ces radiations doivent être purgées concurremment.

[9] Le Conseil rend également une ordonnance de remboursement de la somme de 8 348 $ à l’acquis du client de l’appelant en vertu de l’article 156 d) du Code.

LE POURVOI EN APPEL

[10] L’appelant se pourvoit en appel contre la décision sur sanction du Conseil.

[11] L’appelant soulève premièrement la sévérité de la radiation temporaire de cinq ans pour les chefs 3, 4, 6, 8 et 10 et deuxièmement l’ordonnance de remboursement à l’acquis de son client au motif que cela constitue une double pénalité.

[12] L’intimée soumet que les sanctions sont conformes à la jurisprudence et que l’ordonnance de remboursement constitue un aspect de la sanction prévue à l’article 156 du Code.

LES QUESTIONS EN LITIGE

[13] Les deux questions en litige sont les suivantes :

Ø les radiations temporaires de cinq ans constituent-elles une sanction déraisonnable justifiant l’intervention du Tribunal et

Ø l’ordonnance de remboursement est-elle une double pénalité si elle est ajoutée à une radiation?

LA NORME DE CONTRÔLE

[14] L’appelant ne traite pas de cette question dans son mémoire.

[15] Dans le cas d’un appel d’une sanction disciplinaire, l’intimée soumet que la norme de contrôle de la décision raisonnable s’applique.

[16] L’ensemble de la jurisprudence sanctionne ce principe[2]. La norme de la décision raisonnable commande la déférence envers les conclusions du Conseil à moins que celles-ci ne soient déraisonnables.

[17] Dans l’arrêt Dunsmuir[3], la Cour suprême définit ainsi les critères de la décision raisonnable :

[47] [...] Le caractère raisonnable tient principalement à la justification de la décision, à la transparence et à l’intelligibilité du processus décisionnel, ainsi qu’à l’appartenance de la décision aux issues possibles acceptables pouvant se justifier au regard des faits et du droit.

[18] Pour décider si l’ordonnance de remboursement prévu à l’article 156 du Code constitue une double pénalité, l’intimée énonce dans son mémoire que la norme de la décision correcte s’applique.

[19] L’appelant n’aborde pas ce point dans son mémoire. Il allègue qu’une ordonnance de remboursement en sus d’une radiation constitue une « duplicité de sanction ». Ainsi formulée, il s’agit d’une question de droit qui concerne l’application de l’article 156 du Code. Ce dernier s’applique à toutes les professions, il est d’intérêt général et il ne relève pas d’une loi constitutive du Barreau.

[20] Dans l’arrêt Dunsmuir[4] :

[60] Rappelons que dans le cas d’une question de droit générale « à la fois, d’une importance capitale pour le système juridique dans son ensemble et étrangère au domaine d’expertise de l’arbitre » (Toronto (ville) c. S.C.F.P., par. 62, le juge LeBel), la cour de révision doit également continuer de substituer à la décision rendue celle qu’elle estime constituer la bonne. Pareille question doit être tranchée de manière uniforme et cohérente étant donné ses répercussions sur l’administration de la justice dans son ensemble. […]

[21] La Cour suprême a réitéré récemment les principes de l’arrêt Dunsmuir dans l’arrêt Smith c. Alliance Pipeline Ltd.[5] :

[26] Selon l’arrêt Dunsmuir, les catégories énumérées ci-après sont susceptibles de contrôle judiciaire soit selon la norme de la décision correcte soit selon celle de la décision raisonnable.  La norme de la décision correcte s’applique : (1) aux questions constitutionnelles; (2) aux questions de droit générales qui sont « à la fois, d’une importance capitale pour le système juridique dans son ensemble et étrangères au domaine d’expertise de l’arbitre » (Dunsmuir, au par. 60, citant l’arrêt  Toronto (Ville) c. S.C.F.P., section locale 79, 2003 CSC 63 , [2003] 3 R.C.S. 77 , au par. 62); (3) aux questions portant sur la délimitation des compétences respectives de tribunaux spécialisés concurrents; (4) aux questions « touchant véritablement à la compétence ou à la constitutionnalité » (par. 58 à 61).  En revanche, c’est généralement la norme de la décision raisonnable qui s’applique dans les cas suivants : (1) la question se rapporte à l’interprétation de la loi habilitante (ou « constitutive ») du tribunal administratif ou à « une loi étroitement liée à son mandat et dont il a une connaissance approfondie » (par. 54); (2) la question soulève à son tour des questions touchant les faits, le pouvoir discrétionnaire ou des considérations d’intérêt général; (3) la question soulève des questions de droit et de fait intimement liées (par. 51, 53 et 54).

(Soulignement ajouté)

[22] Revenant à l’arrêt Dunsmuir, la Cour suprême écrit que le tribunal de révision doit appliquer sa propre interprétation du texte législatif à l’étude :

[50] […] il ne fait par ailleurs aucun doute que la norme de la décision correcte doit continuer de s’appliquer aux questions de compétence et à certaines autres questions de droit. On favorise ainsi le prononcé de décisions justes tout en évitant l’application incohérente et irrégulière du droit. La cour de révision qui applique la norme de la décision correcte n’acquiesce pas au raisonnement du décideur; elle entreprend plutôt sa propre analyse au terme de laquelle elle décide si elle est d’accord ou non avec la conclusion du décideur. En cas de désaccord, elle substitue sa propre conclusion et rend la décision qui s’impose. La cour de révision doit se demander dès le départ si la décision du tribunal administratif était la bonne.

L’ANALYSE

[23] Examinons dans un premier temps, sous le critère de la décision raisonnable, la sévérité de la sanction. Dans un deuxième temps, sous le critère de la décision correcte, l’ordonnance de remboursement en regard de la double sanction.

- Sévérité de la sanction

[24] Le Conseil apprécie la preuve présentée lors des plaidoiries sur la sanction. Il retient notamment les antécédents disciplinaires de l’appelant. En 2003, il a été déclaré coupable d’avoir fait défaut à six reprises de compléter et de faire parvenir sa déclaration annuelle; en 2005 d’avoir fait défaut de répondre à la syndique et enfin en 2007, s’être fait imposer une radiation de 30 jours après avoir été déclaré coupable d’avoir fait défaut de respecter une ordonnance entraînant une condamnation pour outrage au tribunal.

[25] Dans sa décision sur sanction, le Conseil énumère les circonstances aggravantes du cas à l’étude :

[21] En matière de gravité objective, les gestes reprochés à l’intimé sont graves et sérieux.

[22] De façon plus particulière, l’appropriation des sommes d’argent appartenant à son client et les fausses représentations à ce dernier sont des fautes qui se situent au cœur même de l’exercice de la profession d’avocat.

[23] Elles mettent en cause la probité de l’intimé.

[24] Ce faisant, la conduite de l’intimé porte ombrage à l’ensemble de la profession.

[25] Le public est en droit de s’attendre à une conduite irréprochable de l’avocat, notamment en regard des sommes d’argent qui lui sont confiées ; en agissant comme il l’a fait, l’intimé a rompu le nécessaire lien de confiance qui doit prévaloir dans les relations de l’avocat avec son client.

[26] C’est pourquoi, des sanctions sévères s’imposent dans les circonstances[6].

[...]

[42] Ces sanctions sont justes et raisonnables dans les circonstances.

[43] Elles prennent en compte notamment l’absence totale de collaboration de l’intimé tout au long du processus disciplinaire.

[44] Elles prennent de plus en compte le fait que l’intimé n’ait pas remboursé son client.

[45] Non seulement l’intimé n’a-t-il pas remboursé son client, mais il lui a menti de façon délibérée en lui représentant qu’il avait pris une entente avec le ministère du Revenu alors que cela était faux, avec pour conséquence que son client a dû payer la somme de 4 082.80 $ audit ministère.

[46] Le conseil prend de plus en compte les antécédents disciplinaires de l’intimé et notamment sa culpabilité aux reproches d’avoir fait défaut de répondre à la syndique dans le dossier 06-04-01944 en 2004, les gestes reprochés à l’intimé sous le onzième chef dans le présent dossier constituant une récidive.[7]

(Soulignements ajoutés)

[26] Le Conseil a considéré les décisions antérieures rendues dans des circonstances analogues[8]. Dans le contexte d’appropriations illégales de sommes d’argent variant entre 5 000 $ et 12 000 $, les radiations temporaires imposées sont de l’ordre de 4 et 5 ans.

[27] La décision du Conseil satisfait aux critères de la décision raisonnable énoncée par la Cour suprême dans l’arrêt Dunsmuir[9].

[28] L’appelant n’a pas démontré de motifs remettant en question la transparence ou l’intelligibilité du processus décisionnel suivi par le Conseil. Il a amplement justifié sa décision sur sanction eu égard à la preuve. La sanction s’inscrit dans la norme d’une décision raisonnable.

[29] Ce motif d’appel est rejeté parce que non fondé.

- L’ordonnance de remboursement

[30] Examinons maintenant la légalité de l’ordonnance de remboursement à l’acquis de la personne spoliée. L’argument de l’appelant veut que le Conseil en prononçant une radiation de cinq ans ait considéré tous les facteurs atténuants et aggravants pour se prononcer. En imposant un remboursement, le Conseil impose une double pénalité puisqu’il a déjà considéré ce fait comme une circonstance aggravante au paragraphe 44 de sa décision.

[31] L’article 156 du Code énonce :

156. Sanctions imposables. Le conseil de discipline impose aux professionnels déclarés coupable d’une infraction visée à l’article 116, une ou plusieurs des sanctions suivantes sur chacun des chefs contenus dans la plainte :

[...]

b) la radiation temporaire ou permanente du tableau, même si depuis la date de l’infraction il a cessé d’y être inscrit;

[...]

d) l’obligation de remettre à toute personne à qui elle revient une somme d’argent que le professionnel détient ou devrait détenir pour elle;

Radiation et amende. Le conseil de discipline impose au professionnel déclaré coupable d’avoir posé un acte dérogatoire visé à l’article 59.1, au moins la radiation temporaire et une amende conformément aux paragraphes b et c  du premier alinéa. Il impose au professionnel déclaré coupable de s’être approprié sans droit des sommes d’argent et autres valeurs qu’il détient pour le compte de tout client ou déclaré coupable d’avoir utilisé des sommes d’argent et autres valeurs à des fins autres que celles pour lesquelles elles lui avaient été remises dans l’exercice de sa profession, au moins la radiation temporaire conformément au paragraphe b du premier alinéa.

[32] L’article 156 du Code énumère les différentes sanctions qui peuvent être imposées. Il énonce que « une ou plusieurs des sanctions » mentionnées peuvent être imposées. La radiation temporaire ou permanente est prévue à l’alinéa b et l’ordonnance de remboursement à l’alinéa d.

[33] Le texte de l’article est explicite quant à l’aspect cumulatif de ces sanctions. Rien dans le texte n’indique qu’il s’agit de sanctions disjonctives. Le Conseil, après avoir reconnu la culpabilité d’un professionnel et avoir envisagé une sanction pour la protection du public, examine la possibilité de dédommager la personne victime d’une appropriation illégale par le professionnel fautif.

[34] L’ordonnance de remboursement dénote de la part du Conseil une préoccupation pour la victime et les inconvénients qu’elle a subis. Cette ordonnance s’intègre à la mission de protection du public du Barreau et du Conseil en limitant, en autant que faire se peut, les difficultés occasionnées à la victime par l’acte dérogatoire du professionnel déclaré coupable.

[35] Le Tribunal lors de l’examen de l’article 156 d) du Code écrit dans la cause de Garneau c. Notaires (Ordre professionnel des)[10] :

[51] [...] L’objectif de cette sanction est d’accorder aux personnes lésées la possibilité de récupérer les sommes d’argent confiées au professionnel, mais détournées par celui-ci.

[36] Ce motif d’appel également n’est pas retenu puisque l’imposition d’une ordonnance de remboursement à l’égard de la victime en sus d’une radiation temporaire ne constitue pas une double sanction.

CONCLUSION :

[37] L’appelant ne convainc pas qu’il y a lieu d’intervenir. La décision du Conseil en regard de la radiation temporaire de cinq ans satisfait aux critères de la décision raisonnable énoncée par la Cour suprême dans l’arrêt Dunsmuir[11].

POUR CES MOTIFS, LE TRIBUNAL :

REJETTE l’appel de la décision du Conseil de discipline du Barreau du Québec rendue le 2 mars 2010.

CONDAMNE l’appelant au paiement des déboursés tant en première instance qu’en appel.

__________________________________

MARTIN HÉBERT, J.C.Q.

__________________________________

DENIS LAVERGNE, J.C.Q.

_________________________________

RENÉ DE LA SABLONNIÈRE, J.C.Q.

M. Daniel Draws

APPELANT-intimé

Agissant personnellement

Me Marie-Claude Thibault, en qualité de

Syndique adjointe du Barreau du Québec

INTIMÉE-plaignante

Agissant personnellement

Me Nancy J. Trudel, en qualité de secrétaire du Conseil

de discipline du Barreau du Québec

Mise en cause

Date d’audience :

8 février 2011

C.D. No :         06-09-02466

Décision sur culpabilité rendue le 21 juillet 2009

Décision sur sanction rendue le 2 mars 2010


[1] L.R.Q., c. C-26.

[2] Pigeon c. Daigneault, [2003] R.J.Q. 1090 (C.A.); Schrier c. Tribunal des professions et al, [2004] R.J.Q. 2432 ; Laliberté c. Huneault, 2006 QCCA 929 .

[3] Dunsmuir c. Nouveau-Brunswick, [2008] 1 R.C.S. 190 .

[4] Id.

[5] 2011CSC 7.

[6] D.c., p. 46 , 47 et 49.

[7] D.c., p. 49.

[8] Lapierre c. Goyette, décision du comité de discipline, 06-05-02090, 17 janvier 2006. (4 ans) ; Lapierre c. Rupp, décision du comité de discipline, 06-04-01937, 3 mai 2005. (4 ans); Richard c. Bellemare, décision du comité de discipline, 06-08-02454, 12 mars 2009. (5 ans).

[9] Dunsmuir c. Nouveau-Brunswick, [2008] 1 R.C.S. 190 .

[10] 2002 QCTP 068 .

[11]Dunsmuir c. Nouveau-Brunswick, [2008] 1 R.C.S. 190 .

Rencontres du 3ème Type: Documentaire

Monday, March 14th, 2011

GGTV vous offre la diffusion d’un documentaire sur le Making of… le film Rencontres du 3ème type. À voir au http://www.gayglobe.us/closeencounters.html

Thomas Mulcair déconnecté de la réalité

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Commentaire de Roger-Luc Chayer

Le député du NPD d’Outremont Thomas Mulcair, anciennement député du parti Libéral du Québec de 1994 à 2007 vient de faire une déclaration sur les actes du Parti Conservateur du Canada et dans son discours, me semblait totalement déconnecté de la réalité quotidienne ici au Canada et surtout au Québec. Suis-je le seul à voir cela?

Il livre aujourd’hui le 13 mars 2011 son analyse “neutre” sur les décisoins du Gouvernement du Canada dirigé par Stephen Harper mais c’est trop facile! C’est facile de représenter un parti politique canadien qui n’aura JAMAIS le pouvoir au pays et qui peut se contenter que de vagues critiques gauchistes et écolo-caviards sans jamais devoir prouver ses affirmations ni jamais mettre en pratique ses idées.

Facile et totalement insipide quand l’entrevue de Mulcair suit le compte-rendu suit le reportage sur le désastre au Japon. Ce qui semble tellement important pour Thomas Mulcair, et pour le NPD, un parti qui promet tout à tout le monde mais qui n’a jamais réussi à se faire élire depuis 40 ans au niveau fédéral, c’est l’apparence, que diront les canadiens sans jamais accorder d’importance au concret.

Les élections fédérales approchent au Canada, il me semble que si on voulait vraiment faire évoluer le pays, il faudrait peut-être changer le discours et la manière des années 60 pour moderniser un peu. Est-ce qu’ils en seront capables?

Celine Dion by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Celine Dion

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Céline Dion

Dion performing “Taking Chances” at her Taking Chances Tour concert in Bell Centre, Montreal, Canada, on August 19, 2008.
Background information
Birth name Céline Marie Claudette Dion
Born March 30, 1968 (1968-03-30) (age 42)
Origin Charlemagne, Quebec, Canada
Genres Pop, dance-pop, pop rock, soft rock, adult contemporary
Occupations Singer,[1] songwriter-composer,[2] actress[3]
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1980–present
Labels Sony Music Canada, Epic, 550, Columbia
Website celinedion.com

Céline Marie Claudette Dion, CC, OQ (French pronunciation: [selin djɔ̃] ( listen); born March 30, 1968) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, actress, and entrepreneur. Born to a large family from Charlemagne, Quebec[4] Dion emerged as a teen star in the French-speaking world after her manager and future husband René Angélil mortgaged his home to finance her first record.[5] In 1990, she released the English-language album Unison, establishing herself as a viable pop artist in North America and other English-speaking areas of the world.[6]

Dion had first gained international recognition in the 1980s by winning both the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival and the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest.[7][8] Following a series of French albums in the early 1980s, she signed on to CBS Records Canada in 1986. During the 1990s, with the help of Angélil, she achieved worldwide fame after signing with Epic Records and releasing several English albums along with additional French albums, becoming one of the most successful artists in pop music history.[9][10] However, in 1999 at the height of her success, Dion announced a hiatus from entertainment in order to start a family and spend time with her husband, who had been diagnosed with cancer.[10][11] She returned to the top of pop music in 2002 and signed a three-year (later extended to almost five years) contract to perform nightly in a five-star theatrical show at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas.[12][13][14]

Dion’s music has been influenced by genres ranging from rock and R&B to gospel and classical. While her releases have often received mixed critical reception, she is renowned for her technically skilled and powerful vocals.[15][16][17] Dion is the best-selling Canadian artist of all time,[18][19] is the second best-selling female artist in the United States of America during the Nielsen SoundScan era,[20][21] and is the only female artist to have two singles that have sold more than a million copies in the United Kingdom.[22] In addition, her 1995 album D’eux, is the best-selling French-language album of all time.[23] In 2004, after surpassing 175 million in album sales worldwide, she was presented with the Chopard Diamond Award at the World Music Awards for becoming the best-selling female artist of all time.[24][25] According to Sony Music Entertainment, Dion has sold over 200 million albums worldwide.[26]

Contents

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Biography

Childhood and early beginnings

The youngest of fourteen children born to Adhémar Dion and Thérèse Tanguay, both of French Canadian descent, Céline Dion was raised a Roman Catholic in a poverty-stricken, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne, Quebec, Canada.[10][27] Music had always been a part of the family (Dion was named after the song Céline, recorded by French singer Hugues Aufray two years before her birth[28]), as she grew up singing with her siblings in her parents’ small piano bar called Le Vieux Baril. From an early age Dion had dreamed of being a performer.[15] In a 1994 interview with People magazine, she recalled, “I missed my family and my home, but I don’t regret having lost my adolescence. I had one dream: I wanted to be a singer.”[29]

At age twelve, Dion collaborated with her mother and her brother Jacques to compose her first song, “Ce n’était qu’un rêve” (“It Was Only a Dream”).[27] Her brother Michel Dondalinger Dion sent the recording to music manager René Angélil, whose name he discovered on the back of a Ginette Reno album.[5] Angélil was moved to tears by Dion’s voice, and decided to make her a star.[27] In 1981, he mortgaged his home to fund her first record, La voix du bon Dieu (“The Voice of the Good God”), which later became a local number-one hit and made Dion an instant star in Quebec. Her popularity spread to other parts of the world when she competed in the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo, Japan, and won the musician’s award for “Top Performer” as well as the gold medal for “Best Song” with “Tellement j’ai d’amour pour toi” (“I Have So Much Love for You”).[5]

By 1983, in addition to becoming the first Canadian artist to receive a gold record in France for the single “D’amour ou d’amitié” (“Of Love or of Friendship”), Dion had also won several Félix Awards, including “Best Female performer” and “Discovery of the Year”.[5][30] Further success in Europe, Asia, and Australia came when Dion represented Switzerland in the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest with the song Ne partez pas sans moi (Don’t Go Without Me) and won the contest by a close margin in Dublin, Ireland.[31] However, American success was yet to come, partly because she was exclusively a Francophone artist.[32] At eighteen, after seeing a Michael Jackson performance, Dion told Angélil that she wanted to be a star like Jackson.[33] Though confident in her talent, Angélil realized that her image needed to be changed in order for her to be marketed worldwide.[27] Dion receded from the spotlight for a number of months, during which she underwent dental surgery to improve her appearance, and was sent to the École Berlitz in 1989 to polish her English.[6]

In 1989, during a concert on Incognito Tour, Dion injured her voice. She consulted the otorhinolaryngologist William Gould.[34][35] He gave her an ultimatum: have surgery on her vocal cords, or not utilize them at all for three weeks.[34] Dion chose the latter and underwent a vocal formation with William Riley,[34][35] because, according to Gould and Riley, she “doesn’t know sing, she makes a bad use of her vocal cords”.[34][35]

Career breakthrough: 1990–1992

Two years after she had learned English, Dion made her debut into the Anglophone market with Unison (1990), the lead single having originally been recorded by Laura Branigan.[5] She incorporated the help of many established musicians, including Vito Luprano and Canadian producer David Foster.[15] The album was largely influenced by 1980s soft rock music that quickly found a niche within the adult contemporary radio format. Unison also hit the right notes with critics: Jim Faber of Entertainment Weekly wrote that Dion’s vocals were “tastefully unadorned”, and that she never attempted to “bring off styles that are beyond her”.[36] Stephen Erlewine of Allmusic declared it as, “a fine, sophisticated American debut.”[37] Singles from the album included “(If There Was) Any Other Way“, “The Last to Know“, “Unison“, and “Where Does My Heart Beat Now“, a mid-tempo soft-rock ballad which made prominent use of the electric guitar. The latter became her first single to reach the top 10 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number four. The album established Dion as a rising singer in the United States, and across Continental Europe and Asia.

In 1991, Dion was also a soloist in Voices That Care, a tribute to American troops fighting in Operation Desert Storm. Dion’s real international breakthrough came when she duetted with Peabo Bryson on the title track to Disney‘s animated film Beauty and the Beast (1991).[7] The song captured a musical style that Dion would utilize in the future: sweeping, classically influenced ballads with soft instrumentation. Both a critical and commercial hit, the song became her second U.S. top ten single, and won the Academy Award for Best Song, and the Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.[15]Beauty and the Beast” was featured on Dion’s 1992 self-titled album, which, like her debut, had a strong rock influence combined with elements of soul and classical music. Owing to the success of the lead-off single and her collaboration with Foster and Diane Warren, the album was as well received as Unison. Other singles that achieved moderate success included “If You Asked Me To” (a cover of Patti LaBelle‘s song from the 1989 movie Licence to Kill) which peaked at number four on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, the gospel-tinged “Love Can Move Mountains“, and “Nothing Broken But My Heart“.

As with Dion’s earlier releases, the album had an overtone of love. Also during this time, Dion released the Francophone album Dion chante Plamondon in 1991. The album consisted mostly of covers, but included 4 new songs, which included “Des mots qui sonnent“, “Je danse dans ma tête“, “Quelqu’un que j’aime, quelqu’un qui m’aime” and “L’amour existe encore“. It was originally released in Canada and France during the 1991–1992 period, but then got an international release in 1994, the first French Celine Dion album to do so. “Un garçon pas comme les autres (Ziggy)” became a smash hit in France, reaching number 2 and being certified gold. In Quebec, the album was certified Gold the day it was released. To date, Dion chante Plamondon has sold 1.5 million records worldwide.

By 1992 Unison, Céline Dion, and media appearances had propelled Dion to superstardom in North America. She had achieved one of her main objectives: wedging her way into the Anglophone market and achieving fame.[32] However, while she was experiencing rising success in the U.S., her French fans in Canada criticized her for neglecting them.[15][38] She would later regain her fan base at the Félix Award show, where, after winning “English Artist of the Year”, she openly refused to accept the award. She asserted that she was—and would always be—a French, not an English, artist.[6][39] Apart from her commercial success, there were also changes in Dion’s personal life, as Angélil, who was twenty-six years her senior, transitioned from manager to lover. However, the relationship was kept a secret as they both feared that the public would find their relations inappropriate.[40]

Popularity established: 1993–1995

In 1993, Dion announced her feelings for her manager by declaring him “the colour of [her] love” in the dedication section of her third English-language album The Colour of My Love. However, instead of criticizing their relationship as Dion had feared, fans embraced the couple.[15] Eventually, Angélil and Dion married in an extravagant wedding ceremony in December 1994, which was broadcast live on Canadian television.

As it was dedicated to her manager, the album’s motif focused on love and romance.[41] It became her most successful record up to that point, selling more than six million copies in the U.S., two million in Canada, and peaking at number-one in many countries. The album also spawned Dion’s first U.S., Canadian, and Australian number-one single “The Power of Love” (a remake of Jennifer Rush‘s 1985 hit), which would become her signature hit until she reached new career heights in the late 1990s.[32] The single “When I Fall in Love“, a duet with Clive Griffin, achieved moderate success on the U.S. and Canadian charts, and was nominated for two Grammy Awards, winning one. The Colour of My Love also became Dion’s first major hit in Europe, and in particular the United Kingdom. Both the album and the single “Think Twice” simultaneously occupied the top of the British charts for five consecutive weeks. “Think Twice”, which remained at number one for seven weeks, eventually became the fourth single by a female artist to sell in excess of one million copies in the UK,[42] while the album was eventually certified five-times platinum for two-million copies sold.[43]

Dion kept to her French roots and continued to release many Francophone recordings between each English record.[44] Generally, they achieved more credibility than her English-language works.[38] She released À l’Olympia, a live album that was recorded during one of Dion’s concerts at the Olympia Theatre in Paris, in 1994. It had one promotional single, a live version of “Calling You“, which peaked at seventy-five on the French Singles Chart. She also recorded a bilingual version of Petit Papa Noël with Alvin and the Chipmunks for the 1994 holiday album A Very Merry Chipmunk. D’eux (also known as The French Album in the United States), was released in 1995, and it would go on to become the best-selling French-language album of all time.[44] The album was mostly written and produced by Jean-Jacques Goldman, and amassed huge success with the singles “Pour que tu m’aimes encore” and “Je sais pas“. “Pour que tu m’aimes encore” reached number 1 in France and stayed at the top position for twelve weeks. It was later certified Platinum in France.[45] The single also reached the top ten in the UK and Ireland, a rare accomplishment for a French song. The second single off the album, “Je sais pas”, reached number one on the French Singles Chart as well and was certified Silver in France.[46] These songs would later become “If That’s What It Takes” and “I Don’t Know” on Dion’s next English album, Falling into You.

During the mid-1990s, Dion’s albums continued to be constructed on the basis of melodramatic ballads, but also with up-tempo pop and adult contemporary themed music.[47] She collaborated with talented craftsman such as Jim Steinman and David Foster who helped her devise more adult contemporary songs.[48][49] While critical reviews fluctuated, Dion’s releases performed increasingly well on the international charts, and in 1996 she won the World Music Award for “World’s Best-selling Canadian Female Recording Artist of the Year” for the third time. By the mid-1990s, she had established herself as one of the best-selling artists in the world.[50]

Worldwide commercial success: 1996–1999

Falling into You (1996), Dion’s fourth English-language album, presented the singer at the height of her popularity, and showed a further progression of her music.[40] In an attempt to reach a wider audience, the album combined many elements, such as complex orchestral sounds, African chanting and elaborate musical effects. Additionally, instruments like the violin, Spanish guitar, trombone, the cavaquinho and saxophone created a new sound.[51] The singles encompassed a variety of musical styles. The title track “Falling into You” and “River Deep, Mountain High” (a Tina Turner cover) made prominent use of percussion instruments; “It’s All Coming Back to Me Now” (a remake of Jim Steinman‘s song) and a remake of Eric Carmen‘s “All by Myself” kept their soft-rock atmosphere, but were combined with the classical sound of the piano; and the number-one single “Because You Loved Me“, which was written by Diane Warren, was a ballad that served as the theme to the 1996 film Up Close & Personal.[50]

Falling into You garnered career-best reviews for Dion. While Dan Leroy wrote that it was not very different from her previous work,[52] and Stephen Holden of The New York Times and Natalie Nichols of the Los Angeles Times wrote that the album was formulaic,[53][54] other critics, such as Chuck Eddy of Entertainment Weekly, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AMG and Daniel Durchholz, lavished the album as “compelling”, “passionate”, “stylish”, “elegant” and “remarkably well-crafted”.[51][55] Falling Into You became Dion’s most critically and commercially successful album: it topped the charts in many countries and became one of the best-selling albums of all time.[56] In the United States, the album reached number-one,[57] and was later certified 11x Platinum for over 11 million copies shipped.[58] In Canada, the album was certified diamond for over one million copies shipped.[59] The IFPI certified Falling into You 9x Platinum, an accolade that has been given to only two other albums in history, with one of the two being Dion’s own album, Let’s Talk About Love.[60] The album also won Grammy Awards for Best Pop Album, and the academy’s highest honor Album of the Year.[61] Dion’s status on the world stage was further solidified when she was asked to perform “The Power of the Dream” at the opening ceremonies of the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games.[62] In March 1996, Dion launched the Falling into You Tour in support of her new album, giving concerts around the world for over a year.

Dion followed Falling into You with Let’s Talk About Love (1997), which was publicized as its sequel.[63] The recording process took place in London, New York City, and Los Angeles, and featured a host of special guests, such as Barbra Streisand on “Tell Him“; the Bee Gees on “Immortality“; and world-renowned tenor Luciano Pavarotti on “I Hate You Then I Love You“.[40][64] Other musicians included Carole King, Sir George Martin, Bryan Adams and Jamaican singer Diana King, who added a reggae tinge to “Treat Her Like a Lady“.[65] As with Falling into You, Let’s Talk About Love was a major success for Dion, reaching number-one all over the world, attaining platinum status in twenty-four sales territories, and becoming Dion’s fastest selling album of her career.[66] In the United States, the album topped the chart in its seventh week of release,[67] and was later certified 10x Platinum in the U.S. for over 10 million copies shipped.[68] In Canada, the album sold 230,212 copies in its first week of release, which became, and still is, a record.[69] It was eventually certified diamond in Canada for over 1 million copies shipped.[70][71] The most successful single from the album became the classically influenced ballad “My Heart Will Go On“, which was written and composed by James Horner and Will Jennings, and produced by Horner and Walter Afanasieff.[61] Serving as the love theme for the 1997 blockbuster film Titanic, the song topped the charts across the world, and became Dion’s signature song;[72] as well as winning the Academy Award and Golden Globe for Best Original Song.[73] The song also gave Dion two Grammy Awards for “Best Female Pop Vocal Performance” and the most coveted “Record of the Year“, (the song itself won four awards, but two were presented to the songwriters).[74] “My Heart Will Go On” and “Think Twice” made her the only female artist in the UK to have two singles to sell more than a million copies.[75] In support of her album, Dion embarked on the Let’s Talk About Love Tour between 1998 and 1999.[76]

Dion ended the 1990s with three more extremely successful albums—the Christmas album These Are Special Times (1998), the French-language album, S’il suffisait d’aimer, and the compilation album All the Way… A Decade of Song (1999).[77] On These Are Special Times, Dion became more involved in the writing process. She co-wrote the song, Don’t Save It All For Christmas Day along with Ric Wake and Peter Zizzo. The album was her most classically influenced yet, with orchestral arrangements found on virtually every track.[78]I’m Your Angel“, a duet with R. Kelly, became Dion’s fourth U.S. number one single, and another hit single across the world. All the Way… A Decade of Song drew together her most successful hits coupled with seven new songs, including the lead off single “That’s the Way It Is“, a cover of Roberta Flack‘s “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face“, and “All the Way“, a duet with Frank Sinatra.[77] The album itself was also extremely successful worldwide, reaching number-one in the United States for three weeks.[57] The album was later certified 7x Platinum in the U.S. for 7 million copies shipped.[79] All the Way… A Decade of Song also topped the charts in the UK,[80] Canada,[81] and Australia.[82] Her last French-language studio album of the 1990s, S’il suffisait d’aimer, was very successful as well, topping the charts in every major French-speaking country, including France,[83] Switzerland,[84] Belgium Wallonia,[85] and Canada.[81] In France, the album was certified diamond, selling 1.5 million copies.[86] By the end of the 1990s, Celine Dion had sold more than 100 million albums worldwide, and had won a slew of industry awards.[9] Her status as one of the music industry’s biggest pop divas was further solidified when she was asked to perform on VH1‘s Divas Live special in 1998, with superstars Aretha Franklin, Gloria Estefan, Shania Twain and Mariah Carey.[87] That year she also received two of the highest honors from her home country: “Officer of the Order of Canada for Outstanding Contribution to the World of Contemporary Music” and “Officer of the National Order of Quebec“.[44] A year later she was inducted into the Canadian Broadcast Hall of Fame, and was honoured with a star on Canada’s Walk of Fame.[88]

During this time, the pop-rock genre that was more noticeable in her earlier releases, was replaced by a more adult contemporary feel.[63] However, the theme of “love” remained in most of her releases, which led to some critics dismissing her music as banal.[89] Other critics, like Elysa Gardner and Jose F. Promis, praised her vocals during this period, describing it as a “technical marvel”.[90][91] However, others, like Steve Dollar, who reviewed These Are Special Times, stated that Dion is a “vocal Olympian for whom there ain’t no mountain—or scale—high enough.”[92]

Career break: 2000–2002

After releasing and promoting thirteen albums during the 1990s, Dion stated that she needed to settle down, and announced on her latest album All the Way… A Decade of Song, that she needed to take a step back from the spotlight and enjoy life.[10][93] Angélil’s diagnosis with throat cancer also prompted her to hiatus.[94] While on break, Dion was unable to escape the spotlight. In 2000, the National Enquirer published a false story about the singer. Brandishing a picture of Dion and her husband, the magazine misquoted Dion, printing the headline, “Celine — ‘I’m Pregnant With Twins!’”[95] Dion later sued the magazine for more than twenty million dollars.[96] The editors of the Enquirer printed an apology and a full retraction to Dion in the next issue, and donated money to the American Cancer Society in honor of Dion and her husband. A year after the incident, after undergoing fertility treatments, Dion gave birth to a son, René-Charles Dion Angélil, on January 25, 2001, in Florida.[97][98] Following the September 11, 2001, attacks, Dion returned to the music scene, and in a televised performance sang “God Bless America” at the benefit concert America: A Tribute to Heroes. Chuck Taylor of Billboard wrote, “the performance… brings to mind what has made her one of the celebrated vocalists of our time: the ability to render emotion that shakes the soul. Affecting, meaningful, and filled with grace, this is a musical reflection to share with all of us still searching for ways to cope.”[99] In December 2001, Dion published her autobiography, My Story, My Dream which chronicled her rags to riches story.[100]

Return to music: 2002–2003

Dion performing “God Bless America” with members of the Band of the U.S. Air Force Reserve, 2002.

Dion’s aptly titled A New Day Has Come, released in March 2002, ended her three-year break from the music industry. The album was Dion’s most personal yet, and established a more mature side of Dion with the songs “A New Day Has Come“, “I’m Alive“, and “Goodbye’s (The Saddest Word)“, a change that resulted from her new-found maternal responsibilities, because, in her own words, “becoming a mother makes you a grown-up.”[101] She stated, “A New Day Has Come, for Rene, for me, is the baby. It has everything to do with the baby…That song “A New Day Has Come” represents very well the mood I’m feeling right now. It represents the whole album.”[11] A New Day Has Come debuted at number one in over 17 countries, including the United Kingdom and Canada.[102][103][104] In the United States, the album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, with first week sales of 527,000 copies; marking her first number one debut on the chart.[105] It was eventually certified 3x Platinum in the United States,[106] and 6x Platinum in Canada.[107]

While the album was commercially successful, critical reviews suggested that it was “forgettable” and the lyrics were “lifeless”.[108] Both Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone magazine, and Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly, stated that Dion’s music had not matured during her break, and classed her music as trite and mediocre.[109][110] Sal Cinquemani of Slant magazine called the album “a lengthy collection of drippy, gooey pop fluffer-nutter.”[111] The first single off the album, A New Day Has Come peaked at #22 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, being an airplay-only release. On the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks, however the song spent 21 consecutive weeks at number 1, breaking the record for the longest span at the top.[112] The previous record holders were Phil CollinsYou’ll Be in My Heart and Dion’s own Because You Loved Me, both of which lasted nineteen weeks at number 1. During 2002, she performed for many benefit concerts, the famous VH1 Divas Live, a concert to benefit the VH1 Save The Music Foundation, alongside Cher, Anastacia, Dixie Chicks, Mary J. Blige, Whitney Houston, Cyndi Lauper, Shakira and Stevie Nicks.

Drawing inspiration from personal experiences, Dion released One Heart (2003), an album that represented her appreciation for life.[113] The album largely consisted of dance music—a deviation from the soaring, melodramatic ballads, for which she had once been given mixed reception. Although the album achieved moderate success, One Heart was met with mixed criticism, and words such as “predictable” and “banal” appeared even in the most lenient reviews.[114][115] A cover of the 1989 Cyndi Lauper hit “I Drove All Night“, released to launch her new advertising campaign with Chrysler,[116] incorporated dance-pop and rock and roll. The advertising deal itself, however was met with mixed criticism, with some stating that Dion was trying to please her sponsors.[117] However, people like Bonita Stewart, who was the director of Chrysler Group Marketing Communications stated that “Chrysler was taken by how her appeal crossed ethnic lines.” She also added, “She brings sophistication, refinement, romance and passion to the brand.”[118]

After One Heart, Dion released her next English Language studio album, Miracle (2004). Miracle was a multimedia project conceived by Dion and photographer Anne Geddes, and had a theme centering on babies and motherhood. The album was filled with lullabies and other songs of maternal love and inspiration, the two most popular being covers of Louis Armstrong‘s “What a Wonderful World” and John Lennon‘s “Beautiful Boy“. The reviews for Miracle were mixed.[119] Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic.com gave the album three of out five stars, stating, “The worst you can say about the record is that there are no surprises, but the audience for this record doesn’t want surprises; they want comfort, whether it arrives in polished music or artsy photos of newborns, and Miracle provides both, which makes it appealing for those expectant or new mothers in Dion’s audience.[119] Chuck Taylor of Billboard magazine wrote that the single “Beautiful Boy” was “an unexpected gem” and called Dion “a timeless, enormously versatile artist”,[120] Chuck Arnold of People Magazine, however, labeled the album as excessively sentimental,[121] while Nancy Miller of Entertainment Weekly opined that “the whole earth-mama act is just opportunism, reborn”.[122] Miracle debuted at number four on the Billboard 200 chart and number one in Canada , and was eventually certified platinum by the RIAA.[123]

The Francophone album 1 fille & 4 types (1 Girl & 4 Guys), released in October 2003, fared better than her first two releases, and showed Dion trying to distance herself from the “diva” image. She recruited Jean-Jacques Goldman, Gildas Arzel, Eric Benzi, and Jacques Veneruso, with whom she had previously worked on two of her best-selling French albums S’il suffisait d’aimer and D’eux. Labeled “the album of pleasure” by Dion herself, the album cover showed Dion in a simple and relaxed manner, contrary to the choreographed poses usually found on her album covers. The album achieved widespread commercial success in France, Canada, and Belgium where it reached number one. In France, the album debuted at number one and was later certified 2x platinum after selling over 700,000 copies. Critic, Stephen Erlewine of AllMusic wrote that Dion’s vocals “are back at top of their game” and that she was “getting back to pop basics and performing at a level unheard in a while.”[124]

Though her albums were commercially successful, they did not achieve the sales or the reception of her previous works. Albums like The Collector’s Series, Volume One (2000), and One Heart (2003) did not perform as well critically.[114][114] Her songs received less airplay as radio became less embracing of balladeers like Dion, Carey, and Houston, and was focused on more up-tempo, Urban/Hip-hop songs.[125] However, by 2004, Dion had accumulated sales of more than 175 million albums worldwide, and received the Chopard Diamond Award from the World Music Awards for her achievements.[126] According to the official World Music Awards website, the award is rare; it’s not even “presented every year” and an artist can only be presented with the award for selling “over 100 million albums during their career.”[127]

A New Day… Live in Las Vegas: 2003–2007

In early 2002 Dion had announced a three-year, 600-show contract to appear five nights a week in an entertainment extravaganza, A New Day…, at The Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas.[12] This move was seen as “one of the smartest business decisions in years by any major recording artist”.[128] She conceived the idea for the show after seeing O by Franco Dragone early in her break from recording, and began on March 25, 2003, in a 4,000-seat arena designed for her show.[12] Many stars attended opening night including Dick Clark, Alan Thicke, Kathy Griffin, and Justin Timberlake, who hosted the television special.[129] The show, put together by Dragone, was a combination of dance, music, and visual effects. It included Dion performing her biggest hits against an array of dancers and special effects. Reviewer Mike Weatherford felt that, at first, Dion was not as relaxed as she should be, and at times, it was hard to find the singer among the excessive stage ornamentations and dancers. However, he noted that the show had become more enjoyable, due to Dion’s improved stage-presence and simpler costumes.[72]

The show was also well-received by audiences, despite the complaints of expensive tickets; the show routinely sold out until its end in late 2007.[130] Ticket prices averaged $135.33.[131] The show was choreographed by Mia Michaels, who is a world renowned choreographer. According to Pollstar, Dion sold 322,000 tickets and grossed US$43.9 million in the first half of 2005, and by July 2005, she had sold out 315 out of 384 shows.[132] By the end of 2005, Dion grossed more than US$76 million, placing sixth on Billboard’s Money Makers list for 2005.[133] A New Day… was the 6th biggest selling tour in America in 2006.[134] Because of the show’s success, Dion’s contract was extended into 2007 for an undisclosed sum. On January 5, 2007 it was announced that the show would end on December 15, 2007, with tickets for the period after October 2007 having gone on sale from March 1.[135] During its entire run, the show accumulated a total gross of $400 million, while being seen by nearly 3 million fans.[136][137] The Live in Las Vegas – A New Day… DVD was released on December 10, 2007 in Europe and the following day in North America.[138]

Back to studio and world tour: 2007–2009

Céline Dion on stage with her dancers performing River Deep Mountain High on the “Taking Chances World Tour” in September 2008 at the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, NY on Long Island

Dion’s latest French language album, D’elles (About Them), released on May 21, 2007, debuted at the top of the Canadian album charts, selling 72,200 copies in its first week. It marked her tenth number-one album in the SoundScan era, and her eighth to debut at the top position. In Canada, the album has been certified 2× platinum, and within the first week had already shipped half a million units worldwide.[139] D’Elles also reached No. 1 in France and Belgium. The first single “Et s’il n’en restait qu’une (je serais celle-là)” (meaning “And If There Was Only One Woman Left (I Would Be That One)”) debuted at the top of the French singles chart a month earlier. She released her latest English album Taking Chances on November 12 in Europe, and on the November 13 in North America.[140] Her first English studio album since 2003′s One Heart, it features pop, R&B, and rock inspired music.[141] Dion has collaborated with John Shanks and ex-Evanescence guitarist Ben Moody, as well as Kristian Lundin, Peer Astrom, Linda Perry, Japanese singer Yuna Ito, and R&B singer-songwriter Ne-Yo.[142][143] Dion stated, “I think this album represents a positive evolution in my career … I’m feeling strong, maybe a little gutsier than in the past, and just as passionate about music and life as I ever was.”[144] She launched her year-long worldwide Taking Chances Tour on February 14, 2008 in South Africa, performing 132 dates in stadiums and arenas across five continents.[145]

The Taking Chances Tour was a great success in the United States, reaching the Number 1 spot on the Billboard Boxscore and it sold out every concert in the U.S. and Canada. In addition, she appeared on Idol Gives Back for a second year in a row. Céline Dion was nominated for six Juno Awards in 2008, leading the group of Canadians to receive this honour,and adding to her 53 previous nominations. Her nominations included Artist of the Year, Pop Album of the Year (for Taking Chances), Francophone Album of the Year (for D’elles) and Album of the Year (for both Taking Chances and D’elles).[146] The following year, Dion was nominated for 3 Juno Awards including the Fan Choice Award, Song of the Year (for Taking Chances), and Music DVD of the Year (for Live in Las Vegas — A New Day…)[147]

Céline Dion on stage performing Eyes On Me in Montréal, Canada, August 2008

On August 22, 2008, Celine Dion presented a free show, exclusively francophone,[148] outside on the Plains of Abraham, in Quebec City, Canada, for the 400th anniversary of Quebec City.[149] The celebration gathered approximately 490,000 people (total with TV broadcast). The concert, called Céline sur les Plaines, was released on DVD on November 11, 2008 in Quebec and was released on May 20, 2009 in France.[150] The end of October saw the worldwide release of her first ever comprehensive English greatest hits album called My Love: Essential Collection,[151] available in two different album formats.

In May 2009, Celine Dion was named the 20th best-selling artist of the decade in the United States and the second-best-selling female artist of the decade in the United States, selling an estimated 17.57 million albums.[152] In June 2009, Forbes Magazine reported that Dion earned $100 million during 2008. In December 2009, Pollstar announced that Dion was the best-selling solo touring act of the decade and the second-best-selling touring act of the decade, only to the Dave Matthews Band.[153] Dion grossed $522.2 million during the decade, a large sum of that coming from her five-year residence at Caesars Palace.[153]

Concert film and video release: late 2009–2010

On February 17, 2010 Dion released into theatres a documentary film about her Taking Chances Tour, titled, Celine: Through the Eyes of the World.[154] The documentary shows behind-the-scenes footage of Dion both onstage and offstage, along with footage of Dion with her family as they traveled with her.[154] The distributor is the Sony Pictures subsidiary, Hot Ticket.[154] The film was later released on Blu-ray and DVD on May 4, 2010, along with the CD/DVD, Taking Chances World Tour: The Concert, which chronicled her world tour of the same name.[155][156]

In January 2010, The Los Angeles Times presented its annual list of the top ten largest earners of the year, and revealed that Celine Dion took the top spot for the entire decade, with $US747.9 million in total revenue from 2000-2009.[157] The largest haul came in from ticket sales, totaling $522.2 million.[157] Additionally, Dion was named “Artist of the Decade” in her native Canadian province of Quebec, announced by the Montreal-based newspaper, Le Journal de Quebec in 2009 December.[158] A public online survey asked responders to vote for who they believe deserved the above-mentioned accolade.[158]

Furthermore, in a May 2010 Harris Poll, Dion was named the most popular musician in the United States, ahead of U2, Elvis Presley, and The Beatles, while factoring in gender, political affiliations, geographic region of residence, and income.[159] Specifically, Dion was the most popular musician in the female demographic, as well as among all Democrats, those who live in the eastern United States and southern United States, and those who have incomes between US$35k and US$74.9k.[160][161]

In September 2010, she released the single “Voler“, a duet with French singer Michel Sardou. The song was later included on Sardou’s album.[162] In addition, it was announced in October 2010 that Dion wrote and composed a new song for Canadian singer, Marc Dupré entitled “Entre deux mondes”.[163]

New Las Vegas show: 2011–present

In an interview with People Magazine published in February 2010, Dion announced that she will be returning to Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for Celine, a three-year residency for seventy shows a year, beginning March 15, 2011.[164] She stated that the show will feature, “all the songs from my repertoire that people want to hear” and will contain a selection of music from classic Hollywood films.[164] Dion has also announced that she is working on two new studio albums, in French and English.[165]

In preparation for her return to Las Vegas, Dion, on February 21st made an appearance on the “Oprah Winfrey Show” during the show’s final season, and spoke about her upcoming Caesars Palace shows, as well as her family.[166] Additionally, for a record sixth time, Dion performed at the 83rd Academy Awards, where she sang the song “Smile,” as part of the ceremony’s “In Memoriam” segment.[167]

Personal life

Dion first met her husband and manager, Rene Angelil in 1980, when she was 12 and he was 38, after she and her mother sent him a demo tape of a song they had written. They began a relationship in 1987, and became engaged in 1991. They married on December 17, 1994, at the Notre-Dame Basilica in Montreal, Quebec. On January 5, 2000, Dion and Angelil renewed their wedding vows in Las Vegas.

In May 2000, Dion had two small operations at a fertility clinic in New York to improve her chances of conceiving, after deciding to use in-vitro fertilisation after years of failed attempts to conceive. Their first child, Rene-Charles Angelil, was born on January 25, 2001. In May 2010, Angelil announced that Dion was 14 weeks pregnant with twins after a sixth treatment of in-vitro fertilisation. On Saturday, October 23, 2010, at 11:11 and 11:12am respectively, at St. Mary’s Medical Center in West Palm Beach, Florida, Dion, by Caesarean section, gave birth to two healthy fraternal twins weighing 5 pounds 10 ounces and 5 pounds 4 ounces.[168] The twins were named Eddy, after Dion’s favorite Algerian songwriter Eddy Marnay, and Nelson, after former South African President Nelson Mandela.[169] Dion appeared with her new born sons on the cover of the December 9, 2010 issue of the Canadian edition of Hello! magazine.[170]

On 15 October 2010, Céline Dion was nominated Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Artistry and image

Dion grew up listening to the music of Aretha Franklin, Michael Jackson, Carole King, Anne Murray, Barbra Streisand, and the Bee Gees, all of whom she would eventually collaborate with.[171][172] Dion has also stated she grew up listening to artists such as Janis Joplin, the Doobie Brothers, and Creedence Clearwater Revival, but never got the chance to sing their genre of music. She also was inspired by fellow vocalist Whitney Houston, whom Dion has often been compared to.[173] Her music has been influenced by numerous genres, including pop, rock, gospel, R&B and soul, and her lyrics focus on themes of poverty, world hunger, and spirituality, with an emphasis on love and romance.[41][174] After the birth of her child, her work also began to emphasize maternal bond and brotherly love.[119][175][176][177]

Dion has faced considerable criticism from many critics, who state that her music often retreats behind pop and soul conventions, and is marked by excessive sentimentality.[6][89][178] According to Keith Harris of Rolling Stone magazine, “[Dion's] sentimentality is bombastic and defiant rather than demure and retiring….[she] stands at the end of the chain of drastic devolution that goes Aretha-Whitney-Mariah. Far from being an aberration, Dion actually stands as a symbol of a certain kind of pop sensibility—bigger is better, too much is never enough, and the riper the emotion the more true.”[179] Dion’s francophone releases, by contrast, tend to be deeper and more varied than her English releases, and consequently have achieved more credibility.[38][180]

Many critics have stated that Dion’s involvement in the production aspect of her music is fundamentally lacking, which results in her work being overproduced[180] and impersonal.[38] However, coming from a family in which all of her siblings were musicians, she learned to play instruments like piano and guitar, and practiced with a Fender Stratocaster during the recording sessions of her album, Falling into You. [182] Also, she helped to compose many of her earlier French songs, and had always tried to involve herself with the production and recording of her albums. On her first English album, which she recorded before she had a firm command of the English language, she expressed disapproval of the record, which could have been avoided if she had assumed more creative input.[38] By the time she released her second English album Celine Dion, she had assumed more control of the production and recording process, hoping to dispel earlier criticisms. She stated, “On the second album I said, ‘Well, I have the choice to be afraid one more time and not be 100% happy, or not be afraid and be part of this album.’ This is my album.”[38] She would continue to involve herself in the production of subsequent releases, helping to write a few of her songs on Let’s Talk About Love (1997) and These Are Special Times (1998).[2]

Dion is often the subject of media ridicule[183] and parody, and is frequently impersonated on shows like MADtv, Saturday Night Live, South Park, Royal Canadian Air Farce and This Hour Has 22 Minutes for her strong accent and on-stage movements. However, Dion has stated that she is unaffected by the comments, and is flattered that people take the time to impersonate her.[101] She even invited Ana Gasteyer, who parodied her on SNL, to appear on stage during one of her performances. While she is rarely politically outspoken, in 2005 following the Hurricane Katrina disaster, Dion appeared on Larry King Live and tearfully criticized the U.S. government‘s slow response in aiding the victims of the hurricane: “There’s people still there waiting to be rescued. To me that is not acceptable…How can it be so easy to send planes in another country to kill everybody in a second and destroy lives. We need to serve our country.”[184] After her interview, she stated, “When I do interviews with Larry King or the big TV shows like that, they put you on the spot, which is very difficult. I do have an opinion, but I’m a singer. I’m not a politician.”[185]

Voice

According to various sources, Celine Dion possesses a soprano vocal range that spans five octaves[186][187][188][189] and is often regarded as one of pop music’s most influential voices.[6][38][190] She has been described as a reigning “Queen of Pop” for her influence over the record industry during the 1990s, alongside other female entertainers, including Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey.[191] In a countdown of the “22 Greatest Voices in Music” by Blender Magazine and MTV, she placed ninth (sixth for a female), and she was also placed fourth in Cove magazine’s list of “The 100 Outstanding Pop Vocalists.”[17][192][193] Dion is often compared to Mariah Carey for her vocal style and to her idol, Barbra Streisand for her voice.[194] She is often praised for her technical virtuosity.[188][195][196] The New York Times expressed similar sentiments, stating, “Ms. Dion [...] is a belter with a high, thin, slightly nasal, nearly vibratoless soprano and a good-sized arsenal of technical skills. She can deliver tricky melismas, produce expressive vocal catches and sustain long notes without the tiniest wavering of pitch. And as her duets [...] have shown, she is a reliable harmony voice.”[197]

Charles Alexander of Time adds, “[Her] voice glides effortlessly from deep whispers to dead-on high notes, a sweet siren that combines force with grace.”[32] And, according to Kent Nagano, maestro of the Munich Symphony Orchestra, Dion is “a musician who has a good ear, a refinement, and a degree of perfection that is envious.”[198]

In her French repertoire, Dion adorns her vocals with more nuances and modulations, with the emotional intensity being “more tender and intimate.”[199] Additionally, Luc Plamondon, a French singer-songwriter who has written several works for Dion states that there are three “singers” that Dion uses: the Québécois, the French, and the English.[199] Regarding her timbre, mezzo-soprano, Cecilia Bartoli and soprano, Joan Sutherland state that it is “thin” and has a “generally fast vibrato,” with the low register being homogeneous and the middle register being “tight.”[200][201] They also expressed that she has a very good legato.[200][201] In an interview with Libération, Jean-Jacques Goldman, who has also written several works for Dion, states that he has “never worked with a person on such a technical level” and expressed that she has “no problem of accuracy or tempo.”[202]

Other activities

Celine Dion’s stars on Canada’s Walk of Fame and the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Dion became an entrepreneur with the establishment of her franchise restaurant, Nickels in 1990. She has since divested her interests in the chain and is no longer affiliated with Nickels, as of 1997. In 2003, Dion signed a deal with Coty, Inc. to release Celine Dion Parfums.[203] Her latest fragrance, Pure Brilliance is scheduled to be released in September 2010.[204][dated info] Since its inception, Celine Dion Parfums has grossed over $850 million in retail sales.[205][206] In October 2004, Canada’s flag carrier airline, Air Canada hired Dion as part of their promotional campaign to unveil new service products and an updated livery. “You and I“, the theme song sung by Dion, was written by advertising executives working for Air Canada.[207]

Dion has actively supported many charity organizations, worldwide. She has promoted the Canadian Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CCFF) since 1982, and became the foundation’s National Celebrity Patron in 1993.[208] She has an emotional attachment to the foundation; her niece Karine succumbed to the disease at the age of sixteen. In 2003, Dion joined a number of other celebrities, athletes, and politicians, including Josh Groban and Yolanda Adams to support “World Children’s Day”, a global fundraising effort sponsored by McDonald’s. The effort raised money from more than 100 nations and benefited orphanages and children’s health organizations. In addition, Dion has been a major supporter of the T.J. Martell Foundation, the Diana Princess of Wales Memorial Fund, and many health and educational campaigns. During the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Dion donated $1 million to the victims of the storm, and held a fund-raising event for the victims of the 2004 Asian Tsunami, which subsequently raised more than $1 million.[209] After the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Dion donated $100,000 to China Children & Teenagers’ Fund and sent a letter showing her consolation and support.[210]

In 1999, Dion received a star on Canada’s Walk of Fame and also a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in January 2004.[211][212] She dedicated her star to her father, who died the month prior. In 2007, Celine Dion was ranked by Forbes Magazine as the 5th richest woman in entertainment with an estimated net worth of US$250 million.[213] She also received France’s highest award, the Légion d’honneur, in May 2008. In August 2008, she received an honorary doctorate in music from the Université Laval in Quebec City.[214] In October 2010, Dion was named a Goodwill Ambassador, a program created by the United Nations in 1999. She shared this accolade with Oscar-winner, Susan Sarandon.[215]

Discography

Albums

English-language studio albums

French-language studio albums

Singles

Year Single Peak positions
CAN U.S. UK FRA
1990 Where Does My Heart Beat Now 6 4 72 20
1992 If You Asked Me To 3 4 57
Beauty and the Beast(duet with Peabo Bryson) 2 9 9
1993 The Power of Love 1 1 4 3
Un garçon pas comme les autres (Ziggy) 2
1994 Think Twice 14 95 1
1995 Pour que tu m’aimes encore 7 1
Je sais pas 1
Because You Loved Me 1 1 5 19
1996 It’s All Coming Back to Me Now 2 2 3 13
All by Myself 4 6 5
1997 Tell Him(duet with Barbra Streisand) 12 3 4
1998 The Reason 11 1
My Heart Will Go On 14 1 1 1
Immortality(duet with the Bee Gees) 5 15
I’m Your Angel(duet with R. Kelly) 37 1 3 97
S’il suffisait d’aimer 4
2000 I Want You to Need Me 1
2001 Sous le vent(duet with Garou) 14 1
2002 A New Day Has Come 2 22 7 23
2003 I Drove All Night 1 45 27 22
Tout l’or des hommes 2 3
2005 Je ne vous oublie pas 2
2007 Et s’il n’en restait qu’une (je serais celle-là) 1

Tours

Year Title Releases
1983–1984 Les chemins de ma maison tournée None
1985 C’est pour toi tournée Vinyl Céline Dion en concert
1988 Incognito tournée None
1990–1991 Unison Tour VHS Unison
1992–1993 Celine Dion Tour None
1994–1995 The Colour of My Love Tour VHS/DVD The Colour of My Love Concert; CD À l’Olympia
1995 D’eux Tour VHS/DVD Live à Paris; CD Live à Paris
1996–1997 Falling into You Tour VHS Live in Memphis
1998–1999 Let’s Talk About Love Tour VHS/DVD Au cœur du stade; CD Au cœur du stade
2003–2007 A New Day… DVD/BD Live in Las Vegas – A New Day…; CD A New Day… Live in Las Vegas
2008–2009 Taking Chances Tour DVD Céline sur les Plaines; DVD/BD Celine: Through the Eyes of the World; DVD/CD Taking Chances World Tour: The Concert
2011–2014 Celine

Filmography

See also

Notes

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  2. ^ a b Céline Dion signe le single de Marc Dupré : Ecoutez ’Entre deux mondes’ Evous.fr Retrieved 2010-12-20
  3. ^ René Angélil: the making of Céline Dion : the unauthorized biography Google Books Retrieved 2010-12-20
  4. ^ Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Celine Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Pub. p. 13. ISBN 0-7407-5559-5. http://books.google.ca/books?id=CAvRv-Myw08C&pg=PA13&dq=Celine+Dion+Le+Gardeur+hospital&hl=en&ei=fCBTTZCeD4aglAfolLnlCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=true. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
  5. ^ a b c d e Céline Dion Biography. “Canoe Jam!“. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
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  7. ^ a b Bliss, Karen. “25 Years of Canadian Artists.” Canadian Musician. March 1, 2004, p. 34. ISSN: 07089635
  8. ^ “Eurovision Winners”. Baltics Worldwide. 2007. http://www.pubquizhelp.com/ent/eurovision-past-winners.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
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  13. ^Celine Dion Releases 1st CD Since 1997“. (2002-04-15). Digital Journal Retrieved (2009-10-12)
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  20. ^ Up for Discussion Jump to Forums. “The Emancipation of Mimi – Mariah Carey”. Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/album/mariah-carey/emancipation-of-mimi/668708#/column-chartbeat/20-20-vision-mariah-marks-milestone-1004094895.story. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
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  137. ^ — (2007-12-15) “Celine Dion and A New Day… Cast to Make Final Curtain Call Tonight“. Reuters. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  138. ^ “Celine Dion debuts new single, “Taking Chances”… new Album and Worldwide tour, to come!”. Key Dates: December 11, 2007. http://www.celinedion.com/celinedion/english/whatsgoinon_pr.cgi?id=33. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
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  140. ^celinedion.com. “What’s Goin’ On. Taking Chances – Celine’s New English Album.” August 24, 2007. Retrieved May 9, 2007.
  141. ^ Eva Simpson; Caroline Hedley. “3AM: Celine Dion.” Daily Mirror. July 30, 2007. pg 17.
  142. ^ Johnson, Kevin C. “Ne-Yo Rides His R&B Vision to the Top.” Saint Louis Post-Dispatch. June 21, 2007. p. 5.
  143. ^ Taylor, Chuck. “Celine Ready To Take ‘Chances’ On New Album“. Billboard. September 11, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  144. ^Coming attractions: Dion channels cool, fiesty (sic) ‘Woman’“. USA Today. September 13, 2007.
  145. ^celinedion.com“. “Concert Dates”. Retrieved November 7, 2007.
  146. ^ Juno Awards. National Post. Retrieved April 3, 2008.
  147. ^ Collins, Leah (2009-02-03) “Nickelback leads Juno nominations“. Canada.com. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  148. ^ Céline Dion à Québec : Près de 250 000 personnes sur les Plaines, LCN. (See the reportage). Consulted on August 23, 2008.
  149. ^ “Céline Dion à Québec vendredi le 400e promet un spectacle mémorable”. Yahoo! news. 2008. http://www.cyberpresse.ca/arts/spectacles-et-theatre/200809/08/01-664111-quebec-se-prepare-a-accueillir-celine-dion.php. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  150. ^ Céline sur les Plaines : Un moment rempli d’émotions, LCN. Consulted on August 23, 2008.
  151. ^ “New Greatest Hits Album : TeamCeline Exclusive Sneak Peek!”. http://www.celinedion.com/celinedion/english/whatsgoinon.cgi. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
  152. ^ — (2009-05-29) “Chart Watch Extra: The Top 20 Album Sellers Of The 2000s“. music.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  153. ^ a b Dave Matthews Band rocks to the top in concert revenue Chicago Tribune’.’ Retrieved 2009-12-20.
  154. ^ a b c – (2009-12-03) “‘Eyes of the World’: Part Dion concert film, part family album“. www.usatoday.com Retrieved 2009-12-04
  155. ^ Celine: Through the Eyes of the World, an Expanded DVD Edition of the Acclaimed Documentary & Taking Chances World Tour: The Concert, a New Live DVD/CD, Available Tuesday, May 4. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
  156. ^ Celine Dion store. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
  157. ^ a b Celine Dion reaches peak of the decade’s Ultimate Top 10 Los Angeles Times’.’ Retrieved 2010-1-20.
  158. ^ a b Les artistes québécois de la décennie Le Journal de Quebec’.’ Retrieved 2010-1-29.
  159. ^ Celine Dion Is Americans’ Musical Fave AdWeek Retrieved 2010-12-07
  160. ^ Celine Dion is America’s Favorite Singer/Musician Followed by U2 NewsBlaze Retrieved 2010-07-12
  161. ^ Harris Poll: Celine Dion is America’s Favorite Singer/Musician Followed by U2 The Financial Retrieved 2010-12-07
  162. ^ VOLER Michel Sardou en duo avec Céline Dion Canoe.ca’.’ Retrieved 2010-09-26.
  163. ^ Marc Dupre: un nouvel extrait compose par Celine Dion Branchez-vous!’.’ Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  164. ^ a b Celine Dion Confirms Her Return to Vegas Stage People Magazine’.’ Retrieved 2010-2-10.
  165. ^ Celine Dion says new documentary a ‘VIP’ pass for fans; talks about being an ‘open book’ The Canadian Press’.’ Retrieved 2010-2-16.
  166. ^ Celine Dion discusses Las Vegas show, gives away tickets on ‘Oprah’ Las Vegas Sun Retrieved 2011-02-27
  167. ^ We Know Céline Dion’s Post-Baby Plans (Hint: Think Oscar!) E! Online Retrieved 2011-02-15
  168. ^ Celine Gives Birth to Twins!!. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
  169. ^ Celine Dion’s Twins Named Nelson and Eddy. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
  170. ^ Home. “HELLO! – The place for daily celebrity news”. hellomagazine.ca. http://www.hellomagazine.ca/magazine/cover-hello-canada-199.html. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
  171. ^ “Celine Dion Bio”. All Music Guide. 2009. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p4099. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  172. ^ “Celine Dion Remembers Her Idol, Michael Jackson”. Fox News. June 30, 2009. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,529505,00.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  173. ^ “Celine Dion is Taking Chances on new sound”. MSNBC. 2009. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21788746. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  174. ^Celine Dion, Let’s Talk About Love.” Plugged in.’.’ Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  175. ^ “Celine Dion”. plugged in.com. Focus on the Family. 2009. http://www.pluggedin.com/music/albums/2002/CelineDion-LetsTalkAboutLove.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  176. ^ “Celine Dion– One Heart”. plugged in.com. Focus on the Family. 2009. http://www.pluggedin.com/music/albums/2003/CelineDion-OneHeart.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  177. ^ “A new Day Has Come”. plugged in.com. Focus on the Family. 2009. http://www.pluggedin.com/music/albums/2002/CelineDion-ANewDayHasCome.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  178. ^ “Yahoo Music”. Let’s Talk About Love:Review. http://music.yahoo.com/read/review/12047272. Retrieved November 30, 2005.
  179. ^ The New Rolling Stone Album Guide 2004.
  180. ^ a b “The real Céline: Céline Dion’s new French album shows her personal side”. CBC. 2007. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/music/celinedion.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  181. ^ “Celine Dion returns cautiously to the pop arena”. Houston Chronicl. 2007. http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ent/5301364.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  182. ^ Depalma, Anthony (February 23, 1997). “Quebec’s Little Girl, Conquering the Globe”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/23/arts/quebec-s-little-girl-conquering-the-globe.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  183. ^ See, e.g., Joel Selvin, “Celine Dion in full force at HP Pavilion”, San Francisco Chronicle, 23 February 2009, E2. In this rather hostile review, Selvin wrote: “You want cheese? She is a Velveeta volcano.”
  184. ^ “Canadian Broadcasting Corporation”. Céline Dion takes swipe at Iraq war; donates $1 m to Katrina victims. http://blogs.lasvegasmagazine.com/VegasLuxeLife/our-celine-dion-countdown%E2%80%94just-12-shows-to-go/. Retrieved July 14, 2006.
  185. ^ Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Céline Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-5559-5.
  186. ^ The Unsinkable Celine Dion — Pop Diva Is On Top Of The World, And Not Even An Iceberg Could Stop Her Now Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  187. ^ By Marco R. della Cava, USA TODAY (2007-11-11). “Celine Dion is ‘Taking Chances’ with her latest show stopper ”USA Today” Retrieved 2009-12-31″. Usatoday.com. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2007-11-11-celine-dion_N.htm. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
  188. ^ a b Quebec’s Little Girl, Conquering the Globe New York Times’.’ Retrieved 2009-12-26.
  189. ^ People to Watch The Paim Beach Post News Retrieved 2011-02-20
  190. ^ Andersson, Eric. “Who Inspired the Idols?” Us. March 12, 2007. p. 104
  191. ^ “If Ella Fitzgerald is the queen of jazz, Billie Holiday first lady of the blues, and Aretha Franklin the queen of soul, then who is the queen of pop? In the 1990s, it would seem to be a three-way tie between Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, and Celine Dion. Certainly all three have their devotees and detractors, but their presence has been inescapable.” in Lister, Linda (2001). “Divafication: The Deification of Modern Female Pop Stars”. Popular Music and Society 25 (3/4): p. 1. ISSN 03007766
  192. ^ “MTV’s 22 Greatest Voices in Music”. mtv’s 22. http://www.listology.com/content_show.cfm/content_id.19522. Retrieved November 15, 2007.
  193. ^ 22 Greatest Voices in Music. Am I Annoying. Retrieved October 2, 2008.
  194. ^ Depalma, Anthony (1997-02-23). “POP/JAZZ – Quebec’s Little Girl, Conquering the Globe”. Quebec Province (Canada): NYTimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/23/arts/quebec-s-little-girl-conquering-the-globe.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
  195. ^ CROWD GOES NUTS OVER BLASE BOLTON Deseret News’.’ Retrieved 2009-12-26.
  196. ^ Celine Dion Takes Chances in Latest Album Philadelphia Daily Inquirer’.’ Retrieved 2010-10-23.
  197. ^ Holden, Stephen (1994-03-02). “Review/Pop – The International Sound of Celine Dion – Review”. NYTimes.com. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/03/02/arts/review-pop-the-international-sound-of-celine-dion.html?pagewanted=1. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
  198. ^ “Alain de Repentigny : Céline Dion chante de l’opéra pour Kent Nagano | Musique”. Cyberpresse.ca. http://www.cyberpresse.ca/arts/musique/200809/08/01-658078-celine-dion-chante-de-lopera-pour-kent-nagano.php. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
  199. ^ a b Denise Bombardier, L’énigmatique Céline Dion, Albin Michel XO éditions, 2009, page 179.
  200. ^ a b Music Educators’ National Committee Careers in Music (2001). p. 130.
  201. ^ a b Titze Ingo R (2008). “The human instrument”. Scientific American 298 (1): p. 178.
  202. ^ Hazera, Hélène (1995-03-20). “Céline Dion en VF”. Libération. http://www.liberation.fr/culture/0101135681-celine-dion-en-vf. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
  203. ^ Davis, Mari (2003-04-16) “Celine Dion Promotes Her Eponymous Perfume“. Fashion Windows. Retrieved 2009-08-12
  204. ^ Celine Dion to Launch New Perfume – Pure Brilliance AOL Style List’.’ Retrieved 2010-04-02.
  205. ^ Celine Dion to Launch Pure Brilliance Fragrance Women’s Wear Daily’.’ Retrieved 2010-04-02.
  206. ^ Celine Dion to Launch New Perfume – Pure Brilliance Style List’.’ Retrieved 2010-04-02.
  207. ^ Alberts, Sheldon. “A Canadian liftoff; Dion ‘flattered’ her Air Canada ad chosen as Clinton’s campaign song.” National Post. June 20, 2007. pg A3.
  208. ^ McLellan, Stephanie Simpson. “Celebrating the Mother-Child Bond.” Today’s Parent, p. 32. May 1, 2004.
  209. ^ Wray, James (January 12, 2005). “Celine Dion to Raise One Million for Tsunami Victims”. Monsters & Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/music/news/article_3487.php/Celine_Dion_to_Raise_One_Million_for_Tsunami_Victims. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  210. ^ Celine Dion Her letter to China Children & Teenagers’ Fund. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  211. ^ “In Brief”. Lakeland Ledger. 1999-04-25. http://news.google.ca/newspapers?id=RJwsAAAAIBAJ&sjid=__wDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5268,2468024&dq=celine+dion+canada%27s+walk+of+fame&hl=en. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  212. ^ — (2004-01-08) “Celine’s star dedicated to dad, and more“. CBConline. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  213. ^ “Oprah tops celebrity women list”. BBC News. January 19, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/6278145.stm. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  214. ^ She’s Dr. Dion now, courtesy of Laval U. Canada.com. Retrieved on September 7, 2008
  215. ^ Susan Sarandon, Celine Dion named hunger goodwill ambassadors USA Today’.’ Retrieved 2010-10-15.

References

Further reading

Rene Angelil by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

René Angélil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
René Angélil
Born January 16, 1942 (1942-01-16) (age 69)
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Occupation Singer, manager, director
Years active 1960-present
Spouse Denyse Duquette (1966-?) (div.)
Manon Kirouac (1974-?) (div.)
Céline Dion (1994-present)
Children 6

René Angélil, OQ (born January 16, 1942) is a Canadian singer and manager. He is the husband and manager of singer Céline Dion.[1] Angelil is viewed as being the main driving force behind Dion’s huge success.

Contents

[hide]

Career

Angelil started out as a pop singer in the 1960s in Montréal, Angélil formed a pop rock group, “The Baronets”, with childhood friends Pierre Labelle and Jean Beaulne. They were known as “Québec’s Smithtones“. This group had some hits in the 1960s as “C’est Fou, Mais C’est Tout” (a translation of the Beatles‘ song “Hold Me Tight”) catering to the short-lived Quebec market for translations of English-language pop hits from the United Kingdom or the United States. After the dissolution of the group, Angélil and best friend Guy Cloutier began managing artists.

Together they managed the career of two successful Québec entertainers René Simard and Ginette Reno, among many other pop stars of the time. They parted ways in 1981 to each become solo managers. At the end of 1981 (not long after being replaced as Ginette’s manager) René heard Céline Dion‘s demo tape. In 1987 and 1988, he won the Félix Award for Manager of the Year.

In July 2008, Angelil was named the director for the reality television show Star Academies fourth season, scheduled to start in February 2009.[2]

Personal life

Angelil was born in Montreal, Québec, Canada of a father of Syrian descent and a Canadian mother of Lebanese origin.[3] He is a Melkite Catholic and studied at College Saint-Viateur (high school), in Outremont and at College André-Grasset (post secondary), in Montreal. In 1966 he married his first wife, Denyse Duquette, mother of Patrick Angélil (born in 1968, same year as current wife Céline Dion). In 1974, he married singer Manon Kirouac, called Anne Renée on the stage[citation needed]: mother of Jean-Pierre Angélil (born in 1974) and Anne-Marie Angélil (born in 1977). On December 17, 1994, he married Céline Dion. Dion is 26 years younger than Angelil. Their son, René-Charles Dion Angélil, was born on January 25, 2001. On August 18, 2009, the couple announced that Dion was pregnant with their second child. It was announced three months later that this pregnancy failed. On May 30, 2010, Céline Dion’s representative announced that Dion was 14 weeks pregnant.[4] On October 23, 2010, Dion and Angelil welcomed twin boys. The boys were named Eddy, after Eddy Marnay, who produced Dion’s first five albums, and Nelson, after Nelson Mandela.

He suffered from throat cancer (resulting in Dion temporarily halting her career to be with him), but has recovered. He appeared in the video for Simple Plan‘s “Save You” as a survivor of cancer.

Angélil is fan of NHL hockey, and he is a good friend of former Colorado Avalanche president and general manager, Pierre Lacroix.[5]

Angélil is portrayed in an unauthorized TV Movie Biopic about Céline Dion by Toronto actor Enrico Colantoni.[6]

Extortion attempt

Angélil was accused by Yun Kyeong Kwon Sung of sexual assault stemming from a 2000 incident that took place in a Las Vegas hotel. These charges were later investigated by Las Vegas police. Although Mr. Angélil eventually paid the woman $2 million to settle, Mr. Angélil never admitted to doing anything wrong, always maintaining the settlement was to avoid negative publicity that might upset his wife Céline. Yun and her husband, Ae Ho Kwon, were later arrested in 2003 and charged with trying to extort money from Mr. Angélil over a false rape claim. Both individuals were convicted in 2005.[7] However, in early 2008, the Nevada Supreme Court reversed both the convictions of husband and wife as to the extortion and conspiracy charges, but upheld the jury verdict as to the charges of soliciting a bribe. The court held that they should have had a chance to produce evidence of rape against Angélil in their trial.

Defamation suits

In 2001 Angélil, along with his wife Céline Dion, filed a $5 million defamation lawsuit against Quebec tabloid Allo Vedettes’ for printing a story alleging the couple paid $5,000 to rent out the swimming pool of Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas so that Céline could sunbathe topless and René could go skinny dipping, allegations they strenuously denied. They later withdrew the case, saying it was not a priority in light of the terrorist events of 9/11.

Gambling fame

Angélil is an avid poker player, having qualified for the 2005 World Series of Poker Tournament of Champions, and finishing in the money at the 2007 Mirage Poker Showdown event on the World Poker Tour, a series of high stakes tournaments. Angélil is also rumored to be a dedicated gambler away from the poker table. He reportedly gambles upwards of $1 million a week at Caesar’s Palace, and keeps a line of credit for the same amount at Bellagio.[8][9]

A frenzy of speculation as to how much Angélil spends in casinos was created when Jan Jones, former Las Vegas mayor and high ranking executive at Harrah’s Communications, was quoted by a reporter from the London-based newspaper The Observer as saying, “Céline Dion’s husband is a big gambler. He probably gambles $1 million in a week, but he can afford to.” A retraction was later issued by Caesar’s Palace, which is owned by Harrah’s, stating that Jan Jones’ previous allegations were totally without merit.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Shepherd, Harvey (July 21, 2001). “Celine’s son a Greek Melkite like any other: Rene-Charles to receive a combined baptism, first communion, confirmation in Catholic ceremony”. The Gazette (Montreal, Quebec): pp. A6.
  2. ^ René Angelil prend la tête de l’académie, LCN, July 29, 2008
  3. ^ http://www.ledevoir.com/2007/03/24/136411.html
  4. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/canadianpress/article/ALeqM5hikMI53kNDcXDFT5WB7DFawBUxCw
  5. ^ Fleury, Theo; Kirstie McLellan Day (2009). Playing With Fire. HarperCollins. p. 217. ISBN 978-1-55468-239-3.
  6. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1010387/ WEtv movie Celine
  7. ^ http://www.imdb.com/news/ni0066119/ Rape Charge Dropped for Dion’s Husband
  8. ^ Queen of Las Vegas brings her winning streak to Britain | Business | The Observer
  9. ^ Ramblin’ Gamblin’ Man: Rene Angelil

Doris Day by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Doris Day

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Doris Day

Doris Day in the early 1950s
Born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff
April 3, 1922 (1922-04-03) (age 88)
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Occupation Actress, singer
Years active 1939–1987
Spouse Al Jorden (1941–43, divorced)
George Weidler (1946–49, divorced)
Martin Melcher (1951–68, his death)
Barry Comden (1976–81, divorced)
Children Terry Melcher (deceased)
Website
http://www.ddaf.org/ Doris Day Animal Foundation

Doris Day (born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff, April 3, 1922)[1] is an American actress and singer, and an outspoken animal rights activist since her retirement from show business. Her entertainment career began in the 1940s as a big band singer. In 1945 she had her first hit recording, “Sentimental Journey“. In 1948, she appeared in her first film, Romance on the High Seas. During her entertainment career, she appeared in 39 films, recorded more than 650 songs, received an Academy Award nomination, won a Golden Globe and a Grammy Award, and, in 1989, received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures.

As of 2009, Day was the top-ranking female box office star of all time and ranked sixth among the top ten box office performers (male and female).[2]

Contents

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Early life

Doris Day was born in the Cincinnati, Ohio, neighborhood of Evanston to Alma Sophia Welz (a housewife) and Wilhelm (later William) Kappelhoff (a music teacher and choir master). All of her grandparents were German immigrants.[3] Although the 1930 census lists her at age 7, she states to her biographer in Doris Day: Her Own Story that she was born in 1924.[4] Specifically she states, “[I was] named by my mother in honor of her favorite actress, Doris Kenyon, a silent screen star of that year 1924.” The youngest of three children, she had two brothers: Richard, who died before she was born, and Paul, a few years older.[5][6]

Her parents’ marriage failed due to her father’s reported infidelity.[6] Although the family was Roman Catholic, her parents divorced. After her second marriage, Day herself would become a Christian Scientist. Day has been married four times.

Day developed an early interest in dance, and in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati. A car accident on October 13, 1937, damaged her legs and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer.[7] While recovering, Day took singing lessons, and at 17 she began performing locally.

It was while working for local bandleader Barney Rapp in 1939 or 1940 that she adopted the stage name “Day” as an alternative to “Kappelhoff,” at his suggestion. Rapp felt her surname was too long for marquees. The first song she had performed for him was “Day After Day”, and her stage name was taken from that.[6] After working with Rapp, Day worked with a number of other bandleaders including Jimmy James,[8] Bob Crosby, and Les Brown. It was while working with Brown that Day scored her first hit recording, “Sentimental Journey”, which was released in early 1945. It soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home. This song is still associated with Day, and was rerecorded by her on several occasions, as well as being included in her 1971 television special.[9]

Career

Film career

While singing with the Les Brown band and briefly with Bob Hope, Day toured extensively across the United States. Her popularity as a radio performer and vocalist, which included a second hit record “My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time“, led directly to a career in films. Already in 1941 Day appeared as a singer with the Les Brown band in a soundie (a Cinemasters production). After her separation from her second husband, George Weidler, in 1948, Day reportedly intended to leave Los Angeles and return to her mother’s home in Cincinnati. Her agent Al Levy convinced her to attend a party at the home of composer Jule Styne. Her performance of the song “Embraceable You” impressed Styne and his partner, Sammy Cahn and they recommended her for a role in Romance on the High Seas, which they were working on for Warner Brothers. The withdrawal of Betty Hutton due to pregnancy left the main role to be re-cast, and Day got the part. The film provided her with another hit recording “It’s Magic.”

In 1950 U.S. servicemen in Korea voted her their favorite star. She continued to make minor and frequently nostalgic period musicals such as Starlift, The West Point Story, On Moonlight Bay, By the Light of the Silvery Moon, and Tea For Two for Warner Brothers. In 1953 Day appeared as Calamity Jane, winning the Academy Award for Best Original Song for “Secret Love” (her recording of which became her fourth U.S. No. 1 recording).

After filming Young at Heart (1954) with Frank Sinatra, Day chose not to renew her contract with Warner Brothers. She elected to work under the advice and management of her third husband, Marty Melcher, whom she married in Burbank on April 3, 1951. Day had divorced saxophonist-songwriter George W. Weidler (born September 11, 1917 – died July 26, 1995) on May 31, 1949 in Los Angeles in an uncontested divorce action after marrying him on March 30, 1946 in Mount Vernon, New York, separating in April 1947 and filing for divorce in June 1948.

Day subsequently took on more dramatic roles, including her 1954 portrayal of singer Ruth Etting in Love Me or Leave Me. Day would later call it, in her autobiography, her best film. She was also paired with such top stars as Jack Lemmon, James Stewart, Cary Grant, David Niven, and Clark Gable.

In Alfred Hitchcock’s The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), Day sang “Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)” which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song and became her signature song. According to Jay Livingston, who wrote the song with Ray Evans, Day preferred another song used briefly in the film, “We’ll Love Again” and skipped the recording for “Que Sera, Sera”. At the studio’s insistence she relented. After recording the number, she reportedly told a friend of Livingston, “That’s the last time you’ll ever hear that song”. However, the song was used again in Please Don’t Eat the Daisies (1960), and was reprised as a brief duet with Arthur Godfrey in The Glass Bottom Boat (1966). “Que Sera, Sera” also became the theme song for her CBS television show (1968–73). The Man Who Knew Too Much was her only film for Hitchcock and, as she admitted in her 1975 autobiography, she was initially concerned at his lack of direction. She finally asked if anything was wrong and Hitchcock said everything was fine — if she weren’t doing what he wanted, he would have said something.[10]

She had one more Top Ten hit with “Everybody Loves a Lover” in 1958.

Box office success

In 1959, Day entered her most successful phase as a film actress with a series of romantic comedies, starting with Pillow Talk, co-starring Rock Hudson, who became a lifelong friend. Day received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Day and Hudson made two more films together, Lover Come Back (1961) and Send Me No Flowers (1964). Day also teamed up with James Garner, starting with 1963′s The Thrill of It All, followed later that year by Move Over, Darling. Move Over, Darling had originally been entitled Something’s Got to Give, a 1962 comeback vehicle for Marilyn Monroe and featuring Dean Martin. The film was suspended following the firing of Monroe and her subsequent death. A year later, it was renamed and recast with Day as the lead character.

By the late 1960s, the sexual revolution of the baby boomer generation had refocused public attitudes about sex. Times changed, but Day’s films did not. Critics and comics dubbed Day “the world’s oldest virgin”,[11] and audiences began to shy away from her films. As a result, she slipped from the list of top box office stars, last appearing in the Top 10 in 1967 with The Glass Bottom Boat, her final hit film.

One of the roles she turned down was that of the iconic Mrs. Robinson in The Graduate,[12] a role that eventually went to Anne Bancroft. In her published memoirs, Day said that she had rejected the part on moral grounds. Her final feature film, With Six You Get Eggroll, was released in 1968.

Recording success

Day’s last major hit single came in the UK in 1964 with “Move Over, Darling“, co-written by her son specifically for her. The recording was a notable departure for Day, with its distinctly contemporary-sounding arrangement. In 1967, Day recorded her last album, The Love Album, essentially concluding her recording career, though this album was not released until 1995.

Bankruptcy and television career

1960s

Melcher died April 20, 1968. Day was shocked to discover that her husband of 17 years and his business partner Jerome Bernard Rosenthal[13] had squandered her earnings, leaving her deeply in debt. Rosenthal had been her attorney since the late 1940s, and he represented her on May 31, 1949, in her uncontested divorce action against her second husband, songwriter George W. Weidler. In February 1969, Day filed suit against Rosenthal and won the then-largest civil judgment (over $20 million) until that time in the state of California.[citation needed]

1970s

On September 18, 1974, Day was awarded $22,835,646 for fraud and malpractice in an hour-long oral decision by Superior Judge Lester E. Olson, ending a 99-day trial that involved 18 consolidated lawsuits and countersuits filed by Day and Rosenthal that involved Rosenthal’s handling of her finances after she terminated him in July 1968. The civil trial included 14,451 pages of transcript from 67 witnesses. Represented by attorney Robert Winslow and the law firm of Mitchell, Silberberg & Knupp LLP, Day was awarded $1 million punitive damages, $5.6 million plus $2 million interest for losses incurred in a sham oil venture; $3.4 million plus $1.2 million interest over a hotel venture; $2.2 million plus $793,800 interest for duplicate or unnecessary fees paid to Rosenthal; more than $2 million to recoup loans to Rosenthal; $2.9 million plus $1 million interest for fraud, and $850,000 attorney fees for Day. Olson also enjoined Rosenthal from prosecuting any more lawsuits against Day or her business operations. (Rosenthal had filed more than 20 suits from 1969 to 1974). Olson, an expert in complex financial marital settlements, read every page of 3,275 individual exhibits and 68 boxes of miscellaneous financial records.[citation needed]

In October 1979, Rosenthal’s liability insurer settled with Day for about $6 million payable in 23 annual installments. Rosenthal continued to file an appeal in the 2nd District Court of Appeal, and also filed another half-dozen suits related to the case. Two were libel suits, one against Day and her publishers over comments she made about Rosenthal in her book in which he sought damages. The other suits sought court determinations that insurance companies and individual lawyers failed to defend Rosenthal properly before Olson and in appellate stages. In April 1979, he filed a suit to set aside the $6 million settlement with Day and recover damages from everybody involved in agreeing to the payment supposedly without his permission.[citation needed]

1980s

In October 1985, the state Supreme Court rejected Rosenthal’s appeal of the multimillion-dollar judgment against him for legal malpractice, and upheld conclusions of a trial court and a Court of Appeal that Rosenthal acted improperly. In April 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review the lower court’s judgment. In June 1987, Rosenthal filed a $30 million lawsuit against lawyers he claimed cheated him out of millions of dollars in real estate investments. He also named Day as a co-defendant, describing her as an “unwilling, involuntary plaintiff whose consent cannot be obtained”.[clarification needed]Rosenthal claimed that millions of dollars Day lost were in real estate sold after Melcher died in 1968, in which Rosenthal asserted that the attorneys gave Day bad advice, telling her to sell, at a loss, three hotels, in Palo Alto, Dallas and Atlanta and some oil leases in Kentucky and Ohio. Rosenthal claimed he had made the investments under a long-term plan, and did not intend to sell them until they appreciated in value. Two of the hotels sold in 1970 for about $7 million, and their estimated worth in 1986 was $50 million. In July 1984, after a hearing panel of the State Bar Court, after 80 days of testimony and consideration of documentary evidence, the panel accused Rosenthal of 13 separate acts of misconduct and urged his disbarment in a 34-page unsigned opinion. The panel’s findings were upheld by the State Bar Court’s review department, which asked the justices to order Rosenthal’s disbarment. He continued representing clients in federal courts until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against him on March 21, 1988. Disbarment by the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals followed on August 19, 1988.[citation needed]

The Supreme Court of California, in affirming the disbarment, held that Rosenthal engaged in transactions involving undisclosed conflicts of interest, took positions adverse to his former clients, overstated expenses, double-billed for legal fees, failed to return client files, failed to provide access to records, failed to give adequate legal advice, failed to provide clients with an opportunity to obtain independent counsel, filed fraudulent claims, gave false testimony, engaged in conduct designed to harass his clients, delayed court proceedings, obstructed justice and abused legal process. Terry Melcher stated that it was only Martin Melcher’s premature death that saved Day from financial ruin. It remains unresolved whether Melcher was himself duped. Day stated publicly that she believes Melcher innocent of any deliberate wrongdoing, stating that Melcher “simply trusted the wrong person”.[14] According to Day’s autobiography, as told to A. E. Hotchner, the usually athletic and healthy Melcher had an enlarged heart. Most of the interviews on the subject given to Hotchner (and included in Day’s autobiography) paint an unflattering portrait of Melcher. Author David Kaufman asserts that one of Day’s costars, actor Louis Jourdan, maintained that Day herself disliked her husband,[15] but Day’s public statements regarding Melcher appear to contradict that assertion.[16]

The Doris Day Show

Upon her husband’s death on April 20, 1968, Day learned that he had committed her to a television series, which became The Doris Day Show.

“It was awful”, Day told OK! Magazine in 1996. “I was really, really not very well when Marty [Melcher] passed away, and the thought of going into TV was overpowering. But he’d signed me up for a series. And then my son Terry [Melcher] took me walking in Beverly Hills and explained that it wasn’t nearly the end of it. I had also been signed up for a bunch of TV specials, all without anyone ever asking me.”

Day hated the idea of doing television, but felt obligated. “There was a contract. I didn’t know about it. I never wanted to do TV, but I gave it 100 percent anyway. That’s the only way I know how to do it.” The first episode of The Doris Day Show aired on September 24, 1968, and, from 1968 to 1973, employed “Que Sera, Sera” as its theme song. Day grudgingly persevered (she needed the work to help pay off her debts), but only after CBS ceded creative control to her and her son.

The show was successful, enjoyed a five-year run, and functioned as a curtain-raiser for The Carol Burnett Show. The show is remembered today for its abrupt season-to-season changes in casting and premise. It was not as widely syndicated as many of its contemporaries were, and has been little seen outside the United States and the United Kingdom.[17] By the end of its run in 1973, public tastes had changed and her firmly established persona was regarded as passé. She largely retired from acting after The Doris Day Show, but did complete two television specials, The Doris Mary Anne Kappelhoff Special (1971) and Doris Day to Day (1975). She appeared in a John Denver TV special in 1974.[citation needed]

1990s and renewal of interest

The release of a greatest hits CD in 1992 garnered her another entry onto the British charts,[citation needed] while the song “Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps” was included in the soundtrack of the Australian film Strictly Ballroom.

2000s

In 2006, Day recorded a commentary for the DVD release of the fifth (and final) season of her TV show. Recently Day has participated in telephone interviews with a radio station that celebrates her birthday with an annual Doris Day music marathon.[citation needed] In July 2008 she appeared on the Southern California radio show of longtime friend newscaster George Putnam, reported in the Los Angeles Times.

While Day turned down a tribute offer from the American Film Institute,[citation needed] she received and accepted the Golden Globe’s Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in 1989. In 2004, Day was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom but declined to attend the ceremony because of a fear of flying. Day did not accept an invitation to be a recipient of the Kennedy Center Honors for the same reason.[18]

Both columnist Liz Smith and film critic Rex Reed have mounted vigorous campaigns to gather support for an honorary Academy Award for Day to herald her spectacular film career and her status as the top female box-office star of all time.[19] Day was honored in absentia with a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement in Music in February 2008.

Personal life

In 1975, Day released her autobiography, Doris Day: Her Own Story, an “as-told-to” work with A. E. Hotchner. The book detailed her first three marriages:

  • To Al Jorden, a trombonist whom she had met when he was in Barney Rapp’s Band, from March 1941 to 1943. Her only child, son Terry Melcher, was born from this marriage. Jorden, who was reportedly physically abusive to Day, committed suicide in 1967 by a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
  • To George Weidler (a saxophonist), from March 30, 1946 to May 31, 1949. Weidler, the brother of actress Virginia Weidler, and Day met again several years later. During a brief reconciliation, he helped her become involved in Christian Science.
  • To Martin Melcher, whom she married on April 3, 1951. This marriage lasted far longer than her first two. Melcher adopted Terry (thus renaming the boy Terry Melcher), and produced many of Day’s movies. After her autobiography was published, Day married one last time.
  • Her fourth and last marriage was to Barry Comden, who was roughly a decade younger, from April 14, 1976 until 1981. Comden was her first husband from outside of show business. Comden was the maitre d’ at one of Day’s favorite restaurants. Knowing of her great love of dogs, Comden endeared himself to Day by giving her a bag of meat scraps and bones on her way out of the restaurant. When this marriage unraveled, Comden complained that Day cared more for her “animal friends” than she did for him. Comden died on May 25, 2009, aged 74.

While promoting the book, Day caused a stir by rejecting the “girl next door” and “virgin” labels so often attached to her. As she remarked in her book, “The succession of cheerful, period musicals I made, plus Oscar Levant‘s highly publicized comment about my virginity (‘I knew Doris Day before she became a virgin.’) contributed to what has been called my ‘image’, which is a word that baffles me. There never was any intent on my part either in my acting or in my private life to create any such thing as an image.” Day said she believed people should live together prior to marriage, something that she herself would do if the opportunity arose. At the conclusion of this book tour, Day seemed content to focus on her charity and pet work and her business interests. (In 1985, she became part-owner with her son of the Cypress Inn in Carmel, California.)

In May 1983, she became a grandmother. In 1985 she briefly hosted her own talk show, Doris Day’s Best Friends on CBN. Despite the worldwide publicity her show received, it was canceled after 26 episodes.

Terry Melcher first made a brief attempt to become a surf music singing star, then became a staff producer for Columbia Records in the 1960s, and was famous for producing some latter-day recordings by The Beach Boys and The Byrds. In November 2004, he died from complications of melanoma, aged 62.

Animal welfare activism

Day’s interest in animal welfare and related issues apparently dates to her teen years when she was recovering from an automobile accident and took her dog Tiny for a walk without a leash. Tiny ran into the street and was killed by a passing car. Day later wrote she was wracked with guilt and loneliness. In 1971, she co-founded Actors and Others for Animals and appeared in a series of newspaper advertisements denouncing the wearing of fur, alongside Mary Tyler Moore, Angie Dickinson, and Jayne Meadows.[20] Day’s friend, Cleveland Amory, wrote about these events in Man Kind? Our Incredible War on Wildlife (1974).

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Day promoted the annual Spay Day USA, and on a number of occasions, actively lobbied the United States Congress in support of legislation designed to safeguard animal rights. She also founded The Doris Day Animal League.www.ddal.org which was merged into The Humane Society of the United States in 2006.[21] Staff members of the Doris Day League took positions within The HSUS, and Day recorded public service announcements for the organization. The HSUS now manages Spay Day USA, the one-day spay/neuter event she originated.[22]

Recent years

Day now lives near Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.[23]

References

  1. ^ Many sources indicate that Day was born in 1922, although some maintain she was born in 1924. In the census of April 1930, she is listed as age seven. This would indicate a birth year of either 1922 or 1923 as her birthday is April 3 and the exact date the census taker visited her home is not clear. Source Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio; Roll: 1808; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 55. Kaufman’s publishers, Virgin Books, list Day’s year of birth as 1924 on the Verso (Copyright) page, but Kaufman gives her year of birth as 1922. Intelius gives her age as of November 19, 2010 as 86, but this is not dispositive.
  2. ^ Quigley Publishing: Annual Box Office Poll & All-Time Top Ten Stars List
  3. ^ Doris Day’s ancestry
  4. ^ Doris Day: Her Own Story”, by A.E. Hotchner, Bantam (1976) page 11
  5. ^ Hotchner, A. E., Doris Day: Her Own Story, Morrow & Co., Inc., 1976, p. 18
  6. ^ a b c “The Dark Days of Doris Day”, June 14, 2008, Daily Mail newspaper (Britain).
  7. ^ Hamilton Daily News Journal, October 18, 1937, “Trenton Friends Regret Injury To Girl Dancer”
  8. ^ The Lima (Ohio) News, April 17, 1940, p. 11, “To Entertain At Convention Here”
  9. ^ Doris Day (2nd Ed. ed.). London: Orion Books. September 1, 2004. p. 26. ISBN 978-0752817156. “It is not surprising … that she took so readily to Christian Science in her later life”
  10. ^ McGilligan, Patrick, Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light, ReganBooks, 2003, p. 520
  11. ^ Doris Day films, passim, The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures.
  12. ^ www.dorisday.net
  13. ^ Jerome Bernard Rosenthal (born April 1, 1911 – died August 15, 2007), admitted to the State Bar of California on June 11, 1946 after graduating from the University of Chicago Law School, whose clients also included Ross Hunter, Van Johnson, and Gordon MacRae, also Day’s lawyer, business manager, and tax adviser under a May 1956 agreement (in which he was to receive 10% of virtually everything owned or earned by Day and Melcher)
  14. ^ Doris Day: A Sentimental Journey, Television Documentary, Arwin Productions, PBS, 1991
  15. ^ “Doris Day’s Vanishing Act”, by David Kaufman, Vanity Fair, May 2008, p. 260
  16. ^ Hotchner, Doris Day: Her Own Story, p. 226
  17. ^ McGee, Garry (2005). Doris Day: Sentimental Journey. McFarland & Co.. pp. 227–8.
  18. ^ Doris Day’s website Retrieved on 12-01-10
  19. ^ New York Post article at www.nypost.com Retrieved on 06-05-07
  20. ^ Pierre Patrick, Que Sera, Sera: The Magic of Doris Day Through Television, Bear Manor Media, 2006, p. 132 (photograph of ad)
  21. ^ Merger Adds To Humane Society’s Bite, Washingtonpost.com Retrieved on 06-05-07.
  22. ^ Humane Society and Doris Day, official website of Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved on 06-05-07.
  23. ^ Rep: Doris Day Still “Sharp as a Tack”, UPI.com August 13, 2008

Further reading

  • Barothy, Mary Anne. Day at a Time: An Indiana Girl’s Sentimental Journey to Doris Day’s Hollywood and Beyond. Hawthorne Publishing, 2007.
  • Bret, David. Doris Day: Reluctant Star. JR Books, London. 2008.*Kaufman, David (2008). Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door. New York: Virgin Books. ISBN 9781905264308.
  • McGee, Garry. Doris Day: Sentimental Journey. McFarland & Company, Inc., 2005.
  • Patrick, Pierre and Garry McGee. Que Sera, Sera: The Magic of Doris Day Through Television. Bear Manor Media, 2005.
  • Patrick, Pierre and Garry McGee. The Doris Day Companion: A Beautiful Day (One on One with Doris and Friends). BearManor Media, 2009.
  • Braun, Eric. “Doris Day.” Orion Books, 1994.
  • Santopietro, Tom. “Considering Doris Day”. Thomas Dunn Books, 2008.

Elizabeth Taylor by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Elizabeth Taylor

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Elizabeth Taylor

Taylor photographed for Argentinean Magazine in 1947
Born Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor
27 February 1932 (1932-02-27) (age 79)
Hampstead, London, England
Nationality British-American
Other names Liz Taylor
Occupation Actress
Years active 1942–2003
Spouse Conrad Hilton, Jr. (1950–1951)
Michael Wilding (1952–1957)
Mike Todd (1957–1958)
Eddie Fisher (1959–1964)
Richard Burton (1964–1974, 1975–1976)
John Warner (1976–1982)
Larry Fortensky (1991–1996)
Parents Francis Lenn Taylor (deceased)
Sara Sothern (deceased)

Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE (born 27 February 1932), also known as Liz Taylor, is an English/American actress.[1] A former child star, she grew to be known for her acting talent and beauty, as well as her Hollywood lifestyle, including many marriages. Taylor is considered one of the great actresses of Hollywood’s golden age. The American Film Institute named Taylor seventh on its Female Legends list.

Contents

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Early years (1932–1942)

Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was born in Hampstead, a wealthy district of North West London, the second child of Francis Lenn Taylor (1897–1968) and Sara Viola Warmbrodt (1895–1994), who were Americans residing in England. Taylor’s older brother, Howard Taylor, was born in 1929.[citation needed]

Her parents were originally from Arkansas City, Kansas. Her father was an art dealer and her mother a former actress whose stage name was ‘Sara Sothern’. Sothern retired from the stage when she and Francis Taylor married in 1926 in New York City. Taylor’s two first names are in honor of her paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Mary (Rosemond) Taylor. A dual citizen of the UK and the U.S., she was born a British subject through her birth on British soil and an American citizen through her parents.[citation needed] She reportedly sought, in 1965, to renounce her United States citizenship, to wit “Though never accepted by the State Department, Liz renounced in 1965. Attempting to shield much of her European income from U.S. taxes, Liz wished to become solely a British citizen. According to news reports at the time, officials denied her request when she failed to complete the renunciation oath, refusing to say that she renounced ‘all allegiance to the United States of America’.”[2]

At the age of three, Taylor began taking ballet lessons with Vaccani. Shortly before the beginning of World War II, her parents decided to return to the United States to avoid hostilities. Her mother took the children first, arriving in New York in April 1939,[3] while her father remained in London to wrap up matters in the art business, arriving in November.[4] They settled in Los Angeles, California, where Sara’s family, the Warmbrodts, were then living.

Through Hopper, the Taylors were introduced to Andrea Berens, a wealthy English socialite and also fiancée of Cheever Cowden, chairman and major stockholder of Universal Pictures in Hollywood. Berens insisted that Sara bring Elizabeth to see Cowden who, she was adamant, would be dazzled by Elizabeth’s breathtaking dark beauty; she was born with a mutation that caused double rows of eyelashes, which enhanced her appearance on camera.[5] Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer soon took interest in the British youngster as well but she failed to secure a contract with them after an informal audition with producer John Considine had shown that she couldn’t sing. However, on 18 September 1941, Universal Pictures signed Elizabeth to a six-month renewable contract at $100 a week.

Taylor appeared in her first motion picture at the age of nine in There’s One Born Every Minute, her only film for Universal Pictures. Less than six months after she signed with Universal, her contract was reviewed by Edward Muhl, the studio’s production chief. Muhl met with Taylor’s agent, Myron Selznick (brother of David), and Cheever Cowden. Muhl challenged Selznick’s and Cowden’s constant support of Taylor: “She can’t sing, she can’t dance, she can’t perform. What’s more, her mother has to be one of the most unbearable women it has been my displeasure to meet.”[6] Universal cancelled Taylor’s contract just short of her tenth birthday in February 1942. Nevertheless on 15 October 1942, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer signed Taylor to $100 a week for up to three months to appear as “Priscilla” in the film Lassie Come Home.

Career

Adolescent star

Lassie Come Home featured child star Roddy McDowall, with whom Taylor would share a lifelong friendship. Upon its release in 1943, the film received favourable attention for both McDowall and Taylor. On the basis for her performance in Lassie Come Home MGM signed Taylor to a conventional seven-year contract at $100 a week but increasing at regular intervals until it reached a hefty $750 during the seventh year. Her first assignment under her new contract at MGM was a loan-out to 20th Century Fox for the character of Helen Burns in a film version of the Charlotte Bronte novel Jane Eyre (1944). During this period she also returned to England to appear in another Roddy McDowall picture for MGM, The White Cliffs of Dover (1944). But it was Taylor’s persistence in campaigning for the role of Velvet Brown in MGM’s National Velvet that skyrocketed Taylor to stardom at the tender age of 12. Taylor’s character, Velvet Brown, is a young girl who trains her beloved horse to win the Grand National. National Velvet, which also costarred beloved American favorite Mickey Rooney and English newcomer Angela Lansbury, became an overwhelming success upon its release in December 1944 and altered Taylor’s life forever. Also, many of her back problems have been traced to when she hurt her back falling off a horse during the filming of National Velvet.

National Velvet grossed over US$4 million at the box office and Taylor was signed to a new long-term contract that raised her salary to $30,000 per year. To capitalize on the box office success of Velvet, Taylor was shoved into another animal opus, Courage of Lassie, in which a different dog named “Bill”, cast as an Allied combatant in World War II, regularly outsmarts the Nazis, with Taylor going through another outdoors role. The 1946 success of Courage of Lassie led to another contract drawn up for Taylor earning her $750 per week, her mother $250, as well as a $1,500 bonus. Her roles as Mary Skinner in a loan-out to Warner BrothersLife With Father (1947), Cynthia Bishop in Cynthia (1947), Carol Pringle in A Date with Judy (1948) and Susan Prackett in Julia Misbehaves (1948) all proved to be successful. Her reputation as a bankable adolescent star and nickname of “One-Shot Liz” (referring to her ability to shoot a scene in one take) promised her a full and bright career with Metro. Taylor’s portrayal as Amy, in the American classic Little Women (1949) would prove to be her last adolescent role. In October 1948, she sailed aboard the RMS Queen Mary travelling to England where she would begin filming on Conspirator, where she would play her first adult role.

Transition into adult roles

In Father of the Bride

When released in 1949, Conspirator bombed at the box office, but Taylor’s portrayal of 21-year-old debutante Melinda Grayton (keeping in mind that Taylor was only 16 at the time of filming) who unknowingly marries a communist spy (played by 38-year-old Robert Taylor), was praised by critics for her first adult lead in a film, even though the public didn’t seem ready to accept her in adult roles. Taylor’s first picture under her new salary of $2,000 per week was The Big Hangover (1950), both a critical and box office failure, that paired her with screen idol Van Johnson. The picture also failed to present Taylor with an opportunity to exhibit her newly-realized sensuality. Her first box office success in an adult role came as Kay Banks in the romantic comedy Father of the Bride (1950), alongside Spencer Tracy and Joan Bennett. The film spawned a sequel, Father’s Little Dividend (1951), which Taylor’s costar Spencer Tracy summarised with “boring…boring…boring”. The film was received well at the box office but it would be Taylor’s next picture that would set the course for her career as a dramatic actress. In late 1949, Taylor had begun filming George StevensA Place In The Sun. Upon its release in 1951, Taylor was hailed for her performance as Angela Vickers, a spoiled socialite who comes between George Eastman (Montgomery Clift) and his poor, pregnant factory-working girlfriend Alice Tripp (Shelley Winters).[citation needed]

The film became the pivotal performance of Taylor’s career as critics acclaimed it as a classic, a reputation it sustained throughout the next 50 years of cinema history. The New York Times’ A.H. Weiler wrote, “Elizabeth’s delineation of the rich and beauteous Angela is the top effort of her career”, and the Boxoffice reviewer unequivocally stated “Miss Taylor deserves an Academy Award“. She later reflected: “If you were considered pretty, you might as well have been a waitress trying to act – you were treated with no respect at all.”[citation needed]

Taylor became increasingly unsatisfied with the roles being offered to her at the time. While she wanted to play the lead roles in The Barefoot Contessa and I’ll Cry Tomorrow, MGM continued to restrict her to mindless and somewhat forgettable films such as: a cameo as herself in Callaway Went Thataway (1951), Love Is Better Than Ever (1952), Ivanhoe (1952), The Girl Who Had Everything (1953) and Beau Brummel (1954). She had wanted to play the role of Lady Rowena in Ivanhoe, but the part was given to Joan Fontaine. Taylor was given the role of Rebecca. When Taylor became pregnant with her first child, MGM forced her through The Girl Who Had Everything (even adding two hours to her daily work schedule) so as to get one more film out of her before she became too heavily pregnant. Taylor lamented that she needed the money, as she had just bought a new house with second husband Michael Wilding and with a child on the way things would be pretty tight. Taylor had been forced by her pregnancy to turn down Elephant Walk (1954), though the role had been designed for her. Vivien Leigh, almost two decades Taylor’s senior, but to whom Taylor bore a striking resemblance, got the part and went to Ceylon to shoot on location. Leigh suffered a nervous breakdown during filming, and Taylor reclaimed the role after the birth of her child Michael Wilding, Jr. in January 1953.[citation needed]

Taylor’s next screen endeavor, Rhapsody (1954), another tedious romantic drama, proved equally frustrating. Taylor portrayed Louise Durant, a beautiful rich girl in love with a temperamental violinist (Vittorio Gassman) and an earnest young pianist (John Ericson). A film critic for the New York Herald Tribune wrote: “There is beauty in the picture all right, with Miss Taylor glowing into the camera from every angle…but the dramatic pretenses are weak, despite the lofty sentences and handsome manikin poses.”[citation needed]

Taylor’s fourth period picture, Beau Brummell, made just after Elephant Walk and Rhapsody, cast her as the elaborately costumed Lady Patricia, which many felt was only a screen prop—a ravishing beauty whose sole purpose was to lend romantic support to the film’s title star, Stewart Granger. The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954) fared only slightly better than her previous pictures, with Taylor being reunited with The Big Hangover costar Van Johnson. The role of Helen Ellsworth Willis was based on that of Zelda Fitzgerald and, although pregnant with her second child, Taylor went ahead with the film, her fourth in twelve months. Although proving somewhat successful at the box office, she still yearned for meatier roles.[citation needed]

1955–1979

In Cleopatra (1963)

Following a more substantial role opposite Rock Hudson and James Dean in George Stevens‘ epic Giant (1956), Taylor was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for the following films: Raintree County (1957)[7] opposite Montgomery Clift; Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)[8] opposite Paul Newman; and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)[9] with Montgomery Clift, Katharine Hepburn and Mercedes McCambridge.

In 1960, Taylor became the highest paid actress up to that time when she signed a one million dollar contract to play the title role in 20th Century Fox‘s lavish production of Cleopatra,[9] which would eventually be released in 1963. During the filming, she began a romance with her future husband Richard Burton, who played Mark Antony in the film. The romance received much attention from the tabloid press, as both were married to other spouses at the time.[10]

Taylor won her first Academy Award, for Best Actress in a Leading Role, for her performance as Gloria Wandrous in BUtterfield 8 (1960),[11] which co-starred then husband Eddie Fisher.

Her second Academy Award, also for Best Actress in a Leading Role, was for her performance as Martha in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966),[12] playing opposite then husband Richard Burton. Taylor and Burton would appear together in six other films during the decade – The V.I.P.s (1963), The Sandpiper (1965), The Taming of the Shrew (1967), Doctor Faustus (1967), The Comedians {1967} and Boom! (1968).

Taylor appeared in John Huston‘s Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) opposite Marlon Brando (replacing Montgomery Clift[13] who died before production began) and Secret Ceremony (1968) opposite Mia Farrow. However, by the end of the decade her box-office drawing power had considerably diminished, as evidenced by the failure of The Only Game in Town (1970), with Warren Beatty.[14]

Taylor continued to star in numerous theatrical films throughout the 1970s, such as Zee and Co. (1972) with Michael Caine, Ash Wednesday (1973), The Blue Bird (1976) with Jane Fonda and Ava Gardner, and A Little Night Music (1977). With then-husband Richard Burton, she co-starred in the 1972 films Under Milk Wood and Hammersmith Is Out, and the 1973 made-for-TV movie Divorce His, Divorce Hers.

1980–2003

Taylor starred in the 1980 mystery film The Mirror Crack’d, based on an Agatha Christie novel. In 1985, she played movie gossip columnist Louella Parsons in the TV film Malice in Wonderland opposite Jane Alexander, who played Hedda Hopper. Taylor appeared in the miniseries North and South. Her last theatrical film to date was 1994′s The Flintstones. In 2001, she played an agent in the TV film These Old Broads. She appeared on a number television series, including the soap operas General Hospital and All My Children, as well as the animated series The Simpsons—once as herself, and once as the voice of Maggie Simpson, uttering one word “Daddy”.

Taylor has also acted on the stage, making her Broadway and West End debuts in 1982 with a revival of Lillian Hellman‘s The Little Foxes. She was then in a production of Noel Coward‘s Private Lives (1983), in which she starred with her former husband, Richard Burton. The student-run Burton Taylor Theatre in Oxford was named for the famous couple after Burton appeared as Doctor Faustus in the Oxford University Dramatic Society (OUDS) production of the Marlowe play. Taylor played the ghostly, wordless Helen of Troy, who is entreated by Faustus to “make [him] immortal with a kiss”.[citation needed]

2003–present

In November 2004, Taylor announced that she had been diagnosed with congestive heart failure, a progressive condition in which the heart is too weak to pump sufficient blood throughout the body, particularly to the lower extremities: the ankles and feet. She has broken her back five times, had both her hips replaced, has survived a benign brain tumor operation, has survived skin cancer, and has faced life-threatening bouts with pneumonia twice. She is reclusive and sometimes fails to make scheduled appearances due to illness or other personal reasons. She now uses a wheelchair and when asked about it stated that she has osteoporosis and was born with scoliosis.[15]

In 2005, Taylor was a vocal supporter of her friend Michael Jackson in his trial in California on charges of sexually abusing a child.[16][17] He was acquitted.

On 30 May 2006, Taylor appeared on Larry King Live to refute the claims that she has been ill, and denied the allegations that she was suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and was close to death.[18]

In late August 2006, Taylor decided to take a boating trip to help prove that she was not close to death. She also decided to make Christie’s auction house the primary place where she will sell her jewelry, art, clothing, furniture and memorabilia.[19] Six months later, the February 2007 issue of Interview magazine was devoted entirely to Taylor. It celebrated her life, career and her upcoming 75th birthday.

On 5 December 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and California First Lady Maria Shriver inducted Taylor into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts.[20]

Taylor was in the news recently for a rumored ninth marriage to her companion Jason Winters, which she dismissed as a rumour.[21] However, she was quoted as saying, “Jason Winters is one of the most wonderful men I’ve ever known and that’s why I love him. He bought us the most beautiful house in Hawaii and we visit it as often as possible,”[22] to gossip columnist Liz Smith. Winters accompanied Taylor to Macy’s Passport HIV/AIDS 2007 gala, where Taylor was honoured with a humanitarian award. In 2008, Taylor and Winters were spotted celebrating the 4th of July on a yacht in Santa Monica, California.[23] The couple attended the Macy’s Passport HIV/AIDS gala again in 2008.

On 1 December 2007, Taylor acted on-stage again, appearing opposite James Earl Jones in a benefit performance of the A. R. Gurney play Love Letters. The event’s goal was to raise $1 million for Taylor’s AIDS foundation. Tickets for the show were priced at $2,500, and more than 500 people attended. The event happened to coincide with the 2007 Writers Guild of America strike and, rather than cross the picket line, Taylor requested a “one night dispensation.” The Writers Guild agreed not to picket the Paramount Pictures lot that night to allow for the performance.[24]

Other interests

Taylor on a show that was celebrating her life, late 1981

Taylor has a passion for jewellery. She is a client of well-known jewelry designer, Shlomo Moussaieff. Over the years she has owned a number of well-known pieces, two of the most talked-about being the 33.19-carat (6.64 g) Krupp Diamond and the 69.42-carat (13.88 g) pear-shaped Taylor-Burton Diamond, which were among many gifts from husband Richard Burton. Taylor also owns the 50-carat (10 g) La Peregrina Pearl, purchased by Burton as a Valentine’s Day present in 1969. The pearl was formerly owned by Mary I of England, and Burton sought a portrait of Queen Mary wearing the pearl. Upon the purchase of the painting, the Burtons discovered that the British National Portrait Gallery did not have an original painting of Mary, so they donated the painting to the Gallery.[25][26] Her enduring collection of jewelry has been documented in her book My Love Affair with Jewelry (2002) with photographs by the New York photographer John Bigelow Taylor (no relation).

Taylor started designing jewels for The Elizabeth Collection, creating fine jewelry with elegance and flair. The Elizabeth Taylor collection by Piranesi is sold at Christie’s. She has also launched three perfumes, “Passion”, “White Diamonds”, and “Black Pearls”, which, together, earn an estimated US$200 million in annual sales. In fall 2006, Taylor celebrated the 15th anniversary of her White Diamonds perfume, one of the top 10 best selling fragrances for more than the past decade.[citation needed]

Taylor has devoted much time and energy to AIDS-related charities and fundraising. She helped start the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) after the death of her former costar and friend, Rock Hudson. She also created her own AIDS foundation, the Elizabeth Taylor Aids Foundation (ETAF). By 1999, she had helped to raise an estimated US$50 million to fight the disease. In 2006, Taylor commissioned a 37-foot (11 m) “Care Van” equipped with examination tables and X Ray equipment and also donated US$40,000 to the New Orleans Aids task force, a charity designed for the New Orleans population with AIDS and HIV. The donation of the van was made by the Elizabeth Taylor HIV/AIDS Foundation and Macy’s.[27]

In the early 1980s, Taylor moved to Bel Air, Los Angeles, California, which is her current home. She also owns homes in Palm Springs, London and Hawaii.

Taylor is a supporter of Kabbalah and member of the Kabbalah Centre. She encouraged long-time friend Michael Jackson to wear a red string as protection from the evil-eye during his 2005 trial for molestation, where he was eventually cleared of all charges. On 6 October 1991, Taylor had married construction worker Larry Fortensky at Jackson’s Neverland Ranch.[citation needed] In 1997, Jackson presented Taylor with the exclusively written-for-her epic song “Elizabeth, I Love You”, performed on the day of her 65th birthday celebration.

In October 2007, Taylor won a legal battle, over a Van Gogh painting in her possession, View of the Asylum and Chapel at Saint Remy. The United States Supreme Court refused to reconsider a legal suit filed by four persons claiming that the artwork belonged to one of their Jewish ancestors,[28] regardless of any statute of limitations.

Taylor attended Michael Jackson’s private funeral on 3 September 2009.[29]

Personal life

Marriages

Taylor has been married eight times to seven husbands:

  • Conrad “Nicky” Hilton (6 May 1950 – 29 January 1951) (divorced)
  • Michael Wilding (21 February 1952 – 26 January 1957) (divorced)
  • Michael Todd (2 February 1957 – 22 March 1958) (widowed)
  • Eddie Fisher (12 May 1959 – 6 March 1964) (divorced)
  • Richard Burton (15 March 1964 – 26 June 1974) (divorced)
  • Richard Burton (10 October 1975 – 29 July 1976) (divorced)
  • Note: between 1975 and 1976, Taylor was the “companion” to the Iranian ambassador to Washington, Ardeshir Zahedi. They were dubbed “the hottest couple”, and both divorced their significant others during their relationship. Taylor even traveled with him to Tehran for a time. Shah Reza Pahlavi convinced Zahedi to end his relationship with Taylor.
  • John Warner (4 December 1976 – 7 November 1982) (divorced)
  • Larry Fortensky (6 October 1991 – 31 October 1996) (divorced)

Children

With Wilding (two sons):

  • Michael Howard Wilding (born 6 January 1953)
  • Christopher Edward Wilding (born 27 February 1955)

With Todd (one daughter):

  • Elizabeth Frances “Liza” Todd (born 6 August 1957)

With Burton (one daughter):

  • Maria Burton (born 1 August 1961; adopted 1964)

In 1971, Taylor became a grandmother at the age of 39. She has nine grandchildren (as of January 2011).

Treatment for alcoholism

In the 1980s, she received treatment for alcoholism.[30]

Hospitalization

Taylor has dealt with various health problems over the years, including issues regarding congestive heart failure. [31] In February of 2011, new symptoms related to congestive heart failure caused her to be admitted into Cedars-Sinai Medical Center for treatment. As of February 13, 2011, she is reportedly being kept at the hospital for monitoring. [32]

Filmography

List of awards and honors

Taylor won two Academy Awards both for Best Actress, and was awarded the Jean Herscholt Humanitarian Academy Award in 1992 for her work fighting AIDS. She joined the list of two time Academy Award winning Best Actress winners which includes Luise Rainer, Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland, Vivien Leigh, Ingrid Bergman, Glenda Jackson, Jane Fonda, Sally Field, Jodie Foster and Hillary Swank. (Bergman has a Best Supporting Actress Oscar as well, and Helen Hayes, Maggie Smith, Jessica Lange and Meryl Streep have an Oscar apiece for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress. Katharine Hepburn has 4 Best Actress Oscars.) [33] In 1999, Taylor was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ “Elizabeth Taylor, The Columbia Encyclopedia”. Questia.com. http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/taylor-elizabeth.jsp. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  2. ^ Elizabeth Taylor failed to renounce U.S. citizenship
  3. ^ S.S. Manhattan, 27 April 1939, sheet 25. Ancestry.com. New York Passenger Lists, 1820–1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.
  4. ^ S.S. President Roosevelt, 1 November 1939, sheet 209. New York Passenger Lists, 1820–1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006.
  5. ^ Bayard, Louis. “Violet Eyes To Die ForThe Washington Post, 3 September 2006.
  6. ^ Liz:An Intimate Biography of Elizabeth Taylor, by C. David Heymann, Birch Lane Press (1995), page 33
  7. ^ Parish, James Robert; Mank, Gregory W.; Stanke, Don E. (1978). The Hollywood Beauties. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House Publishers. p. 329. ISBN 0-87000-412-3.
  8. ^ Parish, p. 330
  9. ^ a b Parish, p. 331
  10. ^ Parrish, pp. 335–336
  11. ^ Parish, p. 333
  12. ^ Parish, p. 344
  13. ^ Parish, p. 343
  14. ^ Parish, p. 350
  15. ^ CBC Arts (2006-05-31). “Elizabeth Taylor dismisses reports of illness on ‘Larry King Live’”. Cbc.ca. http://www.cbc.ca/arts/story/2006/05/31/taylor-elizabeth-larryking.html. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  16. ^ News Day – Elizabeth Taylor defends Michael Jackson[dead link]
  17. ^ “About Michael Jackson – What others say”. Aboutmichaeljackson.com. http://aboutmichaeljackson.com/m-wfsection+article+articleid-14.html. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  18. ^ “CNN.com – Transcript of Larry King Live”. Transcripts.cnn.com. 2006-05-30. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0605/30/lkl.01.html. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  19. ^ “Elizabeth Taylor”. CelebrityWonder.com. http://www.celebritywonder.com/html/elizabethtaylor.html. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
  20. ^ Taylor inducted into California Hall of Fame, California Museum. Retrieved 2007.
  21. ^ Breaking News: Taylor ‘not planning ninth wedding’
  22. ^ By (2007-09-12). “Elizabeth Taylor Has a New Man”. Variety.com. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117971903.html?categoryid=2062&cs=1. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  23. ^ “Taylor and Winters Still Going Strong”. Etonline.com. http://www.etonline.com/news/2008/07/63383. Retrieved 2010-04-12. [dead link]
  24. ^ “Striking writers give Elizabeth Taylor a pass”. Associated Press. CNN.com. 2007-12-02. Archived from the original on 3 December 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071203112813/http://www.cnn.com/2007/SHOWBIZ/12/02/elizabeth.taylor.ap/index.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
  25. ^ “Elizabeth Taylor”. Divasthesite.com. http://www.divasthesite.com/Acting_Divas/Trivia/Trivia_Elizabeth_Taylor.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-12. [dead link]
  26. ^ “NPG 4861; Queen Mary I”. Npg.org.uk. http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portrait.asp?search=ss&sText=queen+mary+i&LinkID=mp02995&rNo=2&role=sit. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  27. ^ “AIDS Unit Donated by Dame Elizabeth Taylor”. BBC News. 2006-02-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4746044.stm.
  28. ^ Vicini, James (2007-10-29). “Court lets Liz Taylor keep Van Gogh painting”. Reuters.com. http://www.reuters.com/article/entertainmentNews/idUSN2949170020071029. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  29. ^ Netter, Sarah; Lindsay Goldwert (2009-09-03). “Michael Jackson Burial: Private Finale for King of Pop”. ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/MichaelJackson/michael-jackson-burial-private-finale-king-pop/story?id=8476277. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  30. ^ “Elizabeth Taylor at”. Biography.com. http://www.biography.com/articles/Elizabeth-Taylor-9502984. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  31. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ac/20110212/en_ac/7841228_elizabeth_taylor_death_fears_return_after_hospitalization
  32. ^ http://www.dailynews.com/news/ci_17376205?source=rss
  33. ^ “Academy Awards Database at”. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1296791457785. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/about/history.html/index.html. Retrieved 2011-02-04.

Andre Arthur by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

André Arthur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
André Arthur
MP

Incumbent
Assumed office
2006
Preceded by Guy Côté

Born December 21, 1943 (1943-12-21) (age 67)
Quebec City, Quebec
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) divorced
Residence Quebec City, Quebec
Profession Journalist, radio host

André Arthur MP (born December 21, 1943 in Quebec City) is a Canadian radio host and politician. He was elected as an independent Member of Parliament in the riding of Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier in the 2006 Canadian federal election. His father René Arthur and uncle Gérard Arthur were also radio hosts in their days.

Contents

[hide]

Radio career

Arthur began his radio career at CHRC in 1970. He has also appeared on CJRP, CKAC, CKVL, CJMF-FM, CJMS and, most recently (until December 22, 2005), at CKNU-FM and CIMI-FM, all French-language stations. In 2007, for a brief period, he was part of the morning show on CHEQ-FM with Marie Saint-Laurent as well as the web radio station Rockik.com. He is known for his outspoken style and anti-statist politics in a province known for mainly supporting left-of-centre policies, but has nonetheless earned widespread popularity, and earned the nickname le Roi Arthur (“King Arthur”).[1] As a young adult he worked as hockey referee; according to Arthur, this experience taught him how to accept being heavily criticized. He has two children.

Arthur’s career has been marked by a number of lawsuits. He has been sued for defamation by two Quebec Premiers, Lucien Bouchard and Daniel Johnson Jr. He has also faced penalizing decisions by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council, perhaps most notably regarding several on-air statements he made which led to the non-renewal of the licence of CHOI-FM. His most recent gig, as morning and noon host for CKNU in Donnacona, Quebec, ended on December 22, 2005, soon after Genex Communications announced it was selling the station to RNC Media, which declined to renew his contract.

For several years, he opened his radio show with The Muppets‘ theme song.

Television

From 1972 to 1979, in addition to being heard on CHRC, Arthur was a news anchor for the local evening news program at Télé-4 (CFCM-TV, a TVA affiliate) in Quebec City. On August 20, 2008, it was announced that Arthur would host a talk show on the TQS network, starting September 29;[2] however, a federal election was called in the meantime, delaying the starting date. Arthur successfully ran for MP in the 2008 election.[3]

TQS announced the show’s cancellation on August 5, 2009.[4]

Politics

André Arthur is a self-described libertarian, and his political views are generally in line with the libertarian ideology. He generally opposes the concept of government intervention in the economy, and supports tax cuts (as opposed to subsidies) as the most efficient way to promote economic growth and respect individual liberty.

He is also a noted admirer of the United States, which he perceives to be less intrusive in people’s lives. Arthur claims that if he were an American citizen he would never vote for George W. Bush as President – one factor being Arthur’s opposition to the Iraq War. Nonetheless, Arthur considers George W. Bush (as well as Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper) to be very consistent, a quality that he admires.

Arthur is a federalist. He is known for his opposition to Quebec sovereignty, not so much because of any profound attachment to Canada, but because he fears independence would increase what he sees as the socialist tendencies of Quebec as a political entity. According to a number of Parti Québécois analysts, Arthur’s influence was a significant cause of the lower-than-expected “Yes” vote in the Quebec City area in the 1995 referendum.[5]

He was elected in the 2006 Canadian federal election as an Independent Member of Parliament for the Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier district of Quebec. In winning the riding, Arthur became the first truly independent and non-incumbent candidate to be elected to the House of Commons since Tony Roman won an Ontario district in 1984. Arthur officially became a candidate on January 2, 2006, three weeks before Election Day. Having the advantage of name recognition and running an intensive pre-campaign every day for about two months during his morning and noon shows, he used no campaign paraphernalia and spent only $924 on his campaign. Arthur boasts of being “the cheapest Member of Parliament in Canada“, claiming to have spent less than any other elected candidate at this election.

On January 25, 2006, in an interview with Anna Maria Tremonti, host of CBC Radio One‘s morning news program The Current, Arthur stated that he would not join any political party during the then-current parliament, but he did note that the policies of the governing Conservative Party of Canada best reflect his personal political beliefs and stances on many major issues. He also stated that he entered politics as an independent with the influence and record of non-affiliated MP Chuck Cadman, the most recent MP to be elected to the House of Commons as an independent, in mind. It was reported in May 2006 that he might consider joining the Conservatives,[6] however he later denied this saying his comments had been misinterpreted.[7]

Arthur’s 2006 bid was not his first attempt to win political office, although he claim that his 2006 bid was the only time he really wanted to be elected (according to Arthur, in previous candidacies his goal had been to divide the results. He ran as an Independent candidate from the Louis-Hébert district in the 1994 Quebec provincial election. He finished second with 29% of the vote, behind Parti Québécois candidate Paul Bégin (39%).

In 1997, Arthur ran against incumbent Mayor Andrée Boucher of Sainte-Foy. Boucher was re-elected and Arthur finished second with 33% of the vote.

On November 30, 2006 Arthur announced in a press conference that he had been diagnosed with prostate cancer and would be receiving treatment at Quebec City‘s Hotel-Dieu hospital in the coming weeks. He also mentioned that despite the cancer, he would remain in his post as the MP for Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier.[8]

The Conservative Party decided not to run a candidate against Arthur in the 2008 federal election.[9] This decision proved to be decisive in his re-election; Arthur won the seat with only 33.5% of the vote, against 32% for Richard Coté of the Bloc Québécois.

André Arthur has the record of absentism in the parliament due to his other occupations including the hosting of radio and television shows.

Ethnic origins

Arthur’s father and uncle, René and Gérard, were Armenian immigrant children who came from Constantinople to Montreal in the 1910s, fleeing the Armenian genocide, with their parents and siblings, via New York. According to Arthur, the family was mistakenly considered to be Jewish by some Montreal residents at the time, because their last name contained the name Isaac, thus being victims of antisemitism. Consequently, the family changed its name to Arthur, a French-sounding name, which was also André Arthur’s grandfather’s first name (he was alternatively known as Arthur Isakian or Arthur DerSahag, Sahag meaning Isaac in Armenian).

Arthur’s mother was a Québécoise by the name of Tanguay, a name that originally came from Brittany to Quebec in the 17th century.

On November 17, 1998, during a broadcast on CKVL, Arthur attacked taxi drivers in Montreal, especially those who were “Arab and Haitian”. According to the summary of facts presented in the Superior Court, Arthur denounced “their incompetence and filthiness, while suggesting they get their licenses by corruption and are somehow responsible for the deplorable state of this mode of transport in the city.”[10]

On February 17, 2011, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in favor of Arthur.

Malenfant TV serie

In december 2009, cable channel Série+ announced it would broadcast in the winter of 2011 a four-part miniseries on Raymond Malenfant, produced by Ricardo Trogi. The role of Raymond Malenfant will be played by Luc Picard and Francis Cantin (Raymond Malenfant young adult). The role of André Arthur (1986, 1991 and 2001) will be played by Jean-François Porlier.[1]

See also

References

Elton John by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Elton John

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir Elton John

Elton John in July 2008
Background information
Birth name Reginald Kenneth Dwight
Born 25 March 1947 (1947-03-25) (age 63)
Pinner, Middlesex, England
Genres Rock, glam rock, soft rock, R&B, pop rock
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, record producer
Instruments Vocals, piano, keyboards
Years active 1964–present
Labels DJM, Uni, MCA, Geffen, Rocket/Island, Universal, Interscope, Mercury, UMG
Associated acts Bernie Taupin, Tim Rice, John Lennon, Yoko Ono, Kiki Dee, Billy Joel, George Michael, Eminem, Gladys Knight, Stevie Wonder, Dionne Warwick, Neil Sedaka
Website eltonjohn.com

Sir Elton Hercules John, CBE (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) is an English singer-songwriter, composer and pianist. He has worked with his songwriting partner Bernie Taupin since 1967; they have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date.

In his four-decade career John has sold more than 250 million records, making him one of the most successful artists of all time.[1] His single “Candle in the Wind 1997” has sold over 33 million copies worldwide, and is the best selling single in Billboard history.[2] He has more than 50 Top 40 hits, including seven consecutive No. 1 US albums, 56 Top 40 singles, 16 Top 10, four No. 2 hits, and nine No. 1 hits. He has won six Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award and a Tony Award. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him Number 49 on its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time.[3]

John was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.[4] He has been heavily involved in the fight against AIDS since the late 1980s,[5] and was knighted in 1998.[6]In 1992 he established the Elton John AIDS Foundation and a year later began hosting the annual Academy Award Party, which has since become one of the most high-profile Oscar parties in the Hollywood film industry. Since its inception, the foundation has raised over $200 million. John entered into a civil partnership with David Furnish[7] on 21 December 2005 and continues to be a champion for LGBT social movements. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked him as the most successful male solo artist on “The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists” (third overall, behind only The Beatles and Madonna).[8]

Contents

[hide]

Biography and career

Early life

John was born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947, the eldest child of Stanley and only child of Sheila Eileen (née Harris) Dwight[9][10][11] and was raised in Pinner, Middlesex in a council house of his maternal grandparents. His parents did not marry until he was 6 years old, when the family moved to a nearby semi-detached house.[12][13][14] He was educated at Pinner Wood Junior School, Reddiford School and Pinner County Grammar School, until age 17, when he left just prior to his A Level examinations to pursue a career in the music industry.[15][16][17]

When John began to seriously consider a career in music, his father, who served as a Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, tried to steer him toward a more conventional career, such as banking.[15] John has stated that his wild stage costumes and performances were his way of letting go after such a restrictive childhood.[17] Both of John’s parents were musically inclined, his father having been a trumpet player with the Bob Millar Band, a semi-professional big band that played at military dances.[17] The Dwights were keen record buyers, exposing John to the popular singers and musicians of the day, and John remembers being immediately hooked on rock and roll when his mother brought home records by Elvis Presley and Bill Haley & His Comets in 1956.[15][16]

John started playing the piano at the age of 3, and within a year, his mother heard him picking out Winifred Atwell‘s “The Skater’s Waltz” by ear.[15][16] After performing at parties and family gatherings, at the age of 7 he took up formal piano lessons. He showed musical aptitude at school, including the ability to compose melodies, and gained some notoriety by playing like Jerry Lee Lewis at school functions. At the age of 11, he won a junior scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music. According to one of his instructors, John promptly played back, like a “gramophone record”, a four-page piece by Handel that he heard for the first time.[16]

For the next five years he attended Saturday classes at the Academy in central London, and has stated that he enjoyed playing Chopin and Bach and singing in the choir during Saturday classes, but that he was not otherwise a diligent classical student.[16] “I kind of resented going to the Academy”, he says. “I was one of those children who could just about get away without practicing and still pass, scrape through the grades.”[16] He even claims that he would sometimes skip classes and just ride around on the Tube.[16] However, several instructors have testified that he was a “model student”, and during the last few years he was taking lessons from a private tutor in addition to his classes at the Academy.[16]

John’s mother, though also strict with her son, was more vivacious than her husband, and something of a free spirit. With Stanley Dwight uninterested in his son and often physically absent, John was raised primarily by his mother and maternal grandmother. When his father was home, the Dwights would have terrible arguments that greatly distressed their son.[16] John was 15 when they divorced. His mother then married a local painter, Fred Farebrother, a caring and supportive stepfather who John affectionately referred to as “Derf”, his first name in reverse.[16] They moved into flat No. 1A in an eight-unit apartment building called Frome Court, not far from both previous homes. It was there that John would write the songs that would launch his career as a rock star; he would live there until he had four albums simultaneously in the American Top 40.[18]

Pub pianist to staff songwriter (1962–1969)

At the age of 15, with the help of his mother and stepfather, Reginald Dwight became a weekend pianist at a nearby pub, the Northwood Hills Hotel, playing Thursday to Sunday nights for £35 a week and tips.[19][20] Known simply as “Reggie”, he played a range of popular standards, including songs by Jim Reeves and Ray Charles, as well as songs he had written himself.[21][22] A stint with a short-lived group called the Corvettes rounded out his time.[16]

In 1964, Dwight and his friends formed a band called Bluesology. By day, he ran errands for a music publishing company; he divided his nights between solo gigs at a London hotel bar and working with Bluesology. By the mid-1960s, Bluesology was backing touring American soul and R&B musicians like The Isley Brothers, Major Lance, Billy Stewart, Doris Troy and Patti LaBelle and The Bluebelles. In 1966, the band became musician Long John Baldry‘s supporting band and played 16 times at The Marquee Club.[23]

After failing lead vocalist auditions for King Crimson and Gentle Giant, Dwight answered an advertisement in the New Musical Express placed by Ray Williams, then the A&R manager for Liberty Records.[24] At their first meeting, Williams gave Dwight a stack of lyrics written by Bernie Taupin, who had answered the same ad. Dwight wrote music for the lyrics, and then mailed it to Taupin, beginning a partnership that still continues. In 1967, what would become the first Elton John/Bernie Taupin song, “Scarecrow”, was recorded; when the two first met, six months later, Dwight was going by the name “Elton John”, in homage to Bluesology saxophonist Elton Dean and Long John Baldry.[21]

The team of John and Taupin joined Dick James‘s DJM Records as staff songwriters in 1968, and over the next two years wrote material for various artists, like Roger Cook and Lulu.[25] Taupin would write a batch of lyrics in under an hour and give it to John, who would write music for them in half an hour, disposing of the lyrics if he couldn’t come up with anything quickly.[25] For two years, they wrote easy-listening tunes for James to peddle to singers. Their early output included a contender for the British entry for the Eurovision Song Contest in 1969, for Lulu, called “Can’t Go On (Living Without You)”. It came sixth of six songs. In 1969, John also provided piano for Roger Hodgson on his first ever musical recording.[26]

During this period, John was also a session musician for other artists including playing piano on The Hollies‘ “He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother” and singing backing vocals for The Scaffold.[27]

Debut album to Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (1969–1973)

On the advice of music publisher Steve Brown, John and Taupin started writing more complex songs for John to record for DJM. The first was the single “I’ve Been Loving You” (1968), produced by Caleb Quaye, former Bluesology guitarist. In 1969, with Quaye, drummer Roger Pope, and bassist Tony Murray, John recorded another single, “Lady Samantha“, and an album, Empty Sky.

For their follow-up album, Elton John, John and Taupin enlisted Gus Dudgeon as producer and Paul Buckmaster as musical arranger. Elton John was released in the April 1970 on DJM Records/Pye Records in the UK and Uni Records in the USA, and established the formula for subsequent albums; gospel-chorded rockers and poignant ballads. The first single from the album, “Border Song“, made into the US Top 100, peaking at Number 92. The second single “Your Song” made the US Top Ten, peaking at number eight and becoming John’s first hit single as a singer. The album soon became his first hit album, reaching number four on the Billboard 200 album chart.[28]

Backed by ex-Spencer Davis Group drummer Nigel Olsson and bassist Dee Murray, John’s first American concert took place at The Troubadour in Los Angeles in August 1970, and was a success.[29]

The concept album Tumbleweed Connection was released in October 1970, and reached the Top Ten on the Billboard 200. The live album 17-11-70 (11-17-70 in the US) was recorded at a live show aired from A&R Studios on WABC-FM in New York City. Sales of the live album were heavily hit in the US when an east coast bootlegger released the performance several weeks before the official album, including all 60 minutes of the aircast, not just the 40 minutes selected by Dick James Music.[30]

Elton John in the Musikhalle Hamburg in March 1972

John and Taupin then wrote the soundtrack to the obscure film Friends and then the album Madman Across the Water, the latter reaching the Top Ten and producing the hit “Levon“, while the soundtrack album produced the hit “Friends”. In 1972, Davey Johnstone joined the Elton John Band on guitar and backing vocals. The band released Honky Chateau, which became John’s first American number 1 album, spending five weeks at the top of the charts and spawning the hit singles “Rocket Man (I Think It’s Going To Be A Long, Long Time)” (which is often compared to David Bowie‘s “Space Oddity“) and “Honky Cat“.[31]

The pop album Don’t Shoot Me I’m Only the Piano Player came out at the start of 1973, and produced the hits “Crocodile Rock” and “Daniel“; the former became his first US Billboard Hot 100 number one hit.[32] Both the album and “Crocodile Rock” were the first album and single, respectively on the consolidated MCA Records label in the USA, replacing MCA’s other labels including Uni.

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road gained instant critical acclaim and topped the chart on both sides of the Atlantic, remaining at Number 1 for two months.[33] It also temporarily established John as a glam rock star. It contained the number 1 hit “Bennie and the Jets“, along with the popular and praised “Goodbye Yellow Brick Road“, “Candle in the Wind“, “Saturday Night’s Alright for Fighting“, “Funeral For A Friend/Love Lies Bleeding” and “Grey Seal” (originally recorded and released in 1970 as the B-side to the UK-only single, “Rock and Roll Madonna”). There is also a VHS and DVD as part of the Classic Albums series, discussing the making, recording, and popularity of “Goodbye Yellow Brick Road” through concert and home video footage including interviews.

Rocket Records to 21 at 33 (1974–1979)

John formed his own MCA-distributed label Rocket Records and signed acts to it – notably Neil Sedaka (“Bad Blood”, on which he sang background vocals) and Kiki Dee – in which he took personal interest. Instead of releasing his own records on Rocket, he opted for $8 million offered by MCA. When the contract was signed in 1974, MCA reportedly took out a $25 million insurance policy on John’s life.[34]

In 1974 a collaboration with John Lennon took place, resulting in Elton John covering The Beatles’ “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” and Lennon’s “One Day at a Time”, and in return Elton John and band being featured on Lennon’s “Whatever Gets You thru the Night“. In what would be Lennon’s last live performance, the pair performed these two number 1 hits along with the Beatles classic “I Saw Her Standing There” at Madison Square Garden. Lennon made the rare stage appearance to keep the promise he made that he would appear on stage with Elton if “Whatever Gets You Thru The Night” became a number 1 single.[35]

Caribou was released in 1974, and although it reached number 1, it was widely considered[36] a lesser quality album. Reportedly recorded in a scant two weeks between live appearances, it featured “The Bitch Is Back[36] and John’s versatility in orchestral songs with “Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me“.[36]

Pete Townshend of The Who asked John to play a character called the “Local Lad” in the film of the rock opera Tommy, and to perform a song named “Pinball Wizard“. Drawing on power chords, John’s version was recorded and used for the movie release in 1975 and the single came out in 1976 (1975 in the US). The song charted at number 7 in England. Bally subsequently released a “Captain Fantastic” pinball machine featuring an illustration of John in his movie guise.

Elton John performing live in 1975

In the 1975 autobiographical album Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy, John revealed his previously ambiguous personality, with Taupin’s lyrics describing their early days as struggling songwriters and musicians in London. The lyrics and accompanying photo booklet are infused with a specific sense of place and time that is otherwise rare in John’s music. “Someone Saved My Life Tonight” was the hit single from this album and captured an early turning point in John’s life.

The album’s release signalled the end of the Elton John Band, as an unhappy and overworked John dismissed Olsson and Murray, two people who had contributed much of the band’s signature sound and who had helped build his live following since the beginning. Johnstone and Ray Cooper were retained, Quaye and Roger Pope returned, and the new bassist was Kenny Passarelli; this rhythm section provided a heavier-sounding backbeat. James Newton-Howard joined to arrange in the studio and to play keyboards. John introduced the lineup before a crowd of 75,000 in London’s Wembley Stadium.

Rock-oriented Rock of the Westies entered the US albums chart at number 1 like Captain Fantastic, a previously unattained feat. Elton John’s stage wardrobe now included ostrich feathers, $5,000 spectacles that spelled his name in lights, and dressing up like the Statue of Liberty, Donald Duck, or Mozart among others at his concerts.[37][38]

To celebrate five years since he first appeared at the venue, in 1975 John played a two-night, four-show stand at The Troubadour. With seating limited to under 500 per show, the chance to purchase tickets was determined by a postcard lottery, with each winner allowed two tickets. Everyone who attended the performances received a hardbound “yearbook” of the band’s history. That year he also played piano on Kevin AyersSweet Deceiver, and was among the first and few white artists to appear on the black music series Soul Train on American television.[33]

In 1976, the live album Here and There in May, then the Blue Moves album in October, which contained the single “Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word“, were released. His biggest success in 1976 was the “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart“, a duet with Kiki Dee that topped both the American and British charts. Finally, in an interview with Rolling Stone that year entitled “Elton’s Frank Talk”, John stated that he was bisexual.[39]

Besides being the most commercially successful period, 1970 – 1976 is also held in the most regard critically. Within only a three year span, between 1972-75 John saw seven consecutive albums reach Number 1 in the charts, which had not been accomplished before.[33] Of the six Elton John albums to make the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time in Rolling Stone’in 2003, all are from this period, with Goodbye Yellow Brick Road ranked highest at number 91; similarly, the three Elton John albums given five stars by Allmusic (Tumbleweed Connection, Honky Château, and Captain Fantastic) are all from this period too.

During the same period, John made a guest appearance on the popular Morecambe and Wise Show on the BBC. The two comics spent the episode pointing him in the direction of everywhere except the stage in order to prevent him singing.[40]

In November 1977 John announced he was retiring from performing; Taupin began collaborating with others. Now only producing one album a year, John issued A Single Man in 1978, employing a new lyricist, Gary Osborne; the album produced no singles that made the Top 20 in the US but the two singles from the album released in the UK, Part-Time Love and Song for Guy, both made the Top 20 in the UK with the latter reaching the Top 5. In 1979, accompanied by Ray Cooper, John became the first Western pop star to tour the Soviet Union (as well as one of the first in Israel), then mounted a two-man comeback tour of the US in small halls. John returned to the singles chart with “Mama Can’t Buy You Love” (number 9, 1979), a song originally rejected in 1977 by MCA before being released, recorded in 1977 with Philadelphia soul producer Thom Bell.[41] Elton reported that Thom Bell was the first person to give him voice lessons; Bell encouraged John to sing in a lower register. A disco-influenced album, Victim of Love, was poorly received. In 1979, John and Taupin reunited. 21 at 33, released the following year, was a significant career boost, aided by his biggest hit in four years, “Little Jeannie” (number 3 US), although the lyrics were written by Gary Osborne.

The 80s:The Fox to Sleeping with the Past (1981–1989)

Elton performing at the National Stadium, Dublin 26 March 1979

His 1981 album, The Fox, was recorded in part during the same sessions as 21 at 33, and also included collaborations with Tom Robinson and Judie Tzuke. On 13 September 1980, John, with Olsson and Murray back in the Elton John Band, performed a free concert to an estimated 400,000 fans on The Great Lawn in Central Park in New York City. His 1982 hit “Empty Garden (Hey Hey Johnny)“, came from his Jump Up! album, his second under a new US recording contract with Geffen Records.

He married his close friend and sound engineer, Renate Blauel on Valentine’s Day 1984 – the marriage lasted three years.[42] The Biography Channel Special detailed the loss of Elton’s voice in 1986 while on tour in Australia. Shortly thereafter he underwent throat surgery, which permanently altered his voice. Several non-cancerous polyps were removed from his vocal cords, resulting in a change in his singing voice.[43] In 1987 he won a libel case against The Sun which published allegations of sex with rent boys.[44]

With original band members Johnstone, Murray and Olsson together again, John was able to return to the charts with the 1983 hit album Too Low For Zero, which included “I’m Still Standing” and “I Guess That’s Why They Call It the Blues“, the latter of which featured Stevie Wonder on harmonica and reached number 4 in the US, giving John his biggest hit there since “Little Jeannie”. He placed hits in the US Top Ten throughout the 1980s – “Little Jeannie” (number 3, 1980), “Sad Songs (Say So Much)” (number 5, 1984), “Nikita” boosted by a mini-movie pop video directed by Ken Russell (number 7, 1986), a live orchestral version of “Candle in the Wind” (number 6, 1987), and “I Don’t Wanna Go On With You Like That” (number 2, 1988). His highest-charting single was a collaboration with Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder on “That’s What Friends Are For” (number 1, 1985); credited as Dionne and Friends, the song raised funds for AIDS research. His albums continued to sell, but of the six released in the latter half of the 1980s, only Reg Strikes Back (number 16, 1988) placed in the Top 20 in the United States.

In 1985, Elton John was one of the many performers at Live Aid held at Wembley Stadium.[45] John played “Bennie and the Jets” and “Rocket Man”; then “Don’t Go Breaking My Heart” with Kiki Dee for the first time in years; and introduced his friend George Michael, still then of Wham!, to sing “Don’t Let The Sun Go Down On Me”.[45] He enlisted Michael to sing backing vocals on his single “Wrap Her Up“, and also recruited teen idol Nik Kershaw as an instrumentalist on “Nikita”. John also recorded material with Millie Jackson in 1985. In 1986, he played the piano on two tracks on the heavy metal band Saxon’s album Rock the Nations.

In 1988, he performed five sold-out shows at New York’s Madison Square Garden,[46] giving him 26 for his career. Netting over $20 million, 2,000 items of John’s memorabilia were auctioned off at Sotheby’s in London.[47]

The 90s: “Sacrifice” to Aida (1990–1999)

In 1990, John would finally achieve his first UK number one hit on his own, with “Sacrifice” (coupled with “Healing Hands“) from the previous year’s album Sleeping with the Past; it would stay at the top spot for six weeks.[48] The following year, John’s “Basque” won the Grammy for Best Instrumental, and a guest concert appearance he had made on George Michael‘s cover of “Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me” was released as a single and topped the charts in both the US and UK.[49]

In 1992 he released the US number 8 album The One, featuring the hit song “The One“.[50][51] John and Taupin then signed a music publishing deal with Warner/Chappell Music for an estimated $39 million over 12 years, giving them the largest cash advance in music publishing history.[52] In April 1992, John appeared at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at Wembley Stadium, performing “The Show Must Go On” with the remaining members of Queen, and “Bohemian Rhapsody” with Axl Rose and Queen.[53] The following year, he released Duets, a collaboration with 15 artists including Tammy Wynette and RuPaul. This also included a new collaboration with Kiki Dee, entitled “True Love”, which reached the Top 10 of the UK charts, and a duet with Eric Clapton on “Runaway Train”, which also charted.[54]

Along with Tim Rice, Elton John wrote the songs for the 1994 Disney animated film The Lion King, which became the 3rd highest-grossing animated feature of all time.[55] At the 67th Academy Awards ceremony, The Lion King provided three of the five nominees for the Academy Award for Best Song, which John won with “Can You Feel the Love Tonight“.[56] Both that and “Circle of Life” became hit songs for John.[57][58] “Can You Feel the Love Tonight” would also win Elton John the Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the 37th Grammy Awards.[56] After the release of the The Lion King soundtrack, the album remained at the top of Billboard‘s charts for nine weeks. On 10 November 1999, the RIAA certified The Lion KingDiamond” for selling 15 million copies.[2]

In 1995 John released Made in England (number 3, 1995), which featured the single “Believe”.[59] Also, a compilation called Love Songs was released the following year.[60]

Early in 1997 John held a 50th birthday party, costumed as Louis XIV, for 500 friends. John also performed with the surviving members of Queen in Paris at the opening night (17 January 1997) of Le Presbytère N’a Rien Perdu De Son Charme Ni Le Jardin De Son Éclat, a work by French ballet legend Maurice Béjart which draws upon AIDS and the deaths of Freddie Mercury and the company’s principal dancer Jorge Donn. Later in 1997, two close friends died: designer Gianni Versace was murdered; Diana, Princess of Wales died in a Paris car crash on 31 August.[61]

In early September, John contacted his writing partner Bernie Taupin, asking him to revise the lyrics of his 1973 song “Candle in the Wind” to honour Diana, and Taupin rewrote the song accordingly.[62] On 6 September 1997, John performed “Candle in the Wind 1997” at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales in Westminster Abbey.[63] The song became the fastest, and biggest-selling single of all time, eventually selling over 33 million copies worldwide.[2][64][65] The best-selling single in UK Chart history, it sold 4.86 million copies in the UK.[66] The best-selling single in Billboard history, and the only single ever certified Diamond in the United States, the single sold over 11 million copies in the U.S.[67][68] The song proceeds of approximately £55 million were donated to the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. It would win John the Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the 40th Grammy Awards ceremony in 1998.[65] John has publicly performed “Candle in the Wind 1997″ only once, at Diana’s funeral, vowing never to perform it again unless asked by Diana’s sons.[69]

In the musical theatre world, in addition to a 1998 adaptation of The Lion King for Broadway, John also composed music for a Disney production of Aida in 1999 with lyricist Tim Rice, for which they received the Tony Award for Best Original Score at the 54th Tony Awards,[70] and the Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album at the 43rd Grammy Awards.[71][72] The musical was given its world premiere in the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta. It went on to Chicago and eventually Broadway. He also released a live compilation album called Elton John One Night Only – The Greatest Hits from the show he did at Madison Square Garden in New York City that same year.

2000 to present

Elton John performs at the Keepmoat Stadium in Doncaster, July 2008

In 2000, John and Tim Rice teamed again to create songs for DreamWorks‘ animated film The Road To El Dorado. In August 2003, John scored his fifth UK number one single when “Are You Ready for Love” topped the UK Charts.[73] Returning again to musical theatre, John composed music for a West End Theatre production of Billy Elliot the Musical in 2005 with playwright Lee Hall. John’s only theatrical project with Bernie Taupin so far is Lestat: The Musical, based on the Anne Rice vampire novels. However it was slammed by the critics and closed in May 2006 after 39 performances.[74]

John was named a Disney Legend for his numerous outstanding contributions to Disney’s films and theatrical works on 9 October 2006, by The Walt Disney Company.[75] In 2006 he told Rolling Stone magazine that he plans for his next record to be in the R&B/hip-hop genre. “I want to work with Pharrell {Williams}, Timbaland, Snoop {Dogg}, Kanye {West}, Eminem and just see what happens.”[76]

In March 2007 he performed at Madison Square Garden for a record breaking 60th time for his 60th birthday, the concert was broadcast live and a DVD recording was released as Elton 60 – Live at Madison Square Garden;[77] a greatest-hits compilation CD, Rocket Man – Number Ones, was released in 17 different versions worldwide, including a CD/DVD combo; and his back catalogue – almost 500 songs from 32 albums – became available for legal download.[78]

In a September 2008 interview with GQ magazine, John said: “I’m going on the road again with Billy Joel again next year,” referring to “Face to Face,” a series of concerts featuring both musicians. The tour began in March and will continue for at least two more years.[79]

In October 2003, John announced that he had signed an exclusive agreement to perform 75 shows over three years at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip. The show, entitled The Red Piano, was a multimedia concert featuring massive props and video montages created by David LaChapelle. Effectively, he and Celine Dion share performances at Caesars Palace throughout the year – while one performs, one rests. The first of these shows took place on 13 February 2004.[80] On 21 June 2008, he performed his 200th show in Caesars Palace. A DVD/CD package of The Red Piano was released through Best Buy in November 2008. A two year global tour was sandwiched between commitments in Las Vegas, Nevada, some of the venues of which were new to John. The Red Piano Tour closed in Las Vegas in April 2009.

Elton John performed a piano duet with Lady Gaga at the 52nd Grammy Awards.[81] On 6 June 2010, John performed at the fourth wedding of conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh for a reported US$1 million fee.[82] Eleven days later, and 17 years to the day after his last previous performance in Israel, he performed at the Ramat Gan Stadium; this was significant because of other then-recent cancellations by other performers in the fallout surrounding an Israeli raid on Gaza Flotilla the month before. In his introduction to that concert, Elton John noted he and other musicians should not “cherry-pick our conscience”, in reference to Elvis Costello, who was to have performed in Israel two weeks after Elton did, but cancelled in the wake of the aforementioned raid, citing his [Costello's] conscience.[83][84]

John’s latest studio album is entitled The Union and was released on 19 October 2010. John says his collaboration with American singer-songwriter and sideman Leon Russell marks a new chapter in his recording career, saying: “I don’t have to make pop records any more.”[85]

Artistry

Songwriting

John has written with his song-writing partner Bernie Taupin since 1967 when he answered an advertisement for talent placed in the New Musical Express by Liberty records A&R man Ray Williams. The pair have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date.[86]

The 1991 film documentary Two Rooms described the writing style that John and Taupin use, which involves Taupin writing the lyrics on his own, and John then putting them to music, with the two never in the same room during the process.

Music style

John’s voice was originally a tenor, it is now a baritone.[16] His piano playing is influenced by classical and gospel music.[87] He used Paul Buckmaster to arrange the music on his studio albums during the 1970s.[88]

Personal life

In April 2009, the Sunday Times Rich List estimated John’s wealth to be £175 million ($265 million), and ranked him as the 322nd richest person in Britain.[89]

In a 1976 Rolling Stone interview, he talked about bisexuality, his belief that everyone is bisexual to a degree, and that his first sexual experience was with a woman, the secretary Linda Woodrow to whom he proposed, and who is mentioned in the song “Someone Saved My Life Tonight“.[90][91] John married German recording engineer Renate Blauel on 14 February, 1984, in Sydney, with speculation that the marriage was a cover; when they divorced four years later John told Rolling Stone that he was “comfortable” being gay.[92]

He met his Canadian partner David Furnish, a former advertising executive and now filmmaker, in 1993. On 21 December 2005, they entered into a civil partnership. The night before the event, a host of his closest celebrity friends helped him celebrate his stag party at the cabaret nightclub Too2Much in London’s West End.[93] On the actual day, a low-key ceremony with their parents, photographer Sam Taylor-Wood and her husband Jay Jopling, and John and Furnish’s dog Arthur in attendance was held at the Windsor Guildhall, followed by a lavish party at their Berkshire mansion,[94] thought to have cost £1 million.[95] Many famous guests were invited, but were delayed just outside John’s Windsor household in a traffic jam of guests waiting to get inside.[96]

John has ten godchildren as of March 2006. They include David and Victoria Beckham‘s sons Brooklyn and Romeo, Sean Lennon, Elizabeth Hurley‘s son Damian Charles, and the daughter of Seymour Stein.[97][98][99]

In September 2009, while touring an AIDS orphanage in Ukraine (Makiivka), John stated he wanted to adopt one of the resident children, a 14 month old HIV positive boy named Lev.[100][101] However, Ukrainian Minister of Family, Youth and Sport Yuriy Pavlenko stated that under Ukrainian law John could not adopt Lev due to his age and marital status,[100][102] though John could adopt the baby if the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a separate special law on making him an adoptive parent of the child.[103] In December 2009 Furnish told BBC radio John was devastated that he wasn’t allowed to adopt Lev but that the couple were working to ensure Lev and his brother “have the best health care, education and family options available to them” and the couple would campaign for a change in Ukrainian law.[104]

Throughout his career, John has battled addictions to alcohol and cocaine. By 1975, the pressures of stardom began to take a serious toll on the musician. During “Elton Week” in Los Angeles that year, John suffered a drug overdose.[105] He also battled the eating disorder bulimia. In a CNN interview with Larry King in 2002, King asked if John knew of Diana, Princess of Wales’ eating disorder. John replied, “Yes, I did. We were both bulimic.”[106]

Aside from his main home, ‘Woodside’ at Old Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, John splits his time in his various residences in Atlanta, Nice, Holland Park in London; and Venice. John is an art collector, and is believed to have one of the largest private photography collections in the world.[107]

During the 2000 court case, in which John sued both his former manager John Reid, the CEO of Reid’s company and accountants PricewaterhouseCoopers, he admitted spending £30 million in just under two years – an average of £1.5 million a month, the High Court in London heard. The singer’s lavish lifestyle saw him spend more than £9.6m on property and £293,000 on flowers between January 1996 and September 1997. John accused the pair of being negligent, and PwC of failing in their duties. Mark Hapgood QC for defendants PwC suggested that John went “spending mad” following a £42 million deal with recording company Polygram in February 1996. When quizzed by Mr Hapgood about the £293,000 spent on flowers, John said, “Yes, I like flowers.” John stated that the terms of the contract, whereby John paid Reid 20% of his gross earnings, were agreed in Saint-Tropez in the summer of 1984 – but that he could not remember the exact occasion on which the deal was made.[108] After losing the case, he faced an £8 million bill for legal fees.

In June 2001 John sold 20 of his cars at Christie’s, saying he didn’t get the chance to drive them because he was out of the country so often.[109] The sale, which included a 1993 Jaguar XJ220, the most expensive at £234,750, and several Ferraris, Rolls-Royces, and Bentleys, raised nearly £2 million.[110]

In 2003, John sold the contents of his Holland Park home in a bid to create more room for his collection of contemporary art which includes many works of art by YBAs such as Sam Taylor-Wood and Tracy Emin. The auctioneer Sotheby’s catalogue had a list of more than 400 items, expected to fetch £800,000, including: Biedermeier furniture; early 16th- and 17th-century items, including an Edward Bower estimated at £20,000–£30,000, and two busts of Napoleon.[111]

A longtime tennis enthusiast, John wrote the song “Philadelphia Freedom” in tribute to longtime friend Billie Jean King and her World Team Tennis franchise of the same name. John and King also co-host an annual pro-am event to benefit AIDS charities, most notably John’s own Elton John AIDS Foundation, for which King is a chairperson. The fund was involved in The Reign, too.

John, who maintains a part-time residence in Atlanta, Georgia, became a fan of the Atlanta Braves baseball team when he moved there in 1991.[112]

Every year since 2004, he has opened a shop, selling his second hand clothes. Called “Elton’s Closet” the sale this year of 10,000 items was expected to raise $400,000[113]

John was an Honorary Chair of the Imperial Court of New York’s Annual Charity Coronation Ball, Night of A Thousand Gowns on 21 March 2009. Other Honorary Chairs for the evening’s charity event included Patti LuPone, Idina Menzel, John Cameron Mitchell, Joan Rivers and Dame Robin Strasser.[114]

John and partner David Furnish entered a civil partnership in 2005 after 12 years together. Their son Zachary Jackson Levon Furnish-John was born 25 December 2010 in California via a surrogate. Zachary weighed 7 pounds, 15 ounces.[115][116]. Ingrid Sischy (and her partner Sandy Brant) and Lady Gaga were named Zachary’s godmothers respectively.[117]

Watford Football Club

John became chairman and director of Watford Football Club in 1976, appointing Graham Taylor as manager and investing large sums of money as the club rose three division into the First Division.[118] The pinnacle of the clubs’ success was finishing runners up in the First Division and reaching the FA Cup Final a year later. He sold the club to Jack Petchey in 1987, but remained their life-long president.[119] In 1997 he re-purchased the club from Petchey and once again became chairman. He stepped down in 2002 when the club needed a full-time chairman although he continued as president of the club.[119] Although no longer the majority shareholder, he stills holds a significant financial interest. In June 2005 he held a concert at Watford’s Vicarage Road ground, donating the funds to the club, and another concert in May 2010.[119] For a time he was also a part-owner of the Los Angeles Aztecs of the North American Soccer League.

AIDS Foundation

John has been associated with AIDS charities since the deaths of his friends Ryan White and Freddie Mercury, raising large amounts of money and using his public profile to raise awareness of the disease. For example, in 1986 he joined with Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder to record the single “That’s What Friends Are For“, with all profits being donated to the American Foundation for AIDS Research. The song won John and the others the Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal (as well as Song of the Year for its writers, Burt Bacharach and Carole Bayer Sager). In April 1990, John performed “Skyline Pigeon” at the funeral of White, a teenage haemophiliac he had befriended.

John founded the Elton John AIDS Foundation in 1992 as a charity to fund programmes for HIV/AIDS prevention, for the elimination of prejudice and discrimination against HIV/AIDS-affected individuals, and for providing services to people living with or at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. This cause continues to be one of his personal passions. In early 2006, John donated the smaller of two bright-red Yamaha pianos from his Las Vegas, Nevada show to auction on eBay to raise public awareness and funds for the foundation.

To raise money for his AIDS charity, John hosts annually a glamorous White Tie & Tiara Ball, to which many famous celebrities are invited. On 28 June 2007, the 9th annual White Tie & Tiara Ball took place. The menu consisted of a truffle soufflé followed by Surf and Turf (filet mignon with Maine lobster tail) and a giant Knickerbocker glory ice cream. An auction followed the dinner held by Stephen Fry. A Rolls Royce ‘Phantom’ drophead coupe and a piece of Tracey Emin‘s artwork both raised £800,000 for the charity fund, with the total amount raised reaching £3.5 million.[120] Later on in the event, John sang “Delilah” with Tom Jones and “Big Spender” with Shirley Bassey.[121] Tickets for the Ball cost £1,000 a head. The event raised £4.6 million for his AIDS Foundation in 2006.[122]

Activism

On 1 April 2010, John joined Cyndi Lauper in the launch of her Give a Damn campaign to bring a wider awareness of discrimination of the LGBT community as part of her True Colors Fund.[123] In the advertisement, John states: “Imagine walking down the street and wondering if this is the day you’ll get beaten up, or even killed, simply because of who you are”.[123] The campaign is to bring straight people to stand up with the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered community and stop the discrimination. Other names included in the campaign are Whoopi Goldberg, Jason Mraz, Judith Light, Cynthia Nixon, Kim Kardashian, Clay Aiken, Sharon Osbourne, Kelly Osbourne, and Anna Paquin.[123]

Awards

John was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1994. He and Bernie Taupin had previously been inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1992. John was made a Commander of The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1995.[124] For his charitable work, John was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II on 24 February 1998. In October 1975, John became the 1,662nd person to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[125]

He became a recipient of a Kennedy Center Honor in 2004, and a Disney Legends Award in 2006. In 2010, Elton John was awarded with the PRS for Music Heritage Award, which was erected, on The Namaste Lounge Pub in Watford, where Elton performed his first ever gig.[126]

Music awards include the Academy Award for Best Original Song for “Can You Feel The Love Tonight” from The Lion King (award shared with Tim Rice); the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song in 1994 for “Can You Feel The Love Tonight” from The Lion King (award shared with Tim Rice); and the Tony Award for Best Original Score in 2000 for Elton John and Tim Rice’s Aida (award shared with Tim Rice)

John has six Grammy Awards:

Discography

Soundtracks, scores & theatre albums
Films

Elton John Band

References

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Bibliography

Ryan O’Neal by Wikipedia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Ryan O’Neal

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Ryan O’Neal
Born Charles Patrick Ryan O’Neal, Jr.
April 20, 1941 (1941-04-20) (age 69)
Los Angeles, California, US
Occupation Actor
Years active 1960–present
Spouse Joanna Cook Moore (m. 1963–1967, divorced)
Leigh Taylor-Young (m. 1967–1973, divorced)
Partner Farrah Fawcett
(1982–1997; 2001–2009, her death)
Children Tatum, Griffin, Patrick, Redmond
Parents Charles O’Neal (deceased)
Patricia (née O’Callaghan)

Ryan O’Neal (born Charles Patrick Ryan O’Neal, Jr.;[1] April 20, 1941) is an American actor. He is best known for his role in Love Story, for which he received an Academy Award nomination and Golden Globe nomination for Best Actor. He is also known for starring in Paper Moon along with his real-life daughter Tatum O’ Neal.

Contents

[hide]

Early life

O’Neal was born in Los Angeles, the eldest son of Patricia (née O’Callaghan), who had an acting career,[2] and Charles O’Neal,[3] a Hollywood movie screenwriter who had also acted. His brother, Kevin, is an actor and screenwriter.[3] His maternal grandfather was Irish and his maternal grandmother was Russian.[4] He spent part of his childhood abroad, including Germany. He attended University High School and became a Golden Gloves contender.[5]

Career

TV roles in early career

O’Neal appeared in guest roles on series that included The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Bachelor Father, Leave It to Beaver, Westinghouse Playhouse and Wagon Train. In 1961, he and Leonard Nimoy guest starred in the episode “Doctor’s Orders” on the syndicated western series Two Faces West. In 1962–1963, O’Neal was a regular on NBC’s Empire, another western. He played 21-year-old rancher’s son Tal Garrett. On October 3, 1962, a week after the premiere of Empire, O’Neal guest starred in the premiere episode of the ABC’s Our Man Higgins, starring Stanley Holloway. O’Neal gained enormous popularity from 1964–1966 on the hit prime time ABC soap opera Peyton Place (with fellow newcomer Mia Farrow).

Feature film success

O’Neal’s film career took off beginning with his role in Love Story (1970), earning a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actor. In 1973, he was #2 in the Annual Top Ten Box Office Stars, behind Clint Eastwood.[6] He starred in a series of films for director Peter Bogdanovich, beginning with the screwball comedy What’s Up, Doc? (with Barbra Streisand, 1972); following were Paper Moon (with daughter Tatum O’Neal in an Oscar-winning role, 1973), and Nickelodeon (1976, again with Tatum). Other films of the 1970s included Barry Lyndon (directed by Stanley Kubrick, 1975), A Bridge Too Far (1977), Oliver’s Story (1978, a sequel to Love Story), and the car chase film The Driver (directed by Walter Hill, also 1978).

His film career faded by the end of the 1970s. He starred as a character loosely based on director Bogdanovich in Irreconcilable Differences (1984). He returned to TV in the short-lived CBS series Good Sports (1991, with companion Farrah Fawcett), and as a recurring character on Fox’s Bones (2007–2010).

Personal life

O’Neal was in a long-term (off and on again) relationship with actress Farrah Fawcett until her death. In June 2009, O’Neal said he asked Fawcett again to marry him. O’Neal reported that this time she said yes, and stated that the wedding would happen “as soon as she can say yes”. No ceremony took place before Fawcett’s death on June 25, 2009.[7][8]

He also dated Diana Ross and was linked to Bianca Jagger. He was previously married to actresses Joanna Cook Moore and Leigh Taylor-Young; both marriages ended in divorce. He has four children: Tatum O’Neal and Griffin O’Neal (with Moore), Patrick O’Neal (with Taylor-Young) and Redmond James O’Neal (born January 30, 1985, Los Angeles;[9] with Fawcett).

In 2001 he was diagnosed with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).[10] As of 2006, it is in remission.[11] After struggling with leukemia, O’Neal was frequently seen at Fawcett’s side during when she had cancer. He opened up to People magazine saying, “It’s a love story. I just don’t know how to play this one. I won’t know this world without her. Cancer is an insidious enemy.”[12]

On February 4, 2007, O’Neal was arrested for allegedly assaulting his son, Griffin, in Malibu, California,[13] but the charges were dismissed. Ryan and Redmond O’Neal were arrested on September 17, 2008, after authorities said they found methamphetamine at the actor’s Malibu home during a probation check on Redmond. The elder O’Neal was ordered to participate in a drug awareness program, with Redmond to receive drug rehabilitation on an outpatient basis. Redmond was later incarcerated on separate charges, and briefly allowed to leave jail twice, once to visit his dying mother and later to speak at her funeral.[14]

Awards

Wins

Nominations

Filmography

Television

Jasmin Roy par Wikipédia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Jasmin Roy

Un article de Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre.
Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Roy.

Jasmin Roy est un acteur et animateur de télévision québécois, né le 16 septembre 1965. Il interprète Phillipe Graton dans l’adaptation québécoise de la série télévisée française Caméra café. Il anime aussi l’émission De Bouche À Oreille sur le réseau TVA.

Jasmin a collaboré à l’émission de radio « Le Showbiz Chaud » d’Érick Rémy au 98,5 fm et collabore maintenant à l’émission du samedi et dimanche matin en tant que chroniqueur sur les arts et spectacles.
En 2009 et 2010, dans le cadre d’une coproduction entre le Festival Juste pour Rire et les Célébrations de la Fierté LGBTA, Jasmin Roy présentait ses Gaydailles, des soirées d’humour aux accents gais et lesbiens au Cabaret du Musée Juste pour Rire[1], [2].
En 2010, il sort une autobiographie intitulée Osti de fif! dans laquelle il raconte comment il a été harcelé toute sa vie pour son homosexualité. Son livre contient aussi des témoignages de jeunes homosexuels victimes d’homophobie dans leur milieu scolaire[3],[4].
Outre la radio, Jasmin Roy occupe aussi son temps à l’écriture d’un nouveau livre, qui ne traitera pas d’homophobie comme son précédent. Il s’agira du témoignage d’une comédienne sur la résilience, un cheminement à travers les bas fonds. Publié aux Éditions Trécarré, le livre devrait paraître en 2011, probablement à l’automne [5]

Filmographie

Notes et références

  1. (fr)Du rire et de la conscientisation [archive] sur www.fugues.com
  2. (fr)Les Gaydailles contre-attaquent… et c’est tant mieux! [archive] sur www.fugues.com
  3. (fr)L’injure tatouée au corps et à l’âme [archive] sur www.fugues.com
  4. (fr)Osti de fif ! — Jasmin Roy brise le silence et le cycle de la honte [archive]
  5. (fr)Jasmin Roy entre dans la famille Rythme-FM

Ryan O’Neal par Wikipédia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Ryan O’Neal

Un article de Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre.
Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour les articles homonymes, voir O’Neal.
Ryan O’Neal
Ryan O'Neal en 2007
Ryan O’Neal en 2007

Naissance 20 avril 1941 (1941-04-20) (69 ans)
Los Angeles, Californie Californie
Drapeau : États-Unis États-Unis
Nationalité Drapeau des États-Unis Américaine
Profession(s) Acteur
Films notables Love Story
Barry Lyndon

Ryan O’Neal est un acteur américain né le 20 avril 1941 à Los Angeles. Il est surtout connu pour ses rôles (opposés) dans Love Story, au côté d’Ali McGraw, et dans Barry Lyndon réalisé par Stanley Kubrick.

Sommaire

[masquer]

Carrière

Jeune premier

Ses parents sont Charles O’Neal, scénariste d’origine Irlandaise à Hollywood, et l’actrice Patricia Callaghan. Ryan O’Neal débute, comme Tuesday Weld, Warren Beatty et Ron Howard, dans la série, très populaire en Amérique, Dobie Gillis. Il devient actif à la télévision, apparaissant dans Les Incorruptibles, Le Virginien, Perry Mason, côtoyant John Forsythe, Ronald Reagan et Nancy Travis future Reagan. Il n’est encore qu’un beau garçon parmi tant d’autres mais dès 1962 il joue un rôle régulier à la télévision.

Le jeune premier devient célèbre, en même temps que Mia Farrow, dans le soap opéra Peyton Place, de 1964 à 1969. Le très séduisant débutant a aussi pour partenaire alors, au cinéma, à la télévision et dans la vie, Leigh Taylor-Young. Lorsque la série s’achève, O’Neal tourne un film pour Michael Winner avant de trouver son premier rôle mythique : Love Story lui vaut une nomination aux oscars de 1970 dans la catégorie meilleur acteur. Désormais, le couple qu’il forme avec Ali McGraw prend place dans toutes les anthologies du romantisme.

Star

Après ce triomphe surprise (après les refus de Michael Douglas, Michael York, Michael Sarrazin, Jon Voight, Beau Bridges, Jeff Bridges, Keith Carradine et Peter Fonda, le réalisateur Arthur Hiller ne voulait pas d’O'Neal, imposé par le producteur Robert EvansL’Enfant gâté d’Hollywood, la confession d’un producteur flamboyant), Ryan forme un couple également parfait avec Lesley Ann Warren dans un téléfilm et s’illustre en cowboy naïf face au vétéran William Holden dans le western de Blake Edwards, Deux Hommes dans l’Ouest. Par la suite O’Neal se spécialise dans la comédie, succédant en quelque sorte à Rock Hudson dans On s’fait la valise, Doc ? au côté de la superstar Barbra Streisand, La Barbe à papa (1973) dont il partage l’affiche avec sa fille, lauréate aux Oscars Tatum O’Neal, Nickelodeon (1976) avec Burt Reynolds et Tatum, les trois réalisés par Peter Bogdanovich. Il devient le second acteur le plus important en termes de nombre de films réalisés en 1972. Sacré “prince charmant” de l’écran, il tient dans ses bras Jacqueline Bisset et Stella Stevens.

Barry Lyndon

Entre temps, Ryan O’Neal a interprété le rôle titre de Barry Lyndon, sous la direction du cinéaste culte Stanley Kubrick. Et si son personnage infâme et arriviste ne lui vaut pas la sympathie d’un public cinéphile exigeant (qui ne lui pardonne pas Love Story), sa composition l’immortalise pendant que le grand public passe à côté.

Après Barry Lyndon, la carrière de Ryan devient plus hésitante. Il participe, parmi tant d’autres, au monumental Un pont trop loin et a pour partenaire Isabelle Adjani dans le film noir Driver – un échec public. Il tente un retour avec la suite de Love Story, Oliver’s Story, où Candice Bergen succède à Ali McGraw – le succès est bien moindre. Il reforme avec Barbra Streisand leur couple classique, peine perdue. Ses films suivants, comédies (Partners avec John Hurt, Divorce à Hollywood avec Shelley Long) ou aventures (Opération Green Ice avec Anne Archer et Omar Sharif), ne remplissent pas les salles.

Echecs et retours

Dans les années 80, il tourne dans des films ayant peu de succès, dont la Fièvre du jeu (1985) nommé dans quatre catégories des Razzie Awards 1985, qui lui valurent de plus une nomination aux Razzie Awards 1989 dans la catégorie “pire acteur de la décennie”. Le film, dirigé par le grand Richard Brooks, mériterait d’être plus généralement réévalué. Les Vrais Durs ne dansent pas mis en scène par l’écrivain Norman Mailer n’est pas à la hauteur de son auteur mais demeure un honorable film noir, avec Isabella Rossellini en co-vedette. En 1989, Le Ciel s’est trompé consacre la chute d’O'Neal, éclipsé par Robert Downey Jr. auprès de la belle Cybill Sheperd. La même année, l’acteur rencontre un grand succès avec sa compagne Farrah Fawcett dans le téléfilm dramatique On a tué mes enfants. Succès que le couple, très populaire, tente de réitérer dans la série Good Sports, en 1991.

A cette époque, Ryan O’Neal brille davantage sur le petit écran – les téléfilms 1775 avec Lesley-Anne Down et Un homme au grenier face à la légendaire Katharine Hepburn – que sur le grand, où il collectionne les échecs : Ma femme me tue de Paul Mazursky au côté de Cher, An Alan Smithee Film : Burn Hollywood Burn pour lequel il retrouve Arthur Hiller, le réalisateur de Love Story. En 1998, le très malin La Méthode zéro redore son image. La même année, il croise sur Coming Soon deux fantômes de son passé : Peter Bogdanovich et Mia Farrow. Il passe ensuite du téléfilm de science-fiction au thriller sur grand écran, rejoint Al Pacino et Kim Basinger dans la distribution de Influences, et paraît dans un épisode de Desperate Housewives en 2005, dans le rôle de Rodney Scavo.

Bones

La star surfe sur cette nouvelle vague, entamant la même année un rôle régulier, au côté d’Alicia Silverstone, dans la série Miss Match. L’année suivante, O’Neal incarne pour la première fois le père (assassin) de l’héroïne de la série Bones.

Vie personnelle

O’Neal a longtemps partagé sa vie avec parfois des interruptions avec l’actrice Farrah Fawcett. Il est de notoriété publique qu’il est sorti avec Diana Ross quelque temps. Il a été marié avec l’actrice Joanna Moore et Leigh Taylor-Young. Il a quatre enfants : Tatum O’Neal, Griffin O’Neal (avec Moore), Patrick O’Neal, commentateur sportif (avec Taylor-Young) et Redmond O’Neal (avec Farrah Fawcett; pour mémoire, le rôle qui a propulsé Ryan O’Neal au premier plan est celui de Redmond Barry).

Santé

En 2001 il a été diagnostiqué comme ayant une leucémie myéloïde chronique ; en 2006, il est en rémission. Après son combat contre la leucémie, O’Neal est resté fréquemment au côté de sa compagne, Farrah Fawcett, durant son combat contre le cancer. Farrah meurt à Los Angeles le 25 juin 2009 à 62 ans.

Filmographie partielle

Lady Alys Robi par Wikipédia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Alys Robi

Un article de Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre.
Page d'aide sur l'homonymie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alys Robi (homonymie).
Alys Robi
AlysRobi.png

Nom Alice Robitaille
Naissance 3 février 1923
Québec, Québec
Activité principale Chanteuse
Genre musical Chanson
Années d’activité 1930-1952; 1979-

Alys Robi (née Alice Robitaille le 3 février 1923 à Québec) est une chanteuse populaire québécoise.

Sommaire

[masquer]

Biographie

Alys Robi est née à Québec en 1923 dans le quartier ouvrier de Saint-Sauveur et commence sa carrière de chanteuse à l’âge de quatre ans en présentant des tours de chants lors de galas de lutte auxquels participe son père et des spectacles en plein air sur les Plaines d’Abraham. En 1930, elle présente son premier concert officiel au Théâtre Capitole à Québec et chante à la radio.

Première carrière

En 1936, elle est engagée au Théâtre National, à Montréal, dans la troupe de Rose Ouellette. Sous sa direction, elle apprend le métier d’actrice pendant les 75 semaines que durent son contrat. Elle y côtoie les grands artistes burlesques de l’époque tels Juliette Petrie, Manda Parent et Olivier Guimond avec qui elle a une longue relation. Elle continue sa carrière dans les cabarets montréalais tout en effectuant régulièrement des performances radiophoniques pendant lesquelles elle se spécialise dans la musique latino-américaine afin de conquérir le Canada anglais.

C’est pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale que Lady Alys Robi grimpa les échelons de la notoriété. En 1942, elle enregistre Tico, tico, qui lui raporte une succès énorme. Toujours pendant la guerre, elle anime une émission française à la radio appelée Tambour battant et effectue plusieurs tournées dans les bases militaires canadiennes. Ayant une grande facilité pour les langues, elle traduit plusieurs chansons, comme Adios muchachos, Brésil, Je te tiens sur mon coeur et plusieurs autres. En 1945, elle s’installe au Mexique pendant quelques mois. Elle travaille avec Gabriel Ruiz, célèbre compositeur. En 1944, ses cachets dépassent 2000 dollars par semaine. En 1947, elle est connue à Paris, Londres, New York, Québec, Montréal, Rio de Janeiro et Mexico.

Pendant les années 1940, elle enregistre plusieurs disques et chante dans les cabarets chics de New York et, en 1947, va en Angleterre pour chanter sur le premier programme régulier au monde, à la BBC. Après son séjour à Londres, elle retourne à Hollywood.

L’accident

En 1948, alors qu’elle se rend à Las Vegas, elle est victime d’un grave accident de la route. Elle doit alors interrompre sa carrière à la suite d’une dépression nerveuse et, à 25 ans, se retrouve contre son gré dans un hôpital psychiatrique de Québec, l’Asile St-Michel-Archange, maintenant devenu le Centre Hospitalier Robert-Giffard,

Elle passe les cinq années suivantes dans cette institution. Elle y reçoit des médicaments, des électrochocs et même une lobotomie, traitement réservé aux maniaco-dépressifs à l’époque. En 1952, après avoir subi avec succès une lobotomie, Alys Robi est libérée et tente de reprendre sa carrière, mais elle reçoit un accueil mitigé du public.

Seconde carrière

Ce n’est qu’à la fin des années 1970 que Lady Alys regagne sa célébrité avec la chanson hommage Alys en cinémascope de Luc Plamondon, chanson interprétée par la diva québécoise Diane Dufresne. Le monde du cabaret québécois, en hommage, donne alors le nom d’Alys à ses trophées annuels.

En 1989, Alain Morisod lui offre un album et une chanson sur mesure : Laissez-moi encore chanter, qui lui permettent de lancer véritablement une seconde carrière.

Sa vie est le sujet de plusieurs livres, de thèses universitaires, d’une pièce de théâtre et, en 1995, d’une série télévisée où le rôle d’Alys est confié à la comédienne Joëlle Morin et l’interprétation de ses chansons à Isabelle Boulay. Finalement, le film Ma vie en cinémascope (2004), réalisé par Denise Filiatrault, raconte la vie exceptionnelle (avec la comédienne Pascale Bussières) de celle qui fut la « Céline Dion des années quarante ».

Maintenant

Femme comblée et heureuse, elle donne des spectacles ici et là, la plupart du temps dans sa ville où elle habite toujours, à Québec. Elle a participé avec deux spectacles à la Fierté gaie de Québec à l’été 2005, ainsi qu’un immense spectacle en février 2005 au bar gai Le Drague de Québec.

Discographie

  • Laissez-moi encore chanter (1989)
  • Alys Robi / La Collection Volume 1 et Alys Robi / La Collection Volume 2 (best-of, 1998)
  • Diva / Gala Records (2005)

Ses plus grands succès

1944
  • Tico, tico
  • Je te tiens sur mon coeur
  • Beguine
  • Amour
  • Besame Mucho
1945
  • Brésil
  • Rhum et coca-cola
  • Adios Muchachos
  • Chica chica boom chic
  • Symphonie
1946
  • Mon chant d’amour
  • Dans un petit baiser
  • Jalousie
  • Chiapanecas
1947
  • J’entends des rumeurs
  • Tout simplement
1948
  • Mon cœur n’appartient qu’à toi
  • J’ai deux amours
  • Chi baba Chi baba
  • La danseuse est créole
  • Tchiou tchiou
  • La vie en rose

Prix et distinctions

  • Trophée Laflèche de la meilleure chanteuse francophone et anglophone.
  • Trophée Beaver de la meilleure chanteuse au Canada.
  • Ambassadrice du bon Accord, décerné par l’Université Laval.

Au cinéma

Ma vie en cinémascope, réalisé en 2004 par Denise Filiatrault, mettent en scène Pascale Bussières

Voir aussi

Articles connexes

Références

  • Ma Carrière, ma vie (autobiographie, 1980)
  • Un long Cri dans la nuit : Cinq Années à l’Asile, autobiographie, propos recueillis par Claude Leclerc, Montréal, Édimag, 1990 et 2004, ASIN:2921207346
  • Fleur d’Alys (biographie écrite par Jean Beaunoyer)

Elton John par Wikipédia

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

Elton John

Un article de Wikipédia, l’encyclopédie libre.
Sir Elton John
Elton John performing, 2008 4
Elton John en concert au Keepmoat Stadium à Doncaster en juillet 2008.

Surnom Elton Hercules John
Nom Reginald Kenneth Dwight
Naissance 25 mars 1947 (1947-03-25) (63 ans)
Drapeau du Royaume-Uni Pinner, Royaume-Uni
Activité principale Auteur-compositeur-interprète
Producteur
Genre musical Piano rock
Glam rock
Soft rock
Pop
Instruments Piano
Clavier
Années d’activité Depuis 1964
Labels Universal
Site officiel eltonjohn.com

Entourage Billy Joel
Eminem
Ashley RobertsCéline Dion
Michael Jackson
Bill Clinton
Princesse Diana
Simon Cowell
Tupac
Fifty Cent
Henry de Galles
Whoopi Goldberg
Robin Williams
Kanye West
Rihanna
Justin Timberlake
The Pussycat Dolls
Kiki Dee
Harrison Ford
Ray Cooper
Elizabeth Hurley
Hugh Grant
Elizabeth Taylor
Lady Gaga
George Michael
Madonna
Gianni Versace

Sir Elton Hercules John[1] (né Reginald Kenneth Dwight le 25 mars 1947 à Pinner, dans le Middlesex, en Angleterre) est un chanteur et compositeur britannique. Il fait partie des chanteurs à grand succès international, ses albums les plus célèbres étant Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, Captain Fantastic ou encore Blue Moves. En plus de quarante ans de carrière, il a vendu plus de 250 millions d’albums et 100 millions de singles, soit 350 millions de disques vendus[réf. nécessaire].

Sommaire

[masquer]

Carrière

Sa rencontre avec Bernie Taupin dans la fin des années 1960 détermine sa carrière. Elton John fut véritablement reconnu par ses pairs après une tournée de promotion de son album Elton John aux États-Unis en 1970. Son premier concert eut lieu au Troubadour de Los Angeles le 25 août. Eric Clapton et Leon Russell vont l’applaudir sur scène.

Les débuts (fin des années 1960)

En 1961, Reginald Kenneth Dwight forme son premier groupe : Bluesology. Il admire beaucoup le chanteur John Baldry et le saxophoniste Elton Dean, et c’est pourquoi il décide de se faire appeler Elton John[réf. nécessaire].

Elton John sort d’abord un premier album intitulé Empty Sky, mais celui-ci passe plus ou moins inaperçu auprès du public et de la critique. C’est avec son deuxième album, Elton John, sorti en 1970, que l’artiste acquiert une renommée internationale. Le premier single, Border Song obtient un certain succès, tandis que Your Song propulse l’Anglais aux sommets des charts. L’album, caractérisé par les orchestrations très présentes de Paul Buckmaster, revêt des allures baroques, et annonce d’autres opus non moins célèbres comme Madman Across the Water (1971) ou Blue Moves (1975).

Les années 1970

Tumbleweed Connection puis Madman Across the Water confirment la nouvelle popularité du chanteur. Installé sur la rampe du succès, c’est en 1972 avec l’album Honky Chateau qu’il impose un nouveau style musical en s’appuyant sur une formation solide de musiciens non destinée aux enregistrements studio (Davey Johnstone, Dee Murray, Nigel Olsson). Il est capable d’écrire et d’enregistrer très vite des albums entre deux tournées (son contrat avec DJM lui imposant la sortie de deux albums par an), tournées qui l’emmènent aux États-Unis, en Australie, en Nouvelle-Zélande et au Japon. En 1973, il fonde sa propre maison de disques (ROCKET) et signe Kiki Dee et Neil Sedaka.

Avec Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (1973), Elton John s’impose dans la pop des années 70. Ce double album enchaîne les titres à succès : Candle In The Wind (dédiée à Marylin Monroe), Bennie And the Jets, Saturday Night’s Alright (For Fighting), ou encore le titre éponyme. L’album est considéré encore aujourd’hui comme la plus grande réussite artistique d’Elton John.

Parmi tous les albums sortis dans les années 70 (17 en 9 ans), Elton John et son groupe accouchent également de deux autres chefs d’œuvres : Captain Fantastic And The Brown Dirt Cowboy en 1975 et Blue Moves en 1976, souvent considérés comme formant avec Goodbye Yellow Brick Road les trois piliers de la carrière prolifique du chanteur britannique. Ces albums offrent un rock progressif, mélodique et souvent survolté, très éloigné de ce qu’Elton John a pu produire par la suite (pensons aux nombreuses ballades comme Sacrifice ou Can You Feel The Love Tonight issue de la B.O. du Roi Lion, qui, si elles sont de qualité, ont enfermé l’artiste dans une image d’artiste pop, producteur de chansons classiques et parfois gentillettes).

Entre 1972 et 1975, Elton John vit principalement aux États-Unis. Son énergie, ses excentricités vestimentaires, son style de vie de milliardaire le poussent au pinacle. Au-delà du talent, souvent négligé par ses détracteurs, Elton John produit un rock joyeux, coloré, qui tranche avec le contexte historique de création (crise économique, Viêt Nam, Watergate…).

  • Durant cette époque Elton John multiplie les tubes, obtient 7 albums n°1 des ventes à la suite aux États-Unis et représente 2% des ventes de l’industrie mondiale du disque.
  • En 1975, Elton John joue le Pinball Wizard dans le film Tommy des Who.

En 1975-1976, Elton John change de groupe (son répertoire se faisant plus éclectique), prend un nouveau tournant dans sa carrière (tant musical que par ses engagements externes, le football par exemple) pour percer en Europe. Il fait une tournée en 1979 dans l’Union soviétique.

Les années 1980

Les années 1980 furent une période ambigüe durant laquelle il épousa (en 1984) Renate Blauel – ingénieur du son allemande ayant travaillé notamment sur les albums Leather Jackets et Breaking Hearts – (il divorça en 1988) et écrivit une multitude de tubes comme Blue eyes, I guess that’s why they call it blues, I’m still standing (véritable pied de nez à tous ses détracteurs), Heartache all over the World, Nikita, Sad songs (say so much), le tourbillonnant I don’t wanna go on with you like that ou encore Whispers. Malgré tous ces singles à succès, la décennie 80 reste le symbole d’une certaine perte d’inspiration, associée à l’abus d’alcool et de drogues.

C’est aussi en 1987 qu’il grava sur disque un de ces concerts : Live in Australia, avec un orchestre symphonique et dont fut tirée une nouvelle version de Candle in the Wind en single, qui entrera dans le top 5 américain. À une période d’albums inégaux (Leather Jackets par exemple, considéré par l’artiste comme le moins bon de sa carrière), Elton John décide de réinterpréter de vieux titres, principalement issus de son deuxième album. Cependant, le chanteur souffre à ce moment d’un kyste sur les cordes vocales qui ampute sa performance ; il dut d’ailleurs se faire opérer peu de temps après le concert. Live in Australia n’en reste pas moins l’un des temps forts de sa carrière.

Les années 1990

Il faudra attendre les années 1990 pour vivre la seconde naissance d’Elton John qui a su cependant, pendant trente ans, conserver sa place sur la scène rock.

  • En 1990 le single Sacrifice issu de l’album Sleeping with the Past devient un tube mondial de même que l’album vendu à 10 millions d’exemplaires.
  • En 1991 sort une version live de Don’t let the sun go down on me avec George Michael qui est n° 1 notamment aux États-Unis, en Angleterre, au Japon.
  • En 1992 l’album The One consacre le retour d’Elton John sur le devant de la scène après sa cure de désintoxication. Le single éponyme devient lui aussi un tube mondial et assure une très bonne carrière à cet album.
  • En 1994 sort la BO du dessin animé de Walt Disney The Lion King qui s’écoule à 18 millions d’exemplaires dans le monde et qui devient disque de diamant cette même année aux États-Unis.
  • En 1995 sort un album encensé par la critique : Made in England dont les singles Believe, Made in England et Blessed sont extraits.
  • En 1997 Elton publie l’album The Big Picture avec le single Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997. Candle in the Wind est réécrite pour l’occasion par Bernie Taupin pour s’adresser à Diana Spencer) qui se vend à 33 millions d’exemplaires après les funérailles de la princesse. *
  • En 1998, il compose les chansons pour la comédie musicale Aïda produite par Walt Disney Theatrical Productions.

Les années 2000 et 2010

  • Elton John fait une apparition dans la série télévisée Ally McBeal en 2001.
  • Après 12 ans de vie commune, Elton John s’unit en Angleterre à son compagnon David Furnish, le 21 décembre 2005, le jour même où la loi britannique légalise les unions homosexuelles.
  • Plus récemment, Elton John revient à un style plus proche de ses premiers albums, avec des opus comme Songs From The West Coast (2001), Peachtree Road (2004) ou encore The Captain and the Kid (2006). Celui-ci fait d’ailleurs echo au célèbre Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy, et les paroles de Bernie Taupin traitent de différents moments dans la carrières des deux compagnons.
  • On apprend récemment que Elton John travaille actuellement sur son prochain album pour 2010 à Las Vegas en collaboration avec Leon Russell. D’après son site officiel, il annonce que ce dernier sera toujours avec en collaboration avec Bernie Taupin dont la sortie sera prévue le 19 octobre 2010 sous le nom de “The Union“.
  • Le 25 décembre 2010, grâce à une mère porteuse californienne, son compagnon et lui deviennent “pères” d’un petit garçon, qu’ils prénomment Zachary Jackson Levon Furnish-John[2].

Prises de positions

En novembre 2006, Elton John affirme qu’il interdirait totalement les libertés religieuses. Selon lui, les religions transformeraient les individus en personnages «haineux », Elles ne feraient pas suffisamment preuvent de compassion et seraient porteuse de pensées homophobes[3],[4].

De nombreux artistes, dont Elvis Costello et les Pixies, ont annulé les concerts qu’ils devaient donner en Israël pour protester contre l’abordage de la flottille pour Gaza. A l’inverse, Elton John s’est produit, le 17 juin 2010, au stade Ramat Gan de Tel-Aviv devant 50 000 fans, pour apporter son soutien à Israël et à son droit de se défendre.[5].

Discographie

Reconnaissance artistique

Reprises et samples

Parmi les nombreux artistes qui ont repris des titres du répertoire d’Elton John, on peut citer : Aretha Franklin (Border song), Kate Bush (Rocket Man, Daniel), Tori Amos (Tiny Dancer), Rod Stewart (Country comfort, Your song), Jeff Buckley (We all fall in love sometimes/curtains), Dream Theater (Funeral for a friend), Keane (Goodbye yellow brick road), Rufus Wainwright (Goodbye yellow brick road), Jason Mraz (Rocket Man), Queen (Saturday night’s alright), Ray Charles (Sorry seems to be the hardest word), Ben Folds (Tiny dancer), Dave Grohl (Tiny Dancer), Billy Paul (your song), Al Jarreau (your song), Eric Clapton (Border song), les Beach Boys (crocodile rock, également reprise en 2000 par le groupe de heavy metal américain W.A.S.P.), the Who (saturday night’s alright), Toto (burn down the mission), Phil Collins (burn down the mission), Sting (come down in time), Bon Jovi (Levon), Nickelback (Saturday Night’s Alright For Fighting), Sinead O’Connor (sacrifice), Franck Sinatra (sorry seems to be the hardet word), George Michael (Tonight, Idol), Bruce Hornsby (Madman across the water), Tina Turner (the bitch is back), Kid Rock (Saturday night’s alright), Brian Wilson (someone saved my life tonight), Norah Jones (Tiny dancer), Diana Krall (Border Song), Joe Cocker (sorry seems to be the hardest word), Beastie Boys (Bennie and the jets), Wilson Phillips (Daniel)…

D’autres artistes ont samplé ses morceaux : Mary J. Blidge (Bennie and the jets), Kanye West (someone saved my life tonight), Tupac (indian sunset), Norman Cook (are you ready for love), Ironik (Tiny dancer).. Elton John représente donc aujourd’hui une source d’inspiration pour tous les styles musicaux, du jazz à la country, du hard rock à la pop, du hip hop au gospel.

Enfin, bien qu’il soit considéré comme l’un des rois de la pop, il a affiché sa diversité dans un duo avec le rappeur Tupac, « Ghetto Gospel »[6] mais aussi avec le groupe de heavy metal anglais Saxon. Elton joue sur deux titres de leur album « Rock the Nations » (1986). L’un au piano et au chant : « Party Til You Puke »  ; l’autre simplement au piano : « Northern Lady ». Dans les années 2000, Elton John a fait un duo avec le rapeur Eminem pour la chanson Stan.

Distinctions

  • Elton John est commandeur de l’Ordre de l’Empire britannique (Order of the British Empire) et chevalier[7]. À ce double titre, l’usage britannique prescrit de le nommer, dans les citations officielles, Sir Elton Hercules John, CBE
  • Prix de la contribution à la culture américaine (plus haute distinction américaine pour un artiste, l’équivalent de l’anoblissement) en 2004 remis par le président George Bush
  • Officier des Arts et des Lettres remis par la Reine d’Angleterre
  • Président d’honneur à vie du Club de Watford en Angleterre
  • Docteur de l’Académie royale de musique de Londres.

Nominations et récompenses

  • Oscar = 6
  • Ivor Novellos = 8
  • Grammy Awards = 17
  • NRJ Music Awards = 12
  • Tony Awards = 14
  • MTV Video Music Awards = 11
  • Brit Awards = 18
  • Prix de Rome belge = 7

Elton John est l’un des rares artistes à avoir eu autant de récompenses dans une carrière musicale.

Voir aussi

Sur les autres projets Wikimédia :

Notes et références

David Brudnoy

Sunday, March 13th, 2011

David Brudnoy

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David Brudnoy
Born June 5, 1940 (1940-06-05)
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Died December 9, 2004 (2004-12-10)
Boston, Massachusetts
Occupation Talk radio host

David Brudnoy (June 5, 1940 – December 9, 2004) was an American talk radio host in Boston from 1976 to 2004. His radio talk show aired on WBZ radio. He was known for espousing his libertarian views on a wide range of political issues, in a manner that was courteous. Thanks to WBZ’s wide signal reach, he gained a following from across the United States as well as Canada. On December 9, 2004, he succumbed to Merkel cell carcinoma after it had metastasized to his lungs and kidneys.

Contents

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Education and background

Born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, to a Jewish family, David Barry Brudnoy was the only child of Doris and Harry Brudnoy. Harry was a dentist in the Minneapolis area, a profession he maintained for over 50 years.[1] During his youth, David was known to be precocious, and in addition to reading a lot, he enjoyed collecting stamps.[2] He was also interested in history, and thanks to the influence of his Aunt Kathie, with whom he was close for all of his life, he became interested in movies; he often attended them with her.[3] Years later, David Brudnoy would become known for his work as a film critic, and he remarked in his autobiography that his aunt had undoubtedly contributed to his success by taking him to so many films.

Although he did not articulate it at the time, he was also aware of certain homosexual attractions.[4] Years later, he would detail the confusion he felt, discussing his teenage and college years in his 1997 book, Life Is Not a Rehearsal. During his childhood, David and his family briefly lived in Macon, Georgia and San Antonio, Texas; his father had enlisted in the Army Reserves and the moves were so that he could be near army bases.[5] David first attended college in 1958, receiving a BA from Yale in New Haven. He also received M.A.s from Harvard and Brandeis, and a Ph.D. from Brandeis, focusing on East Asian studies and history.[6] He received an honorary doctorate from Emerson College in 1996.[7]

As a professor, Brudnoy taught classes or was a guest lecturer at many major colleges and universities throughout Boston and New England, as well as in Texas: Boston University, Boston College, Northeastern University, Merrimack College, University of Rhode Island, Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, as well as Texas Southern University.[8] He was respected as an educator: student evaluations for his courses at B.U. indicate that they were very well received, and former students were among those who wrote eloquent tributes to him when he died.[9] According to those students, he was such a devoted educator that even as he was dying, he made certain to finish grading their term papers.[10]

Career

Brudnoy began a career in broadcast commentary in 1971 on Boston’s local PBS television station, WGBH-TV.

In 1976, David Brudnoy took over as host of his friend Avi Nelson’s radio show on WHDH, in the midst of the city’s unrest over forced busing and desegregation in schools. He took to the job with ease, and increasingly gained popularity. From 1981 to 1986, he appeared on former Top 40 station WRKO, which was now news and talk, before moving to local stalwart WBZ. The top-rated talk radio host in New England, he appeared in a regular weekday evening slot until his retirement. At the end of his career, Brudnoy was, according to WBZ Radio’s promotional materials, derived from Arbitron ratings, among the most-listened-to evening talk hosts in the United States.[11]

Over the years, Brudnoy also appeared as a news commentator and host on local TV stations besides WGBH, including WCVB-TV (ABC), WNAC-TV, and WBZ-TV (CBS). He has also appeared nationally on the CBS Morning News. He has written movie reviews for Boston magazine and local community newspapers. During the 1970s he wrote articles for the National Review, and befriended its editor William F. Buckley.[12] His articles have appeared in The New York Times, The New Republic, and the Saturday Evening Post.

In 1990, his WBZ show was canceled, but a mass public response, including a letter writing campaign sponsored by The Boston Globe, helped lead to his quick return to the station’s lineup.[13]

Brudnoy’s popularity escalated him into the Boston media elite, and he was the host of numerous social gatherings at his upscale Back Bay apartment, mixing students, media personalities, and politicians. After his bout with AIDS, Brudnoy began broadcasting from his apartment four nights out of five, welcoming his radio guests into his home and eagerly offering them cocktails.[14]

His popularity in Boston was so great that when he returned to the air in early January 1995, after his first battle with HIV/AIDS kept him off the air for ten weeks, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino formally declared January 5 as “David Brudnoy Day.”[13]

Brudnoy was awarded the Freedom of Speech Award from the National Association of Radio Talk Show Hosts, and nominated for the “Personality of the Year” Marconi Award, both in 1997.

In 2001, he celebrated his 25th anniversary on the air.[15]

Politics and sensibilities

Brudnoy’s strongly libertarian opinions were expressed with wit and thoughtfulness. He described his own manner as “less ideological and more empathic”, in contrast to more recent figures of conservative talk radio. Many regard him as a unique radio host who was effective at injecting a different perspective into the political dialogue rather than merely cultivating a particular political segment of the population.

His non-partisan, thoughtful way of discussing issues helped him gain a large following despite being based in a staunchly Democratic region. Political figures from both ends of the spectrum have praised him for his contributions to the local and national dialogue. Among those who eulogized him when he died were liberals like Senator Edward M. Kennedy who said that David was uniquely fair to his guests. “He couldn’t care less about your party label, as long as you knew what you were talking about, because he always did”; and conservatives like then-Governor Mitt Romney who said that Brudnoy was “… a friend to hundreds of thousands of people, most of whom he never even saw in person . . . David has left us all a huge inheritance. It’s an inheritance rich in tolerance, in faith, in the greatness of humanity, in respect for all people…”[16]

In 2000, Brudnoy declared himself a member of the Libertarian Party.

Although his father Harry was a practicing Jew and a member of a Minneapolis synagogue[1], David Brudnoy was an agnostic who disliked organized religion and was critical of religions that tried to impose their views on others. He did have a bar mitzvah in May 1953,[17] but he was already becoming skeptical of religion and recalled that event as the last time he followed his religious traditions. Years later, he wrote several opinion pieces about his opposition to religious dogmatism. But on the other hand, he also wrote favorably about the good that the church was capable of doing. In one piece, he stated that “…the church itself, for Catholics and non-Catholics alike, is a bulwark of our society. Its severely overburdened clergy are crucial to the development of our youths, to comforting our elders, and to tending our sick.”[18]

But while he was a skeptic about the tenets of organized religion, during his late-2004 bout of serious illness he admitted he had prayed in various ways,[19] including with a Catholic priest who was a friend of his; and he said that he had discussed religion with several of his Jewish friends, including political commentator Jon Keller and conservative newspaper columnist Jeff Jacoby.[12] But he said he did not expect to go to either a Heaven or a Hell.

Homosexuality

Brudnoy came to realize that he was homosexual early in life but successfully hid the fact for many years. While at Texas Southern, he “adopted” a young, recently-single mother, Patricia Kennedy, and for many years Brudnoy and Kennedy enjoyed a relationship of mutual convenience, with Brudnoy able to use Kennedy as a cover for his homosexuality, and in return serving as a surrogate father to her two young children. Brudnoy did not come out to his father and stepmother until his illness in 1994; his father Harry was 88 years old when Brudnoy finally phoned him to give him the news and also discuss the health crisis he was undergoing. David was pleasantly surprised that his parents were supportive.[20] Brudnoy had previously come out to his aunt and uncle after they lost a son (also homosexual) to AIDS.[21]

Brudnoy came out publicly in 1994, after returning from hospitalization to overcome his long-hidden fight with AIDS. Having attracted a largely conservative audience based on his political views, traditional anti-homosexual conservatives rejected him, though others admired him for his courage. Despite the controversy, his ratings reportedly did not suffer as a result. The controversy was rekindled somewhat after the release in 1997 of his autobiography, Life Is Not a Rehearsal, in which he described a history of sexual excesses. Brudnoy did not attempt to mask his sexuality during his adult life, but also made no direct indications of it; it was well-known among his colleagues in broadcasting long before he spoke publicly about it. His closest and oldest friend was psychologist Dr. Ward Cromer, with whom he took dozens of trips abroad, and who was incorrectly assumed by many to be Brudnoy’s sexual partner. Neither of them used that phraseology to describe their relationship, preferring a more accurate title of “best friend”. When Brudnoy died, it was Cromer who became executor of his estate.[22]

Illness

Brudnoy was diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in 1988, but kept his treatment a secret until his condition became serious after contracting pneumonia in 1994. He was absent from public life for some time to fight the disease. Comatose and near death at one point, he eventually returned to reasonable health. It was at that time, in order to conserve his strength, that he broadcast his show from his apartment in the Back Bay section of Boston during part of 1994.[14] Once he was able to return to the air, Brudnoy announced the creation of a fund to fight AIDS. His illness inspired him to publish a memoir, Life is not a Rehearsal (ISBN 0-571-19933-X), in 1997. At the time, it was not a best-seller, but after he died, it became a collector’s item, since his publisher had originally let it go out of print and now many of his fans wanted copies of it.[23]